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History Events on March 05


Nasir Khusraw
Nasir Khusraw begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama.

#Nasir_Khusraw

Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons goes into effect after ratification by 43 nations.

#Treaty_on_the_Non-Proliferation_of_Nuclear_Weapons

Red Army
World War II: The Red Army begins the Uman-Boto?ani Offensive in the western Ukrainian SSR.

#Red_Army

First Anglo-Burmese War
First Anglo-Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma.

#First_Anglo-Burmese_War

Nicolaus Copernicus
Nicolaus Copernicus's book On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres is added to the Index of Forbidden Books 73 years after it was first published.

#Nicolaus_Copernicus

Cold War
Cold War: Winston Churchill coins the phrase "Iron Curtain" in his speech at Westminster College, Missouri.

#Cold_War

Boston Massacre
Boston Massacre: Five Americans, including Crispus Attucks, are fatally shot by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War (also known as the American War of Independence) five years later.

#Boston_Massacre

Venera 11
Soviet probes Venera 11, Venera 12 and the German-American solar satellite Helios II all are hit by "off the scale" gamma rays leading to the discovery of soft gamma repeaters.

#Venera_11

Italo-Turkish War
Italo-Turkish War: Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, employing them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.

#Italo-Turkish_War

Yom Kippur War
Yom Kippur War: Israeli forces withdraw from the west bank of the Suez Canal.

#Yom_Kippur_War

Moro Rebellion
Moro Rebellion: United States Army troops bring overwhelming force against the native Moros in the First Battle of Bud Dajo, leaving only six survivors.

#Moro_Rebellion

Supermarine Spitfire
First flight of K5054, the first prototype Supermarine Spitfire advanced monoplane fighter aircraft in the United Kingdom.

#Supermarine_Spitfire

British Raj
The British Raj: Gandhi-Irwin Pact is signed.

#British_Raj

Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party receives 43.9% at the Reichstag elections, which allows the Nazis to later pass the Enabling Act and establish a dictatorship.

#Adolf_Hitler

George Westinghouse
George Westinghouse patents the air brake.

#George_Westinghouse

Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Six high-ranking members of Soviet politburo, including Joseph Stalin, sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, in what will become known as the Katyn massacre.

#Politburo_of_the_Communist_Party_of_the_Soviet_Union

Parma
Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.

#Parma

ZX81
The ZX81, a pioneering British home computer, is launched by Sinclair Research and would go on to sell over 1.5 million units around the world.

#ZX81

Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin, the longest serving leader of the Soviet Union, dies at his Volynskoe dacha in Moscow after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage 4 days earlier.

#Joseph_Stalin

Britannia Bridge
The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the island of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.

#Britannia_Bridge

Gloster Meteor
First Flight of the Gloster Meteor, Britain's first combat jet aircraft.

#Gloster_Meteor

Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt patents the first production-model revolver, the .34-caliber.

#Samuel_Colt

Antonio de Ulloa
Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans.

#Antonio_de_Ulloa

President of Indonesia
Indonesian President Sukarno dismissed the Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR), 1955 democratically elected parliament, and replaced with DPR-GR, the parliament of his own selected members.

#President_of_Indonesia

Livonian Order
The Livonian Order is defeated in the Battle of Aizkraukle by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

#Livonian_Order

World War II
World War II: Japanese forces captures Batavia, capital of Dutch East Indies, which left undefended after the withdrawal of KNIL garrison and Australian Blackforce battalion to Buitenzorg and Bandung.

#World_War_II

Haifa
In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed in the Haifa bus 37 suicide bombing.

#Haifa

Henry VII of England
King Henry VII of England issues letters patent to John Cabot and his sons, authorising them to explore unknown lands.

#Henry_VII_of_England

Tropical Storm Irina
Tropical Storm Irina kills over 75 as it passes through Madagascar.

#Tropical_Storm_Irina

Peninsular War
Peninsular War: A French force under the command of Marshal Victor is routed while trying to prevent an Anglo-Spanish-Portuguese army from lifting the Siege of Cádiz in the Battle of Barrosa.

#Peninsular_War

Venera 14
Soviet probe Venera 14 lands on Venus.

#Venera_14

Landsat 3
The Landsat 3 is launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.

#Landsat_3

March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.
American country music stars Patsy Cline, Hawkshaw Hawkins, Cowboy Copas and their pilot Randy Hughes are killed in a plane crash in Camden, Tennessee.

#Patsy_Cline

Mefistofele, an opera by Arrigo Boito, receives its premiere performance at La Scala.
Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sasanian Empire, in a campaign which would bring about his own death.