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History Events on March 31

1958 Canadian federal election
In the Canadian federal election, the Progressive Conservatives, led by John Diefenbaker, win the largest percentage of seats in Canadian history, with 208 seats of 265.


Malolos, capital of the First Philippine Republic, is captured by American forces.


2018 Armenian revolution
Start of the 2018 Armenian revolution


United States
The United States takes possession of the Danish West Indies after paying $25 million to Denmark, and renames the territory the United States Virgin Islands.


1931 Nicaragua earthquake
An earthquake in Nicaragua destroys Managua; killing 2,000.


Civilian Conservation Corps
The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment in the United States.


TAROM Flight 371
TAROM Flight 371, an Airbus A310-300, crashes near Balotesti, Romania, killing all 60 people on board.


Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad
The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad operates its final train after being ordered to liquidate its assets because of bankruptcy and debts owed to creditors.


President of the United States
American President Lyndon B. Johnson speaks to the nation of "Steps to Limit the War in Vietnam" in a television address. At the conclusion of his speech, he announces: "I shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your President."


Olímpio Mourão Filho
Brazilian General Olímpio Mourão Filho orders his troops to move towards Rio de Janeiro, beginning the coup d'état.


Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time goes into effect in the United States for the first time.


National Collegiate Athletic Association
The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (later the National Collegiate Athletic Association) is established to set rules for college sports in the United States.


Isabella I of Castile
Queen Isabella of Castile issues the Alhambra Decree, ordering her 150,000 Jewish and Muslim subjects to convert to Christianity or face expulsion.


San Cristóbal, Táchira
The city of San Cristóbal, Táchira is founded.


Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower is officially opened.


Chios massacre
The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following an attempted rebellion, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.


Nazi Germany
World War II: A defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1, the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft, to the Americans, the first to fall into Allied hands.


1931 Transcontinental & Western Air Fokker F-10 crash
A Transcontinental & Western Air airliner crashes near Bazaar, Kansas, killing eight, including University of Notre Dame head football coach Knute Rockne.


The Vienna Concert Society rioted during a performance of modernist music by Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, Alexander von Zemlinsky, and Anton von Webern, causing a premature end to the concert due to violence; this concert became known as the Skandalkonzert.


1991 Georgian independence referendum
1991 Georgian independence referendum: Nearly 99 percent of the voters support the country's independence from the Soviet Union.


Dominion of Newfoundland
The Dominion of Newfoundland joins the Canadian Confederation and becomes the 10th Province of Canada.


USS Missouri (BB-63)
The USS Missouri, the last active United States Navy battleship, is decommissioned in Long Beach, California.


Explorer 1
Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit.


Bernard of Clairvaux
Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.


1957 Upper Voltan Territorial Assembly election
Elections to the Territorial Assembly of the French colony Upper Volta are held. After the elections PDU and MDV form a government.


American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain orders the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed pursuant to the Boston Port Act.


Soviet Union
The Soviet Union launches Luna 10 which later becomes the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.


The first WrestleMania, the biggest wrestling event from the WWE (then the WWF), takes place in Madison Square Garden in New York City.


Motion Picture Production Code
The Motion Picture Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film, in the U.S., for the next thirty-eight years.


United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
The United Kingdom establishes the Bechuanaland Protectorate.


March Days
Massacre of ethnic Azerbaijanis is committed by allied armed groups of Armenian Revolutionary Federation and Bolsheviks. Nearly 12,000 Azerbaijani Muslims are killed.


14th Dalai Lama
The 14th Dalai Lama, crosses the border into India and is granted political asylum.


A sermon on "The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ" by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, preached in the presence of King George I of Great Britain, provokes the Bangorian Controversy.


World War II
World War II: Japanese forces invade Christmas Island, then a British possession.


Royal Australian Air Force
The Royal Australian Air Force is formed.


Serbia accepts Austrian control over Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Iraq War in Anbar Province: In Fallujah, Iraq, four American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed after being ambushed.
Netscape releases Mozilla source code under an open source license.
Selena is murdered by her fan club's president Yolanda Saldívar at a Days Inn in Corpus Christi, Texas after accusations of Saldívar embezzling money from Selena's fan club.
The Treaty of Federation is signed in Moscow.
Approximately 200,000 protesters take to the streets of London to protest against the newly introduced Poll Tax.
Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.
Commodore Matthew Perry signs the Convention of Kanagawa with the Tokugawa Shogunate, opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade.
After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Maximian.