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History Events on November 20


Mexican Revolution
Mexican Revolution: Francisco I. Madero issues the Plan de San Luis Potosí, denouncing Mexican President Porfirio Díaz, calling for a revolution to overthrow the government of Mexico, effectively starting the Mexican Revolution.

#Mexican_Revolution

Elizabeth II
The Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, who becomes the Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey in London.

#Elizabeth_II

Boeing 747
The first fatal crash of a Boeing 747 occurs when Lufthansa Flight 540 crashes while attempting to takeoff from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, Kenya, killing 59 out of the 157 people on board.

#Boeing_747

World War I
World War I: Battle of Cambrai begins: British forces make early progress in an attack on German positions but are later pushed back.

#World_War_I

Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata
Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata: Battle of Vuelta de Obligado.

#Anglo-French_blockade_of_the_Río_de_la_Plata

Vietnam War
Vietnam War: The Plain Dealer publishes explicit photographs of dead villagers from the My Lai Massacre in Vietnam.

#Vietnam_War

Occupation of Alcatraz
Occupation of Alcatraz: Native American activists seize control of Alcatraz Island until being ousted by the U.S. Government on June 11, 1971.

#Occupation_of_Alcatraz

American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War: British forces land at the Palisades and then attack Fort Lee. The Continental Army starts to retreat across New Jersey.

#American_Revolutionary_War

Battle of Tarawa
World War II: Battle of Tarawa (Operation Galvanic) begins: United States Marines land on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands and suffer heavy fire from Japanese shore guns and machine guns.

#Battle_of_Tarawa

Farmington Mine disaster
A total of 78 miners are killed in an explosion at the Consolidated Coal Company's No. 9 mine in Farmington, West Virginia in the Farmington Mine disaster.

#Farmington_Mine_disaster

Georgia Dome
The Georgia Dome in Atlanta is imploded.

#Georgia_Dome

Egypt
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.

#Egypt

Azerbaijan
An Azerbaijani MI-8 helicopter carrying 19 peacekeeping mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan is shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend District of Azerbaijan.

#Azerbaijan

Battle of Porto Bello
Start of the Battle of Porto Bello between British and Spanish forces during the War of Jenkins' Ear.

#Battle_of_Porto_Bello

Microsoft
Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.

#Microsoft

Lake Peigneur
Lake Peigneur drains into an underlying salt deposit. A misplaced Texaco oil probe had been drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Mine, causing water to flow down into the mine, eroding the edges of the hole.

#Lake_Peigneur

Grand Mosque seizure
Grand Mosque seizure: About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages. The Saudi government receives help from Pakistani special forces to put down the uprising.

#Grand_Mosque_seizure

Angola
The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war. (Localized fighting resumes the next year.)

#Angola

2015 Bamako hotel attack
Following a hostage siege, at least 19 people are killed in Bamako, Mali.

#2015_Bamako_hotel_attack

John the Fearless
A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed upon under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.

#John_the_Fearless

Ludwig van Beethoven
Beethoven's only opera, Fidelio, premieres in Vienna.

#Ludwig_van_Beethoven

United States Department of Justice
The United States Department of Justice files its final anti-trust suit against AT&T Corporation. This suit later leads to the breakup of AT&T and its Bell System.

#United_States_Department_of_Justice

Zumbi
Zumbi, the last of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil, is executed by the forces of Portuguese bandeirante Domingos Jorge Velho - an event nowadays commemorated in Black Awareness Day.

#Zumbi

Palermo
Palermo is conquered by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.

#Palermo

Taliban
A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.

#Taliban

Declaration of the Rights of the Child
The Declaration of the Rights of the Child is adopted by the United Nations.

#Declaration_of_the_Rights_of_the_Child

Nuremberg trials
Nuremberg trials: Trials against 24 Nazi war criminals start at the Palace of Justice at Nuremberg.

#Nuremberg_trials

American Civil War
American Civil War: A secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government.

#American_Civil_War

Sperm whale
An 80-ton sperm whale attacks and sinks the Essex (a whaling ship from Nantucket, Massachusetts) 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America. (Herman Melville's 1851 novel Moby-Dick is in part inspired by this story.)

#Sperm_whale

Velvet Revolution
Velvet Revolution: The number of protesters assembled in Prague, Czechoslovakia swells from 200,000 the day before to an estimated half-million.

#Velvet_Revolution

World War II
World War II: Hungary becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers.

#World_War_II

Diocletian
Diocletian is chosen as Roman emperor.

#Diocletian

José Antonio Primo de Rivera
José Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange, is killed by a republican execution squad.

#José_Antonio_Primo_de_Rivera

1992 Windsor Castle fire
In England, a fire breaks out in Windsor Castle, badly damaging the castle and causing over £50 million worth of damage.

#1992_Windsor_Castle_fire

Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis ends: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation.

#Cuban_Missile_Crisis

Zarya
Zarya - the first space station module component for the International Space Station was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

#Zarya

New Jersey
New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights.

#New_Jersey

After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.
A fire breaks out in an office building in Hong Kong, killing 41 people and injuring 81.
Savings and loan crisis: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating.
Andrei Chikatilo, one of the Soviet Union's most prolific serial killers, is arrested; he eventually confesses to 56 killings.
The Peace of Cremona ends the war between the Republic of Venice and the Duchy of Milan.
During the An Shi Rebellion, the Tang dynasty, with the help of Huihe tribe, recaptures Luoyang from the rebels.