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History Events on June 14

Munich is founded by Henry the Lion on the banks of the river Isar.


American Civil War
American Civil War: Second Battle of Winchester: A Union garrison is defeated by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Shenandoah Valley town of Winchester, Virginia.


The French Army of First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Marengo in Northern Italy and re-conquers Italy.


Dominican exiles depart from Cuba and land in the Dominican Republic to overthrow the totalitarian government of Rafael Trujillo. All but four are killed or executed.


World War II
World War II: The German occupation of Paris begins.


Owain Glynd?r
Welsh rebel leader Owain Glynd?r, having declared himself Prince of Wales, allies himself with the French against King Henry IV of England.


Ilyushin Il-76
A Ukraine military Ilyushin Il-76 airlifter is shot down, killing all 49 people on board.


Badi VII
Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, bringing the 300 year old Sudanese kingdom to an end.


While taking exile in Fuzhou, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the Song dynasty court hold the coronation ceremony for Emperor Duanzong.


London: A fire in a high-rise apartment building in North Kensington leaves 72 people dead and another 74 injured.


Territory of Hawaii
Hawaii becomes a United States territory.


Raid on the Medway
The Raid on the Medway by the Dutch fleet in the Second Anglo-Dutch War ends. It had lasted for five days and resulted in the worst ever defeat of the Royal Navy.


Ilocos Sur
World War II: Filipino troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army liberate the captured in Ilocos Sur and start the Battle of Bessang Pass in Northern Luzon.


Transatlantic flight of Alcock and Brown
John Alcock and Arthur Whitten Brown depart from St. John's, Newfoundland on the first nonstop transatlantic flight.


Seven hundred twenty-eight Polish political prisoners from Tarnów become the first inmates of the Auschwitz concentration camp.


American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War: the Continental Army is established by the Continental Congress, marking the birth of the United States Army.


Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.


Marihuana Tax Act of 1937
U.S. House of Representatives passes the Marihuana Tax Act.


Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c.
Joris Veseler prints the first Dutch newspaper Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c. in Amsterdam (approximate date).


Henley Royal Regatta
Henley Royal Regatta: the village of Henley-on-Thames, on the River Thames in Oxfordshire, stages its first regatta.


Pennsylvania becomes the first (and only) state of the United States to celebrate Flag Day officially as a state holiday.


Dwight D. Eisenhower
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law that places the words "under God" into the United States Pledge of Allegiance.


William III of England
King William III of England (William of Orange) lands in Ireland to confront the former King James II.


Disneyland Monorail System
Disneyland Monorail System, the first daily operating monorail system in the Western Hemisphere, opens to the public in Anaheim, California.


Kublai Khan
Kublai Khan defeats the force of Nayan and other traditionalist Borjigin princes in East Mongolia and Manchuria.


Mariner program
Mariner program: Mariner 5 is launched towards Venus.


Alexandria, Virginia
In Alexandria, Virginia, Republican member of Congress and House Majority Whip Steve Scalise of Louisiana is shot while practicing for charity baseball.


Falklands War
Falklands War: Argentine forces in the capital Stanley conditionally surrender to British forces.


French Algeria
Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: Thirty-four thousand French soldiers begin their invasion of Algiers, landing 27 kilometers west at Sidi Fredj.


Siege of Port Hudson
Second Assault on the Confederate works at the Siege of Port Hudson during the American Civil War.


Richard II of England
Richard II of England meets leaders of Peasants' Revolt at Mile End. The Tower of London is stormed by rebels who enter without resistance.


Flag of the United States
The Stars and Stripes is adopted by Congress as the Flag of the United States.


Charles Babbage
Charles Babbage proposes a difference engine in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society.


UNIVAC I is dedicated by the U.S. Census Bureau.


Brazil leaves the League of Nations.


Operation Perch
World War II: After several failed attempts, the British Army abandons Operation Perch, its plan to capture the German-occupied town of Caen.


Emperor Napoleon's French Grande Armée defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Poland (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending the War of the Fourth Coalition.


Women's suffrage
Norway grants women the right to vote.


First Barons' War
First Barons' War: Prince Louis of France captures the city of Winchester and soon conquers over half of the Kingdom of England.


Mindbender (Galaxyland)
The Mindbender derails and kills three riders at the Fantasyland (known today as Galaxyland) indoor amusement park in Edmonton, Alberta.


Mutiny on the Bounty
Mutiny on the Bounty: HMS Bounty mutiny survivors including Captain William Bligh and 18 others reach Timor after a nearly 7,400 km (4,600 mi) journey in an open boat.


Mongol invasions of Vietnam
Second Mongol invasion of Vietnam: Forces led by Prince Tr?n Quang Kh?i of the Tr?n dynasty destroy most of the invading Mongol naval fleet in a battle at Chuong Duong.


English Civil War
English Civil War: Battle of Naseby: Twelve thousand Royalist forces are beaten by 15,000 Parliamentarian soldiers.


Near-Earth asteroid 2002 MN misses the Earth by 75,000 miles (121,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon.
The 1994 Vancouver Stanley Cup riot occurs after the New York Rangers win the Stanley Cup from Vancouver, causing an estimated C$1.1 million, leading to 200 arrests and injuries.
The Vatican announces the abolition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum ("index of prohibited books"), which was originally instituted in 1557.
The European Space Research Organisation is established in Paris - later becoming the European Space Agency.
Albert II, a rhesus monkey, rides a V-2 rocket to an altitude of 134 km (83 mi), thereby becoming the first monkey in space.
June deportation: the first major wave of Soviet mass deportations and murder of Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians, begins.
The Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Lithuania resulting in Lithuanian loss of independence.
The second German Naval Law calls for the Imperial German Navy to be doubled in size.
The White Rajahs territories become the British protectorate of Sarawak.
Trade unions are legalized in Canada.
Bear Flag Revolt begins: Anglo settlers in Sonoma, California, start a rebellion against Mexico and proclaim the California Republic.