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History Events on May 25

House of Commons of the United Kingdom
The House of Commons of the United Kingdom passes the Home Rule Bill for devolution in Ireland.


In Riyadh, the Gulf Cooperation Council is created between Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.


SpaceX Dragon
The SpaceX Dragon became the first commercial spacecraft to successfully rendezvous with the International Space Station.


Gilbert and Sullivan
Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera H.M.S. Pinafore opens at the Opera Comique in London.


Mobile, Alabama
In Mobile, Alabama, around 300 people are killed when an ordnance depot explodes.


Suspected Maoist rebels kill at least 28 people and injure 32 others in an attack on a convoy of Indian National Congress politicians in Chhattisgarh, India.


Chilean Constitution of 1833
The Chilean Constitution of 1833 is promulgated.


General Data Protection Regulation
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) becomes enforceable.


Argentine Constitution of 1819
The Argentine Constitution of 1819 is promulgated.


Erik Weihenmayer
Erik Weihenmayer becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest, in the Himalayas, with Dr. Sherman Bull.


Hands Across America
Hands Across America takes place.


Irish Rebellion of 1798
United Irishmen Rebellion: Battle of Carlow begins; executions of suspected rebels at Carnew and at Dunlavin Green take place.


The parliament of Transjordan makes Abdullah I of Jordan their Emir.


Apollo program
Apollo program: U.S. President John F. Kennedy announces before a special joint session of the Congress his goal to initiate a project to put a "man on the Moon" before the end of the decade.


Republic of Ireland
Ireland votes to repeal the Eight Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland, prohibiting abortion in all but a few cases, choosing to replace it with the Thirty-Sixth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland.


Bangladesh is hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge, which kills approximately 10,000 people.


World War II
World War II: The German 2nd Panzer Division captures the port of Boulogne-sur-Mer; the surrender of the last French and British troops marks the end of the Battle of Boulogne.


First ascent of Kangchenjunga (8,586 m.), the third-highest mountain in the world, by a British expedition led by Charles Evans. Joe Brown and George Band reached the summit on May 25, followed by Norman Hardie and Tony Streather the next day.


United States House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives releases the Cox Report which details the People's Republic of China's nuclear espionage against the U.S. over the prior two decades.


Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey airs her last show, ending her twenty-five-year run of The Oprah Winfrey Show.


Falklands War
Falklands War: HMS Coventry is sunk by Argentine Air Force A-4 Skyhawks.


May Revolution
May Revolution: Citizens of Buenos Aires expel Viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros during the May week, starting the Argentine War of Independence.


NASA's Phoenix lander lands in Green Valley region of Mars to search for environments suitable for water and microbial life.


Nuclear weapons testing
Nuclear weapons testing: At the Nevada Test Site, the United States conducts its first and only nuclear artillery test.


Richard Cromwell
Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth of England.


Gas cylinder
A gas cylinder explodes on a school bus in the Pakistani city of Gujrat, killing at least 18 people.


Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante kills 313 people.


John Spenkelink
John Spenkelink, a convicted murderer, was executed in Florida. He was the first person to be executed in Florida after capital punishment was reinstated in 1976.


Oscar Wilde
Playwright, poet, novelist and aesthete Oscar Wilde is convicted of "committing acts of gross indecency with other male persons" and sentenced to serve two years in prison.


Jesse Owens
Jesse Owens of Ohio State University breaks three world records and ties a fourth at the Big Ten Conference Track and Field Championships in Ann Arbor, Michigan.


North Korea
North Korea allegedly tests its second nuclear device. Following the nuclear test, Pyongyang also conducted several missile tests building tensions in the international community.


A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.


Republic of Formosa
The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Jingsong as its president.


Scopes Trial
Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes is indicted for teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in Tennessee.


China Airlines Flight 611
China Airlines Flight 611 disintegrates in mid-air and crashes into the Taiwan Strait. All 225 people on board are killed.


Charles II of England
Charles II lands at Dover at the invitation of the Convention Parliament (England), which marks the end of the Cromwell-proclaimed Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland and begins the Restoration (1660) of the British monarchy.


Diet of Worms
The Diet of Worms ends when Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, issues the Edict of Worms, declaring Martin Luther an outlaw.


Constitutional Convention (United States)
After a delay of 11 days, the United States Constitutional Convention formally convenes in Philadelphia after a quorum of seven states is secured.


Gateway Arch
The Gateway Arch in Saint Louis is dedicated.


William Shakespeare
Chinese government removes a decade old ban on William Shakespeare's work, effectively ending the Cultural Revolution started in 1966.


Addis Ababa
In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the Organisation of African Unity is established.


Ming dynasty
Ming general Wu Sangui forms an alliance with the invading Manchus and opens the gates of the Great Wall of China at Shanhaiguan pass, letting the Manchus through towards the capital Beijing.


Liberation Day of Lebanon. Israel withdraws its army from Lebanese territory (except for the disputed Shebaa farms zone) 22 years after its invasion in 1978.
A military coup in Sierra Leone replaces President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah with Major Johnny Paul Koroma.
American Airlines Flight 191: In Chicago, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 crashes during takeoff at O'Hare International Airport killing all 271 on board and two people on the ground.
The first bomb of a series of bombings orchestrated by the Unabomber detonates at Northwestern University resulting in minor injuries.
Star Wars is released in theaters.
Velos, while participating in a NATO exercise and in order to protest against the dictatorship in Greece, anchored at Fiumicino, Italy, refusing to return to Greece.
Explorer program: Explorer 32 launches.
In the United States, a night-time F5 tornado strikes the small city of Udall, Kansas, killing 80 and injuring 273. It is the deadliest tornado to ever occur in the state and the 23rd deadliest in the U.S.
The first public television station in the United States officially begins broadcasting as KUHT from the campus of the University of Houston.
Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the government of the Ukrainian People's Republic, which is in government-in-exile in Paris.
The Rebels of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for governmental reforms.
Chuquisaca Revolution: Patriot revolt in Chuquisaca (modern day Sucre) against the Spanish Empire, sparking the Latin American wars of independence.
Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ.
Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain, back from the Moors.
First recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
Servius Tullius, the king of Rome, celebrates a triumph for his victory over the Etruscans.