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History Events on March 10

In Haiti, Prosper Avril is ousted 18 months after seizing power in a coup.


South Vietnam
Military Prime Minister of South Vietnam Nguy?n Cao K? sacked rival General Nguy?n Chánh Thi, precipitating large-scale civil and military dissension in parts of the nation.


Vietnam War
Vietnam War: Battle of Lima Site 85, concluding the 11th with largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during that war.


1933 Long Beach earthquake
The 6.4 Mw? Long Beach earthquake affects the Greater Los Angeles Area with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), leaving 115-120 people dead, and causing an estimated $40 million in damage.


Crossing of the Andes
Crossing of the Andes: A group of royalist scouts are captured during the Action of Juncalito.


Amy Spain
Amy Spain, American slave, is executed for stealing from her owner; believed to have been the last legal execution of a female slave in America.


World War I
World War I: The Battle of Neuve Chapelle begins. This is the first large-scale operation by the British Army in the war.


Later Han (Five Dynasties)
The Later Han is founded by Liu Zhiyuan. He declares himself emperor and establishes the capital in Bian, present-day Kaifeng.


Roman Emperor Maximian concludes his campaign in North Africa against the Berbers, and makes a triumphal entry into Carthage.


World War II
World War II: The U.S. Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting conflagration kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians.


Greek Civil War
Greek Civil War: The Political Committee of National Liberation is established in Greece by the National Liberation Front.


First Punic War
First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates: The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.


Mildred Gillars
Mildred Gillars ("Axis Sally") is convicted of treason.


Fulgencio Batista
Fulgencio Batista leads a successful coup in Cuba and appoints himself as the "provisional president".


Louisiana Purchase
Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, Missouri, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of the Louisiana Territory from France to the United States.


Hasan bey Zardabi
The first Azerbaijani play "The Adventures of the Vizier of the Khan of Lenkaran" prepared by Akhundov was performed by Hassan-bey Zardabi and dramatist and Najaf-bey Vezirov.


Impeachment of Park Geun-hye
The impeachment of President Park Geun-hye of South Korea in response to a major political scandal is unanimously upheld by the country's Constitutional Court, ending her presidency.


Charles I of England
Charles I dissolves the Parliament of England, beginning the eleven-year period known as the Personal Rule.


Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in India, tried for sedition, and sentenced to six years in prison, only to be released after nearly two years for an appendicitis operation.


Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrives at Mars.


Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is ratified by the United States Senate, ending the Mexican-American War.


Nader Shah
An agreement between Nader Shah and Russia is signed near Ganja, Azerbaijan and Russian troops are withdrawn from Baku.


Emperor Napoleon I is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France.


Provinces of the Philippines
Some provinces and cities in the Philippines are incorporated due to the ratification of Act No. 2711 or the Administrative Code of the Philippines.


Memphis, Tennessee
In Memphis, Tennessee, James Earl Ray pleads guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King, Jr. He later unsuccessfully attempts to recant.


Royal Netherlands East Indies Army
The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created.


Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302
Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302, Operated by a Boeing 737 MAX 8 from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, with 157 souls onboard, crashed en route to Nairobi, Kenya. This was the second crash of the plane type (Lion Air Flight 610), resulting in the Boeing 737 MAX groundings.


Invention of the telephone
The first successful test of a telephone is made by Alexander Graham Bell.


Courrières mine disaster
The Courrières mine disaster, Europe's worst ever, kills 1099 miners in northern France.


Rings of Uranus
Astronomers discover the rings of Uranus.


1959 Tibetan uprising
Tibetan uprising: Fearing an abduction attempt by China, thousands of Tibetans surround the Dalai Lama's palace to prevent his removal.


The Nasdaq Composite stock market index peaks at 5132.52, signaling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom.
Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh Campaign: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Mê Thu?t in the South on their way to capturing Saigon in the final push for victory over South Vietnam.
Vietnam War: Captain Ernest Medina is charged by the U.S. military with My Lai war crimes.
The McMahon-Hussein Correspondence between Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca and the British official Henry McMahon concerning the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire ends.
By signing the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, Thailand relinquishes its sovereignty over the Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis and Terengganu, which become British protectorates.
Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the Strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Ségou, destroying the Bamana Empire of Mali.
French Huguenot Jean Calas, who had been wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspired Voltaire to begin a campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform.
Susenyos I defeats the combined armies of Yaqob and Abuna Petros II at the Battle of Gol in Gojjam, making him Emperor of Ethiopia.