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History Events on March 30

March Days
Outburst of bloody March Events in Baku and other locations of Baku Governorate.


Treaty of Paris (1856)
The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Crimean War.


Joachim Murat
Joachim Murat issues the Rimini Proclamation which would later inspire Italian unification.


Texas is readmitted to the United States Congress following Reconstruction.


Easter Offensive
Vietnam War: The Easter Offensive begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam.


Edward I of England
Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.


Heinkel He 100
The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets a world airspeed record of 463 mph (745 km/h).


Guru Gobind Singh
Guru Gobind Singh establishes the Khalsa in Anandpur Sahib, Punjab.


Origins of the American Civil War
Origins of the American Civil War: "Border Ruffians" from Missouri invade Kansas and force election of a pro-slavery legislature.


The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers.


Soviet Union
World War II: Soviet forces invade Austria and capture Vienna; Polish and Soviet forces liberate Danzig.


George I of Greece
Danish prince Wilhelm Georg is chosen as King George of Greece.


Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Israeli-Palestinian conflict: in the first organized response against Israeli policies by a Palestinian collective since 1948, Palestinians create the first Land Day.


Cold War
Cold War: A riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joins NATO.


Ronald Reagan
U.S. President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C., hotel by John Hinckley, Jr.; three others are wounded in the same incident.


Diethyl ether
Ether anesthesia is used for the first time, in an operation by the American surgeon Dr. Crawford Long.


Augustin-Jean Fresnel
Physicist Augustin Fresnel reads a memoir on optical rotation to the French Academy of Sciences, reporting that when polarized light is "depolarized" by a Fresnel rhomb, its properties are preserved in any subsequent passage through an optically-rotating crystal or liquid.


Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs
The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed in New York City.


Space Shuttle program
Space Shuttle program: STS-3 Mission is completed with the landing of Columbia at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.


Avro Lancaster
Out of 795 Lancasters, Halifaxes and Mosquitos sent to attack Nuremberg, 95 bombers do not return, making it the largest RAF Bomber Command loss of the war.


Alaska Purchase
Alaska is purchased from Russia for $7.2 million, about 2-cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward.


Second Sino-Japanese War
Second Sino-Japanese War: Japan declares Nanking capital of a new Chinese puppet government, nominally controlled by Wang Jingwei.


Florida Territory
The Florida Territory is created in the United States.


SpaceX conducts the world's first reflight of an orbital class rocket.


Vietnam War
Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the United States Embassy, Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.


Allies of World War II
World War II: Allied bombers conduct their most severe bombing run on Sofia, Bulgaria.


Twelve gunmen attack the Manawan Police Academy in Lahore, Pakistan.
2002 Lyon car attack takes place.
Airey Neave, a British Member of Parliament, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claims responsibility.
Sultan Abd al-Hafid signs the Treaty of Fez, making Morocco a French protectorate.
German Society of Chemistry issues an invitation to other national scientific organizations to appoint delegates to the International Committee on Atomic Weights.
The Battle for Kushka triggers the Panjdeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the Russian and British Empire.
Discovery of the chemical elements: Sir William Crookes announces his discovery of thallium.
One of the most important battles of the Dominican War of Independence from Haiti takes place near the city of Santiago de los Caballeros.
The National Bank of Greece is founded in Athens.
Balkan Campaign: The Avars lift the siege at the Byzantine stronghold of Tomis. Their leader Bayan I retreats north of the Danube River after the Avaro-Slavic hordes are decimated by the plague.