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History Events on March 29


Heinrich Brüning
Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.

#Heinrich_Brüning

Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria.

#Royal_Albert_Hall

Passover massacre
In reaction to the Passover massacre two days prior, Israel launches Operation Defensive Shield against Palestinian militants, its largest military operation in the West Bank since the 1967 Six-Day War.

#Passover_massacre

Adolf Hitler
In Germany, Adolf Hitler receives 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany's illegal remilitarization and reoccupation of the Rhineland, receiving 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters.

#Adolf_Hitler

Anglo-Zulu War
Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.

#Anglo-Zulu_War

Dow Jones Industrial Average
The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the 10,000 mark (10,006.78) for the first time, during the height of the dot-com bubble.

#Dow_Jones_Industrial_Average

Sepoy
Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry mutinies against the East India Company's rule in India and inspires the protracted Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.

#Sepoy

2010 Moscow Metro bombings
Two suicide bombers hit the Moscow Metro system at the peak of the morning rush hour, killing 40.

#2010_Moscow_Metro_bombings

Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution
The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, D.C., to vote in presidential elections.

#Twenty-third_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution

Battle of Towton
Battle of Towton: Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England, bringing a temporary stop to the Wars of the Roses.

#Battle_of_Towton

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab.

#United_Kingdom_of_Great_Britain_and_Ireland

Canada Act 1982
The Canada Act 1982 receives the Royal Assent from Queen Elizabeth II, setting the stage for the Queen of Canada to proclaim the Constitution Act, 1982.

#Canada_Act_1982

Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire under Murad II captures Thessalonica from the Republic of Venice.

#Ottoman_Empire

2013 Dar es Salaam building collapse
At least 36 people are killed when a 16-floor building collapses in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

#2013_Dar_es_Salaam_building_collapse

Bombing of Lübeck in World War II
The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II is the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.

#Bombing_of_Lübeck_in_World_War_II

Terracotta Army
Terracotta Army was discovered in Shaanxi province, China.

#Terracotta_Army

4th Army (Wehrmacht)
World War II: The German 4th Army is almost destroyed by the Soviet Red Army.

#4th_Army_(Wehrmacht)

New York, Ontario and Western Railway
The New York, Ontario and Western Railway makes its final run, the first major U.S. railroad to be abandoned in its entirety.

#New_York,_Ontario_and_Western_Railway

Indianapolis Colts
The Baltimore Colts load its possessions onto fifteen Mayflower moving trucks in the early morning hours and transfer its operations to Indianapolis.

#Indianapolis_Colts

NASA
NASA's Mariner 10 becomes the first space probe to fly by Mercury.

#NASA

Vietnam War
Vietnam War: The last United States combat soldiers leave South Vietnam.

#Vietnam_War

Cesare Borgia
Cesare Borgia is given the title of Captain General and Gonfalonier by his father Rodrigo Borgia after returning from his conquests in the Romagna.

#Cesare_Borgia

Siege of Paris (845)
Paris is sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collects a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.

#Siege_of_Paris_(845)

Bulgaria
Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia join NATO as full members.

#Bulgaria

V-1 flying bomb
World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.

#V-1_flying_bomb

Czechoslovakia
The Czechoslovak parliament is unable to reach an agreement on what to call the country after the fall of Communism, sparking the so-called Hyphen War.

#Czechoslovakia

Mexican-American War
Mexican-American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.

#Mexican-American_War

Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the British North America Act which establishes Canada on July 1.

#Queen_Victoria

Royal Navy
World War II: British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces defeat those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesian coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan.

#Royal_Navy

Arturo Frondizi
Arturo Frondizi, the president of Argentina, is overthrown in a military coup by Argentina's armed forces, ending an 11½ day constitutional crisis.

#Arturo_Frondizi

Malagasy Uprising
Malagasy Uprising against French colonial rule in Madagascar.

#Malagasy_Uprising

American Civil War
American Civil War: Federal forces under Major General Philip Sheridan move to flank Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee as the Appomattox Campaign begins.

#American_Civil_War

1999 Chamoli earthquake
A magnitude 6.8 earthquake in India strikes the Chamoli district in Uttar Pradesh, killing 103.

#1999_Chamoli_earthquake

The first same-sex marriages in England and Wales are performed.
Catherine Callbeck becomes premier of Prince Edward Island and the first woman to be elected in a general election as premier of a Canadian province.
Operation Barrel Roll, a covert American bombing campaign in Laos to stop communist infiltration of South Vietnam, ends.
My Lai Massacre: Lieutenant William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison.
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage.
Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México, one of Mexico's leading universities, is founded.
The North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement goes into effect at 03:00 local time.
Sunbeam 1000hp breaks the land speed record at Daytona Beach, Florida.
The M1911 .45 ACP pistol becomes the official U.S. Army side arm.
John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta.
The Knights of Columbus is established.
Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniaks rebel against Turkey.
King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.
King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm's Royal Opera 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
Treaty of Saint-Germain is signed returning Quebec to French control after the English had seized it in 1629.
The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded.