History Events on September 25
An explosion of badly degraded propellant charges on board the French battleship Liberté detonates the forward ammunition magazines and destroys the ship.
Ottoman Emperor Bayezid I defeats a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis.
PSA Flight 182, a Boeing 727, collides in mid-air with a Cessna 172 and crashes in San Diego, killing 144 people.
The Teton Sioux (a subdivision of the Lakota) demand one of the boats from the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a toll for allowing the expedition to move further upriver.
The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is formally proclaimed. Ferhat Abbas is elected President of the provisional government.
TAT-1, the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, is inaugurated.
NASA launches the Mars Observer. Eleven months later, the probe would fail while preparing for orbital insertion.
In the Battle of Stamford Bridge, Harald Hardrada, the invading King of Norway, is defeated by King Harold II of England.
Bill Cosby is sentenced to three to ten years in prison.
The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevsky is shipwrecked off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia.
Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa reaches what would become known as the Pacific Ocean.
Dr. Frank Jobe performs first ulnar collateral ligament replacement surgery (better known as Tommy John surgery) on baseball player Tommy John.
Second Sino-Japanese War: The Chinese Eighth Route Army gains a minor, but morale-boosting victory in the Battle of Pingxingguan.
The 8.3 Mw? Hokkaid? earthquake strikes just offshore Hokkaid?, Japan.
The charter establishing the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is signed.
The international Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery is first signed.
American Revolution: Ethan Allen surrenders to British forces after attempting to capture Montreal during the Battle of Longue-Pointe.
Leonardo Torres y Quevedo demonstrates the Telekino, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered to be the first use of a remote control.
The Peace of Augsburg is signed by Emperor Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League.
The United States Congress passes twelve constitutional amendments: the ten known as the Bill of Rights, the (unratified) Congressional Apportionment Amendment, and the Congressional Compensation Amendment.
The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
World War I: The Second Battle of Champagne begins.
Belize joins the United Nations.
Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, is integrated by the use of United States Army troops.
The Mozambican War of Independence against Portugal begins.
For the last time, the Roman Senate chooses an emperor; they elect 75-year-old Marcus Claudius Tacitus.
The United States Congress establishes Sequoia National Park.
American Revolution: Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec sets off.
The North Yemen Civil War begins when Abdullah al-Sallal dethrones the newly crowned Imam al-Badr and declares Yemen a republic under his presidency.
Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, the first newspaper to appear in the Americas, is published for the first and only time.