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History Events on March 03

Margaret Wilson
Margaret Wilson is elected as Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives, beginning a period lasting until August 23, 2006 where all the highest political offices (including Elizabeth II as Head of State), were occupied by women, making New Zealand the first country for this to occur.


Mughal Empire
Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Sultan of Bengal Daud Khan Karrani's army at the Battle of Tukaroi.


Order of Nakhimov
The Order of Nakhimov and Order of Ushakov are instituted in USSR as the highest naval awards.


Alexander II of Russia
Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs.


The Great Slave Auction
The two-day Great Slave Auction, the largest such auction in United States history, concludes.


Arthur Scargill
Arthur Scargill declares that the National Union of Mineworkers' national executive voted to end the longest-running industrial dispute in Great Britain without any peace deal over pit closures.


Free State of Fiume
The Free State of Fiume is annexed by the Kingdom of Italy.


USS Nautilus (SSN-571)
The USS Nautilus is decommissioned and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register.


Nuri al-Said
Nuri al-Said becomes Prime Minister of Iraq for the eighth time.


World War II
World War II: Ten Japanese warplanes raid Broome, Western Australia, killing more than 100 people.


Siege of Corfu (1798-99)
The Russo-Ottoman siege of Corfu ends with the surrender of the French garrison.


Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Russia signs the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, agreeing to withdraw from World War I, and conceding German control of the Baltic States, Belarus and Ukraine. It also conceded Turkish control of Ardahan, Kars and Batumi.


Second Opium War
Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.


American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War: The first amphibious landing of the United States Marine Corps begins the Battle of Nassau.


Teatro Olimpico
The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.


The Star-Spangled Banner
The United States adopts The Star-Spangled Banner as its national anthem.


Mayerthorpe tragedy
James Roszko murders four Royal Canadian Mounted Police constables during a drug bust at his property in Rochfort Bridge, Alberta, then commits suicide. This is the deadliest peace-time incident for the RCMP since 1885 and the North-West Rebellion.


Mohawk Airlines Flight 405
Mohawk Airlines Flight 405 crashes as a result of a control malfunction and insufficient training in emergency procedures.


Steve Fossett
Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane non-stop around the world solo without refueling.


Australia Act 1986
The Australia Act 1986 commences, causing Australia to become fully independent from the United Kingdom.


Shoshone National Forest
Shoshone National Forest is established as the first national forest in the US and world.


Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet's opera Carmen receives its première at the Opéra-Comique in Paris.


Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire.


Turkish Airlines Flight 981
Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes at Ermenonville near Paris, France killing all 346 aboard.


Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state.


Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.


The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation
Opening of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.


Apollo program
Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 to test the lunar module.


United States Congress
The U.S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise.


Bethnal Green tube station
World War II: In London, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station.


Battle of Manila (1945)
World War II: American and Filipino troops recapture Manila.


Royal Air Force
World War II: The RAF accidentally bombs the Bezuidenhout area of The Hague, Netherlands, killing 511 people.


1985 Algarrobo earthquake
A magnitude 8.3 earthquake strikes the Valparaíso Region of Chile, killing 177 and leaving nearly a million people homeless.


De Havilland Comet
A De Havilland Comet (Canadian Pacific Air Lines) crashes in Karachi, Pakistan, killing 11.


List of caliphs
The 407-year-old Islamic caliphate is abolished, when Caliph Abdülmecid II of the Ottoman Caliphate is deposed. The last remnant of the old regime gives way to the reformed Turkey of Kemal Atatürk.


Continental Army
American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army is routed at the Battle of Brier Creek near Savannah, Georgia.


A bomb blast in Karachi, Pakistan, kills at least 45 people and injured 180 others in a predominately Shia Muslim area.
An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.
Jackie Brenston, with Ike Turner and his band, records "Rocket 88", often cited as "the first rock and roll record", at Sam Phillips's recording studios in Memphis, Tennessee.
Five people are killed in an arson attack on the offices of the communist newspaper Flamman in Luleå, Sweden.
In Bombay, Mohandas Gandhi begins a hunger strike in protest at the autocratic rule in British India.
TIME magazine is published for the first time.
Thousands of women march in a suffrage parade in Washington, D.C.
Rockefeller Foundation: John D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can devote all his time to philanthropy.
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's phonograph cylinder.
The American Telephone & Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York.
The Russo-Turkish War ends with Bulgaria regaining its independence from the Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of San Stefano; a few months afterwards the Congress of Berlin stripped its status to a vassal principality of the Ottoman Empire.
The first ever organized indoor game of ice hockey is played in Montreal, Quebec, Canada as recorded in the Montreal Gazette.
Censorship in the United States: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
The Territory of Minnesota was created.
Empress Gensh? abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Sh?mu who becomes emperor of Japan.