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History Events on November 22

In Nigeria, more than 100 people are killed at an attack aimed at the contestants of the Miss World contest.


The first duke of Brittany, Nominoe, defeats the Frankish king Charles the Bald at the Battle of Ballon near Redon.


Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany.


John F. Kennedy
U.S. President John F. Kennedy is assassinated and Texas Governor John Connally is seriously wounded by Lee Harvey Oswald, who also killed Dallas Police officer J. D. Tippit after fleeing the scene. U.S Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as the 36th President of the United States afterwards.


Dutch Formosa
Dutch colonial forces on Taiwan launch a pacification campaign against native villages, resulting in Dutch control of the middle and south of the island.


Sega Saturn
The Sega Saturn is released in Japan.


Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson from Brooklyn, New York becomes the youngest heavyweight champion in boxing history at age 20.


The Beatles
The Beatles release The Beatles (known popularly as The White Album).


2003 Baghdad DHL attempted shootdown incident
Baghdad DHL attempted shootdown incident: Shortly after takeoff, a DHL Express cargo plane is struck on the left wing by a surface-to-air missile and forced to land.


William Clay Ford Sr.
William Clay Ford Sr. buys the Detroit Lions for $4.5 million.


American Civil War
American Civil War: John Bell Hood begins the Franklin-Nashville Campaign in an unsuccessful attempt to draw William Tecumseh Sherman back out of Georgia.


Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War: Elements of the Chinese Communist Second Field Army under Liu Bocheng trap the Nationalist 12th Army, beginning the Shuangduiji Campaign, the largest engagement of the Huaihai Campaign.


Congress of Manastir
The Congress of Manastir establishes the Albanian alphabet.


A landslide in Hpakant, Kachin State, northern Myanmar killed at least 116 people near a jade mine, with around 100 more missing.


In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched and is one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving today.


World War II
World War II: Following the initial Italian invasion, Greek troops counterattack into Italian-occupied Albania and capture Korytsa.


Maurice Ravel
The premier performance of Ravel's Boléro takes place in Paris.


Battle of Stalingrad
World War II: Battle of Stalingrad: General Friedrich Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th Army is surrounded.


United States Air Force Plant 42
In Palmdale, California, the first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is revealed.


The Beatles
The Beatles release With the Beatles.


William Lyon Mackenzie
Canadian journalist and politician William Lyon Mackenzie calls for a rebellion against the United Kingdom in his essay "To the People of Upper Canada", published in his newspaper The Constitution.


Ceasefire begins between Hamas in the Gaza Strip and Israel after eight days of violence and 150 deaths.


Butt fumble
The butt fumble takes place in an NFL game when New York Jets quarterback Mark Sanchez ran into his offensive lineman, Brandon Moore on a QB draw and fumbled the ball. It was picked up by New England Patriots strong safety Steve Gregory and was ran back for a touchdown. The Jets lost to New England 49-19.


Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher withdraws from the Conservative Party leadership election, confirming the end of her Prime-Ministership.


China Clipper
The China Clipper inaugurates the first commercial transpacific air service, connecting Alameda, California with Manila.


In West Beirut, a bomb explodes near the motorcade of Lebanese President René Moawad, killing him.


Orange Revolution
The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections.


2003 Rugby World Cup Final
England defeat Australia in the 2003 Rugby World Cup Final, becoming the first side from the Northern Hemisphere to win the tournament.


Lebanon gains independence from France.


Cairo Conference
World War II: Cairo Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese Premier Chiang Kai-shek meet in Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan.


Pope Clement V
Pope Clement V issues the papal bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets.


United Nations Security Council Resolution 242
UN Security Council Resolution 242 is adopted, establishing a set of the principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab-Israeli peace settlement.


1995 Gulf of Aqaba earthquake
The 7.3 Mw? Gulf of Aqaba earthquake shakes the Sinai Peninsula and Saudi Arabia region with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing eight and injuring 30, and generating a non-destructive tsunami.


North Carolina
Off the coast of North Carolina, British pirate Edward Teach (best known as "Blackbeard") is killed in battle with a boarding party led by Royal Navy Lieutenant Robert Maynard.


United Nations General Assembly
The United Nations General Assembly grants the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status.


SS Ville du Havre
The French steamer SS Ville du Havre sinks in 12 minutes after colliding with the Scottish iron clipper Loch Earn in the Atlantic, with a loss of 226 lives.


Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.
Two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom.
British Airways inaugurates a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service.
Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of Francisco Franco.
The Italian Fascist organization Ordine Nuovo is disbanded.
In Britain's worst mountaineering tragedy, the Cairngorm Plateau Disaster, five children and one of their leaders are found dead from exposure in the Scottish mountains.
The Summer Olympics officially known as the games of the XVI Olympiad were opened in Melbourne, Australia.
The Humane Society of the United States is founded.
Al-Mina'a SC is founded in Iraq.
Spanish navigator Juan Fernández discovers islands now known as the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.
After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected Pope in the Lateran Palace, while Laurentius is elected Pope in Santa Maria Maggiore.