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History Events on June 16

Revolutions of 1989
Revolutions of 1989: Imre Nagy, the former Hungarian Prime Minister, is reburied in Budapest following the collapse of Communism in Hungary.


2013 North India floods
A multi-day cloudburst centered on the North Indian state of Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides becoming the country's worst natural disaster since the 2004 tsunami.


French and Indian War
French and Indian War: The French surrender Fort Beauséjour to the British, leading to the expulsion of the Acadians.


War of the Austrian Succession: Austria and Sardinia defeat a Franco-Spanish army at the Battle of Piacenza.


Vostok 6
Soviet Space Program: Vostok 6 Mission: Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space.


World War II
World War II: Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Chief of State of Vichy France (Chef de l'État Français).


War of the Austrian Succession
War of the Austrian Succession: New England colonial troops under the command of William Pepperrell capture the Fortress of Louisbourg in Louisbourg, New France (Old Style date).


Mary, Queen of Scots
Mary, Queen of Scots, recognizes Philip II of Spain as her heir and successor.


IBM founded as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company in Endicott, New York.


United States Air Force
The United States Air Force's robotic Boeing X-37B spaceplane returns to Earth after a classified 469-day orbital mission.


Bhutan becomes the first country to institute a total ban on tobacco.


Irish Free State
General election in the Irish Free State: The pro-Treaty Sinn Féin win a large majority.


Imre Nagy
Imre Nagy, Pál Maléter and other leaders of the 1956 Hungarian Uprising are executed.


Shanghai Disneyland Park
Shanghai Disneyland Park, the first Disney Park in Mainland China opens to the public.


Juan Perón
In a futile effort to topple Argentine President Juan Perón, rogue aircraft pilots of the Argentine Navy drop several bombs upon an unarmed crowd demonstrating in favor of Perón in Buenos Aires, killing 364 and injuring at least 800. At the same time on the ground, some soldiers attempt to stage a coup but are suppressed by loyal forces.


Oracle Corporation
Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California, as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates.


Battle of Stoke Field
Battle of Stoke Field: King Henry VII of England defeats the leaders of a Yorkist rebellion in the final engagement of the Wars of the Roses.


Rudolf Nureyev
Rudolf Nureyev defects from the Soviet Union.


James Joyce
Irish author James Joyce begins a relationship with Nora Barnacle and subsequently uses the date to set the actions for his novel Ulysses; this date is now traditionally called "Bloomsday".


Ming-H? War
Ming-H? War: Retired King H? Quý Ly and his son King H? Hán Th??ng of H? dynasty are captured by the Ming armies.


Roald Amundsen
Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage, leaving Oslo, Norway.


Julian (emperor)
Emperor Julian marches back up the Tigris and burns his fleet of supply ships. During the withdrawal Roman forces suffered several attacks from the Persians.


Eugen Schauman
Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolay Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.


Shenzhou 9
China successfully launches its Shenzhou 9 spacecraft, carrying three astronauts, including the first female Chinese astronaut Liu Yang, to the Tiangong-1 orbital module.


LaMarcus Adna Thompson
The first purpose-built roller coaster, LaMarcus Adna Thompson's "Switchback Railway", opens in New York's Coney Island amusement park.


Israel complies with United Nations Security Council Resolution 425 22 years after its issuance, which calls on Israel to completely withdraw from Lebanon. Israel does so, except the disputed Shebaa farms.


1819 Rann of Kutch earthquake
A major earthquake strikes the Kutch district of western India, killing over 1,543 people and raising a 6 m high, 6 km wide, ridge, extending for at least 80 km, that was known as the Allah Bund ("Dam of God").


French Revolutionary Wars
French Revolutionary Wars: In what became known as Cornwallis's Retreat, a British Royal Navy squadron led by Vice Admiral William Cornwallis strongly resists a much larger French Navy force and withdraws largely intact, setting up the French Navy defeat at the Battle of Groix six days later.


London Working Men's Association
The formation of the London Working Men's Association gives rise to the Chartist Movement.


Ronald Reagan
U.S. President Ronald Reagan awards the Congressional Gold Medal to Ken Taylor, Canada's former ambassador to Iran, for helping six Americans escape from Iran during the hostage crisis of 1979-81; he is the first foreign citizen bestowed the honor.


Malayan Communist Party
Members of the Malayan Communist Party kill three British plantation managers in Sungai Siput; in response, British Malaya declares a state of emergency.


Great Siege of Gibraltar
Spain declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the Great Siege of Gibraltar begins.


Churchill Falls Generating Station
The largest single-site hydroelectric power project in Canada is inaugurated at Churchill Falls Generating Station.


George Stinney
At age 14, George Junius Stinney, Jr. becomes the youngest person executed in the United States in the 20th century.


Ford Motor Company
The Ford Motor Company is incorporated.


Harrodsburg, Kentucky
Foundation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky.


Republic of Hawaii
A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later.


Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations
Survivors of an attack the previous day by Tla-o-qui-aht on board the Pacific Fur Company's ship Tonquin intentionally detonate a powder magazine on the ship, destroying it and killing about 100 attackers.


Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln delivers his House Divided speech in Springfield, Illinois.


Yazdegerd III
Yazdegerd III ascends the throne as king (shah) of the Persian Empire. He becomes the last ruler of the Sasanian dynasty (modern Iran).


Battle of Ligny
Battle of Ligny and Battle of Quatre Bras, two days before the Battle of Waterloo.


Upwards to 2,000,000 participate in the 2019 Hong Kong anti-extradition bill protests, the largest in Hong Kong's history.
Daïat Labguer (M'sila) massacre in Algeria: Fifty people die.
Soweto uprising: A non-violent march by 15,000 students in Soweto, South Africa turns into days of rioting when police open fire on the crowd.
A Communist government is installed in Lithuania.
The National Industrial Recovery Act is passed in the United States, allowing businesses to avoid antitrust prosecution if they established voluntary wage, price, and working condition regulations on an industry-wide basis. Large portions of the law are later declared unconstitutional.
Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR.
The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the Soviet Union, Artek, is established.
The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children.
The Universities Tests Act 1871 allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests (except for those intending to study theology).
The Battle of Morar takes place during the Indian Mutiny.
The Papal conclave of 1846 elects Pope Pius IX, beginning the longest reign in the history of the papacy.