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History Events on March 05

Nasir Khusraw
Nasir Khusraw begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama.


Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons goes into effect after ratification by 43 nations.


Red Army
World War II: The Red Army begins the Uman-Boto?ani Offensive in the western Ukrainian SSR.


First Anglo-Burmese War
First Anglo-Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma.


Nicolaus Copernicus
Nicolaus Copernicus's book On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres is added to the Index of Forbidden Books 73 years after it was first published.


Cold War
Cold War: Winston Churchill coins the phrase "Iron Curtain" in his speech at Westminster College, Missouri.


Boston Massacre
Boston Massacre: Five Americans, including Crispus Attucks, are fatally shot by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War (also known as the American War of Independence) five years later.


Venera 11
Soviet probes Venera 11, Venera 12 and the German-American solar satellite Helios II all are hit by "off the scale" gamma rays leading to the discovery of soft gamma repeaters.


Italo-Turkish War
Italo-Turkish War: Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, employing them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.


Yom Kippur War
Yom Kippur War: Israeli forces withdraw from the west bank of the Suez Canal.


Moro Rebellion
Moro Rebellion: United States Army troops bring overwhelming force against the native Moros in the First Battle of Bud Dajo, leaving only six survivors.


Supermarine Spitfire
First flight of K5054, the first prototype Supermarine Spitfire advanced monoplane fighter aircraft in the United Kingdom.


British Raj
The British Raj: Gandhi-Irwin Pact is signed.


Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party receives 43.9% at the Reichstag elections, which allows the Nazis to later pass the Enabling Act and establish a dictatorship.


George Westinghouse
George Westinghouse patents the air brake.


Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Six high-ranking members of Soviet politburo, including Joseph Stalin, sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, in what will become known as the Katyn massacre.


Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.


The ZX81, a pioneering British home computer, is launched by Sinclair Research and would go on to sell over 1.5 million units around the world.


Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin, the longest serving leader of the Soviet Union, dies at his Volynskoe dacha in Moscow after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage 4 days earlier.


Britannia Bridge
The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the island of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.


Gloster Meteor
First Flight of the Gloster Meteor, Britain's first combat jet aircraft.


Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt patents the first production-model revolver, the .34-caliber.


Antonio de Ulloa
Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans.


President of Indonesia
Indonesian President Sukarno dismissed the Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR), 1955 democratically elected parliament, and replaced with DPR-GR, the parliament of his own selected members.


Livonian Order
The Livonian Order is defeated in the Battle of Aizkraukle by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.


World War II
World War II: Japanese forces captures Batavia, capital of Dutch East Indies, which left undefended after the withdrawal of KNIL garrison and Australian Blackforce battalion to Buitenzorg and Bandung.


In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed in the Haifa bus 37 suicide bombing.


Henry VII of England
King Henry VII of England issues letters patent to John Cabot and his sons, authorising them to explore unknown lands.


Tropical Storm Irina
Tropical Storm Irina kills over 75 as it passes through Madagascar.


Peninsular War
Peninsular War: A French force under the command of Marshal Victor is routed while trying to prevent an Anglo-Spanish-Portuguese army from lifting the Siege of Cádiz in the Battle of Barrosa.


Venera 14
Soviet probe Venera 14 lands on Venus.


Landsat 3
The Landsat 3 is launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.


March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.
American country music stars Patsy Cline, Hawkshaw Hawkins, Cowboy Copas and their pilot Randy Hughes are killed in a plane crash in Camden, Tennessee.


Mefistofele, an opera by Arrigo Boito, receives its premiere performance at La Scala.
Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sasanian Empire, in a campaign which would bring about his own death.