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History Events on June 16


Revolutions of 1989
Revolutions of 1989: Imre Nagy, the former Hungarian Prime Minister, is reburied in Budapest following the collapse of Communism in Hungary.

#Revolutions_of_1989

2013 North India floods
A multi-day cloudburst centered on the North Indian state of Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides becoming the country's worst natural disaster since the 2004 tsunami.

#2013_North_India_floods

French and Indian War
French and Indian War: The French surrender Fort Beauséjour to the British, leading to the expulsion of the Acadians.

#French_and_Indian_War

Sardinia
War of the Austrian Succession: Austria and Sardinia defeat a Franco-Spanish army at the Battle of Piacenza.

#Sardinia

Vostok 6
Soviet Space Program: Vostok 6 Mission: Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space.

#Vostok_6

World War II
World War II: Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Chief of State of Vichy France (Chef de l'État Français).

#World_War_II

War of the Austrian Succession
War of the Austrian Succession: New England colonial troops under the command of William Pepperrell capture the Fortress of Louisbourg in Louisbourg, New France (Old Style date).

#War_of_the_Austrian_Succession

Mary, Queen of Scots
Mary, Queen of Scots, recognizes Philip II of Spain as her heir and successor.

#Mary,_Queen_of_Scots

IBM
IBM founded as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company in Endicott, New York.

#IBM

United States Air Force
The United States Air Force's robotic Boeing X-37B spaceplane returns to Earth after a classified 469-day orbital mission.

#United_States_Air_Force

Bhutan
Bhutan becomes the first country to institute a total ban on tobacco.

#Bhutan

Irish Free State
General election in the Irish Free State: The pro-Treaty Sinn Féin win a large majority.

#Irish_Free_State

Imre Nagy
Imre Nagy, Pál Maléter and other leaders of the 1956 Hungarian Uprising are executed.

#Imre_Nagy

Shanghai Disneyland Park
Shanghai Disneyland Park, the first Disney Park in Mainland China opens to the public.

#Shanghai_Disneyland_Park

Juan Perón
In a futile effort to topple Argentine President Juan Perón, rogue aircraft pilots of the Argentine Navy drop several bombs upon an unarmed crowd demonstrating in favor of Perón in Buenos Aires, killing 364 and injuring at least 800. At the same time on the ground, some soldiers attempt to stage a coup but are suppressed by loyal forces.

#Juan_Perón

Oracle Corporation
Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California, as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates.

#Oracle_Corporation

Battle of Stoke Field
Battle of Stoke Field: King Henry VII of England defeats the leaders of a Yorkist rebellion in the final engagement of the Wars of the Roses.

#Battle_of_Stoke_Field

Rudolf Nureyev
Rudolf Nureyev defects from the Soviet Union.

#Rudolf_Nureyev

James Joyce
Irish author James Joyce begins a relationship with Nora Barnacle and subsequently uses the date to set the actions for his novel Ulysses; this date is now traditionally called "Bloomsday".

#James_Joyce

Ming-H? War
Ming-H? War: Retired King H? Quý Ly and his son King H? Hán Th??ng of H? dynasty are captured by the Ming armies.

#Ming-H?_War

Roald Amundsen
Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage, leaving Oslo, Norway.

#Roald_Amundsen

Julian (emperor)
Emperor Julian marches back up the Tigris and burns his fleet of supply ships. During the withdrawal Roman forces suffered several attacks from the Persians.

#Julian_(emperor)

Eugen Schauman
Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolay Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.

#Eugen_Schauman

Shenzhou 9
China successfully launches its Shenzhou 9 spacecraft, carrying three astronauts, including the first female Chinese astronaut Liu Yang, to the Tiangong-1 orbital module.

#Shenzhou_9

LaMarcus Adna Thompson
The first purpose-built roller coaster, LaMarcus Adna Thompson's "Switchback Railway", opens in New York's Coney Island amusement park.

#LaMarcus_Adna_Thompson

Israel
Israel complies with United Nations Security Council Resolution 425 22 years after its issuance, which calls on Israel to completely withdraw from Lebanon. Israel does so, except the disputed Shebaa farms.

#Israel

1819 Rann of Kutch earthquake
A major earthquake strikes the Kutch district of western India, killing over 1,543 people and raising a 6 m high, 6 km wide, ridge, extending for at least 80 km, that was known as the Allah Bund ("Dam of God").

#1819_Rann_of_Kutch_earthquake

French Revolutionary Wars
French Revolutionary Wars: In what became known as Cornwallis's Retreat, a British Royal Navy squadron led by Vice Admiral William Cornwallis strongly resists a much larger French Navy force and withdraws largely intact, setting up the French Navy defeat at the Battle of Groix six days later.

#French_Revolutionary_Wars

London Working Men's Association
The formation of the London Working Men's Association gives rise to the Chartist Movement.

#London_Working_Men's_Association

Ronald Reagan
U.S. President Ronald Reagan awards the Congressional Gold Medal to Ken Taylor, Canada's former ambassador to Iran, for helping six Americans escape from Iran during the hostage crisis of 1979-81; he is the first foreign citizen bestowed the honor.

#Ronald_Reagan

Malayan Communist Party
Members of the Malayan Communist Party kill three British plantation managers in Sungai Siput; in response, British Malaya declares a state of emergency.

#Malayan_Communist_Party

Great Siege of Gibraltar
Spain declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the Great Siege of Gibraltar begins.

#Great_Siege_of_Gibraltar

Churchill Falls Generating Station
The largest single-site hydroelectric power project in Canada is inaugurated at Churchill Falls Generating Station.

#Churchill_Falls_Generating_Station

George Stinney
At age 14, George Junius Stinney, Jr. becomes the youngest person executed in the United States in the 20th century.

#George_Stinney

Ford Motor Company
The Ford Motor Company is incorporated.

#Ford_Motor_Company

Harrodsburg, Kentucky
Foundation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky.

#Harrodsburg,_Kentucky

Republic of Hawaii
A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later.

#Republic_of_Hawaii

Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations
Survivors of an attack the previous day by Tla-o-qui-aht on board the Pacific Fur Company's ship Tonquin intentionally detonate a powder magazine on the ship, destroying it and killing about 100 attackers.

#Tla-o-qui-aht_First_Nations

Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln delivers his House Divided speech in Springfield, Illinois.

#Abraham_Lincoln

Yazdegerd III
Yazdegerd III ascends the throne as king (shah) of the Persian Empire. He becomes the last ruler of the Sasanian dynasty (modern Iran).

#Yazdegerd_III

Battle of Ligny
Battle of Ligny and Battle of Quatre Bras, two days before the Battle of Waterloo.

#Battle_of_Ligny

Upwards to 2,000,000 participate in the 2019 Hong Kong anti-extradition bill protests, the largest in Hong Kong's history.
Daïat Labguer (M'sila) massacre in Algeria: Fifty people die.
Soweto uprising: A non-violent march by 15,000 students in Soweto, South Africa turns into days of rioting when police open fire on the crowd.
A Communist government is installed in Lithuania.
The National Industrial Recovery Act is passed in the United States, allowing businesses to avoid antitrust prosecution if they established voluntary wage, price, and working condition regulations on an industry-wide basis. Large portions of the law are later declared unconstitutional.
Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR.
The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the Soviet Union, Artek, is established.
The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children.
The Universities Tests Act 1871 allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests (except for those intending to study theology).
The Battle of Morar takes place during the Indian Mutiny.
The Papal conclave of 1846 elects Pope Pius IX, beginning the longest reign in the history of the papacy.