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History Events on November 25


French and Indian War
French and Indian War: British forces capture Fort Duquesne from French control. Later, Fort Pitt will be built nearby and grow into modern Pittsburgh.

#French_and_Indian_War

2009 Jeddah floods
Jeddah floods: Freak rains swamp the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, during an ongoing Hajj pilgrimage. Three thousand cars are swept away and 122 people perish in the torrents, with 350 others missing.

#2009_Jeddah_floods

Ferdinand VI of Spain
King Ferdinand VI of Spain grants royal protection to the Beaterio de la Compañia de Jesus, now known as the Congregation of the Religious of the Virgin Mary.

#Ferdinand_VI_of_Spain

Notting Hill
Thirty-six top musicians gather in a Notting Hill studio and record Band Aid's "Do They Know It's Christmas?" in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.

#Notting_Hill

Vojvodina
Vojvodina, formerly Austro-Hungarian crown land, proclaims its secession from Austria-Hungary to join the Kingdom of Serbia.

#Vojvodina

John F. Kennedy
President John F. Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C.

#John_F._Kennedy

Partitions of Poland
Partitions of Poland: Stanis?aw August Poniatowski, the last king of independent Poland, is forced to abdicate and is exiled to Russia.

#Partitions_of_Poland

Yukio Mishima
In Japan, author Yukio Mishima and one compatriot commit ritualistic seppuku after an unsuccessful coup attempt.

#Yukio_Mishima

Korean War
Korean War: After 42 days of fighting, the Battle of Triangle Hill ends with Chinese victory, American and South Korean units abandon their attempt to capture the "Iron Triangle".

#Korean_War

Near East earthquakes of 1759
An earthquake hits the Mediterranean destroying Beirut and Damascus and killing 30,000-40,000.

#Near_East_earthquakes_of_1759

Trunajaya rebellion
Trunajaya rebellion: After a long and logistically challenging march, the allied Mataram and Dutch troops successfully assaulted the rebel stronghold of Kediri.

#Trunajaya_rebellion

American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

#American_Revolutionary_War

Statute of Westminster 1931
New Zealand ratifies the Statute of Westminster and thus becomes independent of legislative control by the United Kingdom.

#Statute_of_Westminster_1931

Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein presents the field equations of general relativity to the Prussian Academy of Sciences.

#Albert_Einstein

American Indian Wars
American Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack the sleeping village of Cheyenne Chief Dull Knife at the headwaters of the Powder River.

#American_Indian_Wars

Typhoon Nina (1987)
Typhoon Nina pummels the Philippines with category 5 winds of 165 mph and a surge that destroys entire villages. At least 1,036 deaths are attributed to the storm.

#Typhoon_Nina_(1987)

Lee Harvey Oswald
Lee Harvey Oswald is buried in Fort Worth, Texas.

#Lee_Harvey_Oswald

Baldwin IV of Jerusalem
Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Châtillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard.

#Baldwin_IV_of_Jerusalem

Portuguese conquest of Goa
Portuguese conquest of Goa: Portuguese naval forces under the command of Afonso de Albuquerque, and local mercenaries working for privateer Timoji, seize Goa from the Bijapur Sultanate, resulting in 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule.

#Portuguese_conquest_of_Goa

HMS Barham (04)
HMS Barham is sunk by a German torpedo during World War II.

#HMS_Barham_(04)

World War II
World War II: First flights of both the de Havilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.

#World_War_II

Cyclone Nisha (2008)
Cyclone Nisha strikes northern Sri Lanka, killing 15 people and displacing 90,000 others while dealing the region the highest rainfall in nine decades.

#Cyclone_Nisha_(2008)

Bosnia and Herzegovina
World War II: Statehood of Bosnia and Herzegovina is re-established at the State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

#Bosnia_and_Herzegovina

Haakon VII of Norway
Prince Carl of Denmark arrives in Norway to become King Haakon VII of Norway.

#Haakon_VII_of_Norway

1667 Shamakhi earthquake
A deadly earthquake rocks Shemakha in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people.

#1667_Shamakhi_earthquake

White Ship
The White Ship sinks in the English Channel, drowning William Adelin, son and heir of Henry I of England.

#White_Ship

1833 Sumatra earthquake
A massive undersea earthquake, estimated magnitude between 8.7-9.2, rocks Sumatra, producing a massive tsunami all along the Indonesian coast.

#1833_Sumatra_earthquake

Iran-Contra affair
Iran-Contra affair: U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese announces that profits from covert weapons sales to Iran were illegally diverted to the anti-communist Contra rebels in Nicaragua.

#Iran-Contra_affair

Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II appoints Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger (the future Pope Benedict XVI) Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

#Pope_John_Paul_II

Servius Tullius
Servius Tullius, king of Rome, celebrates a triumph for his victory over the Etruscans.

#Servius_Tullius

Tsunami
A tsunami, caused by an earthquake in the Tyrrhenian Sea, devastates Naples and the Maritime Republic of Amalfi, among other places.

#Tsunami

World War I
World War I: German forces defeat Portuguese army of about 1,200 at Negomano on the border of modern-day Mozambique and Tanzania.

#World_War_I

Ice storm
An ice storm strikes the central U.S., killing 26 people. A powerful windstorm affects Florida and winds gust over 90 mph, toppling trees and flipping trailers.

#Ice_storm

Georgios Papadopoulos
Georgios Papadopoulos, head of the military Regime of the Colonels in Greece, is ousted in a hardliners' coup led by Brigadier General Dimitrios Ioannidis.

#Georgios_Papadopoulos

Berlin
In Berlin, Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, agreeing to consult on measures "to safeguard their common interests" in the case of an unprovoked attack by the Soviet Union against either nation. The pact is renewed on the same day five years later with additional signatories.

#Berlin

King Fahd Causeway
The King Fahd Causeway is officially opened in the Persian Gulf.

#King_Fahd_Causeway

American Civil War
American Civil War: Battle of Missionary Ridge: At Missionary Ridge in Tennessee, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant break the Siege of Chattanooga by routing Confederate troops under General Braxton Bragg.

#American_Civil_War

Mirabal sisters
The Mirabal sisters of the Dominican Republic are assassinated.

#Mirabal_sisters

French Sudan
French Sudan gains autonomy as a self-governing member of the French Community.

#French_Sudan

2000 Baku earthquake
The 2000 Baku earthquake, with a Richter magnitude of 7.0, leaves 26 people dead in Baku, Azerbaijan, and becomes the strongest earthquake in the region in 158 years.

#2000_Baku_earthquake

Agatha Christie
Agatha Christie's murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens at the Ambassadors Theatre in London. It will become the longest continuously-running play in history.

#Agatha_Christie

Suriname
Suriname gains independence from the Netherlands.

#Suriname

Elizabeth of York
Elizabeth of York is crowned Queen of England. The new consort of King Henry VII travelled by barge from Greenwich to the Tower of London, whence she processed the day before the ceremony to the royal palace, and on to Westminster Abbey for her coronation, which was conducted by John Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury.

#Elizabeth_of_York

Greek frigate Hellas
The Greek frigate Hellas arrives in Nafplion to become the first flagship of the Hellenic Navy.

#Greek_frigate_Hellas

A 5-year-old Cuban boy, Elian Gonzalez, is rescued by fishermen while floating in an inner tube off the Florida coast.
The Federal Assembly of Czechoslovakia votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, with effect from January 1, 1993.
Former Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr., is found guilty by the Philippine Military Commission No. 2 and is sentenced to death by firing squad. He is later assassinated in 1983.
First television link between Australia and the UK.
The Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950 impacts 22 American states, killing 353 people, injuring over 160, and causing US$66.7 million in damages (1950 dollars).
Red Scare: The "Hollywood Ten" are blacklisted by Hollywood movie studios.
The deadliest November tornado outbreak in U.S. history kills 76 people and injures more than 400.
The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
American Civil War: A group of Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan starts fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuccessful attempt to burn down New York City.
A cyclone slams into south-eastern India, with high winds and a 40-foot storm surge destroying the port city of Coringa (which has never been completely rebuilt). The storm wave swept inland, taking with it 20,000 ships and thousands of people. An estimated 300,000 deaths resulted from the disaster.
The siege of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, ends with the Treaty of Granada.
Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots, dies. His grandson, Donnchad, son of Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.