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History Events on March 29

Heinrich Brüning
Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.


Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria.


Passover massacre
In reaction to the Passover massacre two days prior, Israel launches Operation Defensive Shield against Palestinian militants, its largest military operation in the West Bank since the 1967 Six-Day War.


Adolf Hitler
In Germany, Adolf Hitler receives 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany's illegal remilitarization and reoccupation of the Rhineland, receiving 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters.


Anglo-Zulu War
Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.


Dow Jones Industrial Average
The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the 10,000 mark (10,006.78) for the first time, during the height of the dot-com bubble.


Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry mutinies against the East India Company's rule in India and inspires the protracted Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.


2010 Moscow Metro bombings
Two suicide bombers hit the Moscow Metro system at the peak of the morning rush hour, killing 40.


Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution
The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, D.C., to vote in presidential elections.


Battle of Towton
Battle of Towton: Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England, bringing a temporary stop to the Wars of the Roses.


United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab.


Canada Act 1982
The Canada Act 1982 receives the Royal Assent from Queen Elizabeth II, setting the stage for the Queen of Canada to proclaim the Constitution Act, 1982.


Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire under Murad II captures Thessalonica from the Republic of Venice.


2013 Dar es Salaam building collapse
At least 36 people are killed when a 16-floor building collapses in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.


Bombing of Lübeck in World War II
The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II is the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.


Terracotta Army
Terracotta Army was discovered in Shaanxi province, China.


4th Army (Wehrmacht)
World War II: The German 4th Army is almost destroyed by the Soviet Red Army.


New York, Ontario and Western Railway
The New York, Ontario and Western Railway makes its final run, the first major U.S. railroad to be abandoned in its entirety.


Indianapolis Colts
The Baltimore Colts load its possessions onto fifteen Mayflower moving trucks in the early morning hours and transfer its operations to Indianapolis.


NASA's Mariner 10 becomes the first space probe to fly by Mercury.


Vietnam War
Vietnam War: The last United States combat soldiers leave South Vietnam.


Cesare Borgia
Cesare Borgia is given the title of Captain General and Gonfalonier by his father Rodrigo Borgia after returning from his conquests in the Romagna.


Siege of Paris (845)
Paris is sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collects a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.


Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia join NATO as full members.


V-1 flying bomb
World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.


The Czechoslovak parliament is unable to reach an agreement on what to call the country after the fall of Communism, sparking the so-called Hyphen War.


Mexican-American War
Mexican-American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.


Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the British North America Act which establishes Canada on July 1.


Royal Navy
World War II: British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces defeat those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesian coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan.


Arturo Frondizi
Arturo Frondizi, the president of Argentina, is overthrown in a military coup by Argentina's armed forces, ending an 11½ day constitutional crisis.


Malagasy Uprising
Malagasy Uprising against French colonial rule in Madagascar.


American Civil War
American Civil War: Federal forces under Major General Philip Sheridan move to flank Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee as the Appomattox Campaign begins.


1999 Chamoli earthquake
A magnitude 6.8 earthquake in India strikes the Chamoli district in Uttar Pradesh, killing 103.


The first same-sex marriages in England and Wales are performed.
Catherine Callbeck becomes premier of Prince Edward Island and the first woman to be elected in a general election as premier of a Canadian province.
Operation Barrel Roll, a covert American bombing campaign in Laos to stop communist infiltration of South Vietnam, ends.
My Lai Massacre: Lieutenant William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison.
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage.
Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México, one of Mexico's leading universities, is founded.
The North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement goes into effect at 03:00 local time.
Sunbeam 1000hp breaks the land speed record at Daytona Beach, Florida.
The M1911 .45 ACP pistol becomes the official U.S. Army side arm.
John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta.
The Knights of Columbus is established.
Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniaks rebel against Turkey.
King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.
King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm's Royal Opera 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
Treaty of Saint-Germain is signed returning Quebec to French control after the English had seized it in 1629.
The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded.