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History Events on November 15

American Civil War
American Civil War: Union General William Tecumseh Sherman begins Sherman's March to the Sea.


Battle of Morgarten
Battle of Morgarten: The Schweizer Eidgenossenschaft ambushes the army of Leopold I.


Georgetown University
The first U.S. Catholic college, Georgetown University, opens its doors.


Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill resigns from the Government, and soon commands the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers on the Western Front.


Boeing 727
A Boeing 727 carrying Pan Am Flight 708 crashes near Berlin, Germany, killing all three people on board.


Space Shuttle program
Space Shuttle program: Space Shuttle Atlantis launches with flight STS-38.


Battle of Zsibó
Battle of Zsibó: Austrian-Danish victory over the Kurucs (Hungarians).


Franklin D. Roosevelt
In Washington, D.C., US President Franklin D. Roosevelt lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial.


Thailand has its first election.


Justin II
Justin II succeeds his uncle, Justinian I, as emperor of the Byzantine Empire.


2003 Istanbul bombings
The first day of the 2003 Istanbul bombings, in which two car bombs, targeting two synagogues, explode, killing 25 people and wounding about 300.


Francisco Pizarro
Commanded by Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistadors under Hernando de Soto meet Inca Empire leader Atahualpa for the first time outside Cajamarca, arranging a meeting on the city plaza the following day.


Nikos Beloyannis
Greek resistance leader Nikos Beloyannis, along with 11 resistance members, is sentenced to death by the court-martial.


Intel releases the world's first commercial single-chip microprocessor, the 4004.


The Holocaust
The Holocaust: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies are to be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps"


People's Republic of Bulgaria
The Communist People's Republic of Bulgaria is disestablished and a new republican government is instituted.


In Bra?ov, Romania, workers rebel against the communist regime of Nicolae Ceau?escu.


Battle of the Winwaed
Battle of the Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria.


Northern Cyprus
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus declared independence. Recognized only by Turkey.


Soviet Union
In the Soviet Union, the unmanned Shuttle Buran makes its only space flight.


Nathuram Godse
Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi.


Royal National Lifeboat Institution
The RNLI lifeboat Mary Stanford capsized in Rye Harbour with the loss of the entire 17-man crew.


World War II
World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in a decisive Allied victory.


Vietnam War
Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 250,000-500,000 protesters staged a peaceful demonstration against the war, including a symbolic "March Against Death".


Cold War
Cold War: The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea.


Saint Petersburg Metro
The first part of Saint Petersburg Metro is opened.


Ted Kaczynski
A package from Unabomber Ted Kaczynski begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, D.C., forcing the plane to make an emergency landing.


René Lévesque
René Lévesque and the Parti Québécois take power to become the first Quebec government of the 20th century clearly in favor of independence.


Castellania (Valletta)
The secondly-built Castellania in Valletta is officially inaugurated with the blessing of the interior Chapel of Sorrows.


North American X-15
The only fatality of the North American X-15 program occurs during the 191st flight when Air Force test pilot Michael J. Adams loses control of his aircraft which is destroyed mid-air over the Mojave Desert.


Anglo-Irish Agreement
The Anglo-Irish Agreement is signed at Hillsborough Castle by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald.


Holcomb, Kansas
The murders of the Clutter Family in Holcomb, Kansas were discovered, inspiring Truman Capote's non-fiction book In Cold Blood.


Francisco Pizarro
Francisco Pizarro arrives in Cuzco, the capital of the Inca Empire.


American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War: After 16 months of debate the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation.


Project Gemini
Project Gemini: Gemini 12 completes the program's final mission, when it splashes down safely in the Atlantic Ocean.


Free City of Danzig
The Free City of Danzig is established.


Cyclone Sidr
Cyclone Sidr hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5,000 people and destroying parts of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans.


League of Nations
First assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva, Switzerland.


Brazil is declared a republic by Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca as Emperor Pedro II is deposed in a military coup.


Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and a new seven-member Politburo Standing Committee is inaugurated.


Antonov An-24
A chartered Antonov An-24 crashes after takeoff from Luanda, Angola, killing more than 40 people.


Hu Jintao
Hu Jintao becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and a new nine-member Politburo Standing Committee is inaugurated.


Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Israeli-Palestinian conflict: An independent State of Palestine is proclaimed by the Palestinian National Council.


Douglas DC-8
A chartered Douglas DC-8 crashes near Colombo, Sri Lanka, killing 183.


Hong Kong's High Court bans elected politicians Yau Wai-ching and Baggio Leung from the city's Parliament.
Al Jazeera English launches worldwide.
The first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, is launched in the Netherlands.
A research assistant is injured when a package from the Unabomber addressed to a University of Michigan professor explodes.
The Cleveland Transit System becomes the first transit system in the western hemisphere to provide direct rapid transit service from a city's downtown to its major airport.
The NBC radio network opens with 24 stations.
Over 1,000 are massacred during a general strike in Guayaquil, Ecuador.
Harry Turner becomes the first player to die from game-related injuries in the "Ohio League", the direct predecessor to the National Football League.
Pike expedition: Lieutenant Zebulon Pike sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains. (It is later named Pikes Peak.)