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History Events on November 30

American Civil War
American Civil War: The Confederate Army of Tennessee suffers heavy losses in an attack on the Union Army of the Ohio in the Battle of Franklin.


Gary Ridgway
Gary Ridgway is apprehended and charged with four murders as the Green River Killer.


1872 Scotland v England football match
The first-ever international football match takes place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow, between Scotland and England.


Vietnam War
Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning American troop withdrawals from Vietnam because troop levels are now down to 27,000.


Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor
Emperor Otto II lifts the siege at Paris and withdraws. His rearguard is defeated while crossing the Aisne River by Frankish forces under King Lothair III.


Siege of Pensacola (1707)
The second Siege of Pensacola comes to end with the failure of the British to capture Pensacola, Florida.


American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris: In Paris, representatives from the United States and the Great Britain sign preliminary peace articles (later formalized as the 1783 Treaty of Paris).


Ilyushin Il-76
An Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane belonging to Aéro-Service, crashes into houses near Maya-Maya Airport during a thunderstorm, killing at least 32 people.


Folies Bergère
The Folies Bergère stages its first revue.


First Welland Canal
First Welland Canal opens for a trial run, five years to the day from the ground breaking.


Grand Duchy of Tuscany
The Grand Duchy of Tuscany, under Pietro Leopoldo I, becomes the first modern state to abolish the death penalty (later commemorated as Cities for Life Day).


New Orleans
In New Orleans, Spanish representatives officially transfer the Louisiana Territory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.


Costa Rica
Costa Rica signs the Buenos Aires Convention, a copyright treaty.


MS Achille Lauro
MS Achille Lauro catches fire off the coast of Somalia.


Charles XII of Sweden
A statue of King Charles XII of Sweden is inaugurated in Stockholm's Kungsträdgården.


Sylacauga, Alabama
In Sylacauga, Alabama, United States, the Hodges meteorite crashes through a roof and hits a woman taking an afternoon nap; this is the only documented case in the Western Hemisphere of a human being hit by a rock from space.


Pakistan Peoples Party
The Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who becomes its first chairman.


British Aerospace
British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merge to form BAE Systems, Europe's largest defense contractor and the fourth largest aerospace firm in the world.


World War II
World War II: Battle of Tassafaronga; A smaller squadron of Japanese destroyers led by Raiz? Tanaka defeats a U.S. cruiser force under Carleton H. Wright.


LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman
The LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman becomes the first steam locomotive to be authenticated as reaching 100 mph.


Barbados becomes independent from the United Kingdom.


In Seattle, United States, demonstrations against a World Trade Organization meeting by anti-globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies.


Cold War
Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe. (The meetings end inconclusively on December 17.)


Exxon and Mobil sign a US$73.7 billion agreement to merge, thus creating ExxonMobil, the world's largest company.


South Yemen
South Yemen becomes independent from the United Kingdom.


NASA launches STS-97, the 101st Space Shuttle mission.


Charles XII of Sweden
King Charles XII of Sweden dies during a siege of the fortress of Fredriksten in Norway.


Balmis Expedition
The Balmis Expedition starts in Spain with the aim of vaccinating millions against smallpox in Spanish America and Philippines.


Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson's sixth solo studio album, Thriller, is released worldwide, ultimately to become the best-selling record album in history.


Pahlavi dynasty
Iran seizes the Greater and Lesser Tunbs from the United Arab Emirates.


Crimean War
Crimean War: Battle of Sinop: The Imperial Russian Navy under Pavel Nakhimov destroys the Ottoman fleet under Osman Pasha at Sinop, a sea port in northern Turkey.


Democratic-Republican Party
The Democratic-Republican-controlled United States Senate begins an impeachment trial of Federalist Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase.


John Sentamu
John Sentamu becomes the first black archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York.


2018 Anchorage earthquake
A magnitude 7.0 earthquake with its epicenter only 15 miles from Anchorage, Alaska causes significant property damage but no deaths.


Bill Clinton
U.S. President Bill Clinton visits Northern Ireland and speaks in favour of the "Northern Ireland peace process" to a huge rally at Belfast City Hall; he calls terrorists "yesterday's men".


The Crystal Palace
In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed by fire.


Winter War
Winter War: Soviet forces cross the Finnish border in several places and bomb Helsinki and several other Finnish cities, starting the war.


Official end of Operation Desert Storm.
Pink Floyd's rock opera, The Wall is released.
Pro-Soviet communists in the Philippines establish Malayang Pagkakaisa ng Kabataan Pilipino as its new youth wing.
Edward Mutesa II, the kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda.
Civil War in Mandatory Palestine begins, leading up to the creation of the state of Israel.