History Events on June 24
Miguel López de Legazpi founds Manila, the capital of the Philippines.
Battle of Wilhelmsthal: The British-Hanoverian army of Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats French forces in Westphalia.
World War II: Operation Collar, the first British Commando raid on occupied France, by No 11 Independent Company.
Julius Nepos forces Roman usurper Glycerius to abdicate the throne and proclaims himself Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
John Isner of the United States defeats Nicolas Mahut of France at Wimbledon, in the longest match in professional tennis history.
The Romans, led by Gaius Flaminius, are ambushed and defeated by Hannibal at the Battle of Lake Trasimene.
The Premier Grand Lodge of England, the first Masonic Grand Lodge in the world (now the United Grand Lodge of England), is founded in London.
Roman emperor Trajan inaugurates the Aqua Traiana, an aqueduct that channels water from Lake Bracciano, 40 kilometres (25 miles) north-west of Rome.
Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães: Forces led by Afonso I defeat forces led by his mother Teresa of León and her lover Fernando Pérez de Traba.
First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce.
Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to sign a million-dollar contract.
The United Kingdom grants Zanzibar internal self-government.
Battle of Custoza: An Austrian army defeats the Italian army during the Austro-Prussian War.
Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.
Lonesome George, the last known individual of Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii, a subspecies of the Galápagos tortoise, dies.
First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.
The Spanish Spanish garrison of Évora capitulates, following the Portuguese victory at the Battle of Ameixial.
Marie François Sadi Carnot is assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio.
John Cabot lands in North America at Newfoundland leading the first European exploration of the region since the Vikings.
The first Republican constitution in France is adopted.
King Edward VII of the United Kingdom develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.
Samuel de Champlain discovers the mouth of the Saint John River, site of Reversing Falls and the present day city of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.
First Indochina War: Battle of Mang Yang Pass: Viet Minh troops belonging to the 803rd Regiment ambush G.M. 100 of France in An Khê.
Julia Gillard assumes office as the first female Prime Minister of Australia.
American Revolutionary War: The Great Siege of Gibraltar begins.
Hundred Years' War: Battle of Sluys: The French fleet is almost completely destroyed by the English fleet commanded in person by King Edward III.
Battle of Beaver Dams: A British and Indian combined force defeats the United States Army.
The Battle of Carabobo takes place. It is the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain.
US military police attempt to arrest a black soldier in Bamber Bridge, England, sparking the Battle of Bamber Bridge mutiny that leaves one dead and seven wounded.
Cold War: Start of the Berlin Blockade: The Soviet Union makes overland travel between West Germany and West Berlin impossible.
The UpStairs Lounge arson attack takes place at a gay bar located on the second floor of the three-story building at 141 Chartres Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Thirty-two people die as a result of fire or smoke inhalation.
A sudden outbreak of St. John's Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion.
The Humber Bridge opens to traffic, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. It would be the world's longest bridge span for 17 years.
The Siege of Jaén begins, in the context of the Spanish Reconquista.
Jiang Zemin succeeds Zhao Ziyang to become the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
Siam is renamed Thailand by Plaek Phibunsongkhram, the country's third prime minister.
The first television western, Hopalong Cassidy, is aired on NBC starring William Boyd.
A bloodless revolution instigated by the People's Party ends the absolute power of King Prajadhipok of Siam (now Thailand).
Apartheid: In South Africa, the Group Areas Act formally segregating races is passed.
Pieces of a meteorite, estimated to have weighed 450 metric tons when it hit the Earth's atmosphere and exploded, land near Chicora, Pennsylvania.
"The Jakarta Incident": British Airways Flight 9 flies into a cloud of volcanic ash thrown up by the eruption of Mount Galunggung, resulting in the failure of all four engines.
Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon's Grande Armée crosses the Neman river beginning the invasion of Russia.
Former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is found guilty of abusing his power and having sex with an underage prostitute, and is sentenced to seven years in prison.
Battle of Solferino (Battle of the Three Sovereigns): Sardinia and France defeat Austria in Solferino, northern Italy.
Battle of Macau: The Dutch attempt but fail to capture Macau.