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History Events on September 25

French battleship Liberté
An explosion of badly degraded propellant charges on board the French battleship Liberté detonates the forward ammunition magazines and destroys the ship.


Battle of Nicopolis
Ottoman Emperor Bayezid I defeats a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis.


PSA Flight 182
PSA Flight 182, a Boeing 727, collides in mid-air with a Cessna 172 and crashes in San Diego, killing 144 people.


Lewis and Clark Expedition
The Teton Sioux (a subdivision of the Lakota) demand one of the boats from the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a toll for allowing the expedition to move further upriver.


Ferhat Abbas
The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is formally proclaimed. Ferhat Abbas is elected President of the provisional government.


TAT-1, the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, is inaugurated.


Mars Observer
NASA launches the Mars Observer. Eleven months later, the probe would fail while preparing for orbital insertion.


Battle of Stamford Bridge
In the Battle of Stamford Bridge, Harald Hardrada, the invading King of Norway, is defeated by King Harold II of England.


Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby is sentenced to three to ten years in prison.


Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia
The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevsky is shipwrecked off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia.


Vasco Núñez de Balboa
Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa reaches what would become known as the Pacific Ocean.


Frank Jobe
Dr. Frank Jobe performs first ulnar collateral ligament replacement surgery (better known as Tommy John surgery) on baseball player Tommy John.


Battle of Pingxingguan
Second Sino-Japanese War: The Chinese Eighth Route Army gains a minor, but morale-boosting victory in the Battle of Pingxingguan.


2003 Hokkaid? earthquake
The 8.3 Mw? Hokkaid? earthquake strikes just offshore Hokkaid?, Japan.


Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
The charter establishing the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is signed.


1926 Slavery Convention
The international Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery is first signed.


American Revolution
American Revolution: Ethan Allen surrenders to British forces after attempting to capture Montreal during the Battle of Longue-Pointe.


Leonardo Torres y Quevedo
Leonardo Torres y Quevedo demonstrates the Telekino, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered to be the first use of a remote control.


Peace of Augsburg
The Peace of Augsburg is signed by Emperor Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League.


United States Bill of Rights
The United States Congress passes twelve constitutional amendments: the ten known as the Bill of Rights, the (unratified) Congressional Apportionment Amendment, and the Congressional Compensation Amendment.


Royal Jordanian Air Force
The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.


Second Battle of Champagne
World War I: The Second Battle of Champagne begins.


Belize joins the United Nations.


Little Rock Central High School
Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, is integrated by the use of United States Army troops.


Mozambican War of Independence
The Mozambican War of Independence against Portugal begins.


Marcus Claudius Tacitus
For the last time, the Roman Senate chooses an emperor; they elect 75-year-old Marcus Claudius Tacitus.


Sequoia National Park
The United States Congress establishes Sequoia National Park.


Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec
American Revolution: Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec sets off.


North Yemen Civil War
The North Yemen Civil War begins when Abdullah al-Sallal dethrones the newly crowned Imam al-Badr and declares Yemen a republic under his presidency.


Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick
Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, the first newspaper to appear in the Americas, is published for the first and only time.


Thirty-eight IRA prisoners, armed with six handguns, hijack a prison meals lorry and smash their way out of the Maze Prison.
About 4,200 people take part in the first running of the Chicago Marathon.
Lord Denning releases the UK government's official report on the Profumo affair.
Solomon Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, is mortally wounded by a Buddhist monk, Talduwe Somarama, and dies the next day.
World War II: Surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division withdraw from Arnhem via Oosterbeek.
Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City.
Four Great Anhui Troupes introduce Anhui opera to Beijing in honor of the Qianlong Emperor's eightieth birthday.
England and Scotland sign the Treaty of York, establishing the location of their common border.
Led by Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, the Hasanid branch of the Alids begins the Alid Revolt against the Abbasid Caliphate.