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History Events on March 28

American Civil War
American Civil War: In the Battle of Glorieta Pass, Union forces stop the Confederate invasion of the New Mexico Territory. The battle began on March 26.


First Employment Contract
Massive protests are mounted against France's First Employment Contract law, meant to reduce youth unemployment.


George H. W. Bush
United States President George H. W. Bush posthumously awards Jesse Owens the Congressional Gold Medal.


Juan Bautista de Anza
Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.


Maratha Empire
The Marathas under Baji Rao I attack and defeat the Mughals in the Battle of Delhi.


Vienna Philharmonic
First concert of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Otto Nicolai.


House of Commons of the United Kingdom
The British House of Commons passes a vote of no confidence against James Callaghan's government by 1 vote, precipitating a general election.


Combined Operations Headquarters
World War II: A British combined force permanently disables the Louis Joubert Lock in Saint-Nazaire in order to keep the German battleship Tirpitz away from the mid-ocean convoy lanes.


Cold War
Cold War: The United States Department of State releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.


First Indochina War
First Indochina War: In the Battle of M?o Khê, French Union forces, led by World War II hero Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, inflict a defeat on Vi?t Minh forces commanded by General Võ Nguyên Giáp.


Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War: Generalissimo Francisco Franco conquers Madrid after a three-year siege.


Nobel Prize in Literature
Greek poet and Nobel Prize laureate Giorgos Seferis makes a famous statement on the BBC World Service opposing the junta in Greece.


Supreme Court of the United States
The US Supreme Court hands down 5-3 decision in Stump v. Sparkman, a controversial case involving involuntary sterilization and judicial immunity.


Peninsular War
Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medellín.


War of 1812
War of 1812: In the Battle of Valparaíso, two American naval vessels are captured by two Royal Navy vessels of equal strength.


State Council of the People's Republic of China
The State Council of the People's Republic of China dissolves the government of Tibet.


Imperial Airways
The Imperial Airways biplane City of Liverpool is believed to be the first airliner lost to sabotage when a passenger sets a fire on board.


African National Congress
In South Africa, African National Congress security guards kill dozens of Inkatha Freedom Party protesters.


Partitions of Poland
Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.


Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Allies under Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld defeat French forces at Le Cateau.


Friendly fire
In a friendly fire incident, two American A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft attack British tanks participating in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, killing one soldier.


The foundation stone of Valletta, Malta's capital city, is laid by Jean Parisot de Valette, Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.


Roman emperor
Roman emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, bestowed on him by the Senate.


Valentinian I
Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor.


Crimean War
Crimean War: France and Britain declare war on Russia.


1970 Gediz earthquake
An earthquake strikes western Turkey at about 23:05 local time, killing 1,086 and injuring 1,260.


Edson Luís de Lima Souto
Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is killed by military police at a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students.


Kosovo War
Kosovo War: Serb paramilitary and military forces kill 146 Kosovo Albanians in Izbica.


2005 Nias-Simeulue earthquake
An earthquake shakes northern Sumatra with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong), leaving 915-1,314 people dead and 340-1,146 injured.


Henri Fabre
Henri Fabre becomes the first person to fly a seaplane, the Fabre Hydravion, after taking off from a water runway near Martigues, France.


World War II
World War II: Britain's Mediterranean Fleet sinks three heavy cruisers and two destroyers of Italy's Regia Marina.


Paris Commune
The Paris Commune is formally established in Paris.


A coolant leak at the Three Mile Island's Unit 2 nuclear reactor outside Harrisburg, Pennsylvania leads to the core overheating and a partial meltdown.
Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
Tonkin Campaign: French victory in the Battle of Gia Cuc.
First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka begins.
Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers discovers 2 Pallas, the second asteroid ever to be discovered.
Treaty of Florence is signed, ending the war between the French Republic and the Kingdom of Naples.
After assassinating the Roman Emperor Pertinax, his Praetorian Guards auction off the throne to Didius Julianus.