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History Events on March 02

In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup d'état.


College of Arms
The College of Arms is formally incorporated by Royal Charter signed by King Richard III of England.


War in Afghanistan (2001-present)
U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins, (ending on March 19 after killing 500 Taliban and al-Qaeda fighters, with 11 Western troop fatalities).


U.S. Steel
United States Steel Corporation is founded as a result of a merger between Carnegie Steel Company and Federal Steel Company which became the first corporation in the world with a market capital over $1 billion.


Compact disc
Compact discs and players are released for the first time in the United States and other markets. They had previously been available only in Japan.


Rumaila oil field
Battle at Rumaila oil field brings an end to the 1991 Gulf War.


Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama's fleet visits the Island of Mozambique.


Skanderbeg organizes a group of Albanian nobles to form the League of Lezhë.


Argentine War of Independence
Argentine War of Independence: A royalist fleet defeats a small flotilla of revolutionary ships in the Battle of San Nicolás on the River Plate.


Roberto Cofresí
Roberto Cofresí, one of the last successful Caribbean pirates, is defeated in combat and captured by authorities.


Jones-Shafroth Act
The enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act grants Puerto Ricans United States citizenship.


Burgundian Wars
Burgundian Wars: The Old Swiss Confederacy hands Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, a major defeat in the Battle of Grandson in Canton of Neuchâtel.


Norodom Sihanouk
Norodom Sihanouk, king of Cambodia, abdicates the throne in favor of his father, Norodom Suramarit.


Transnistria War
Start of the war in Transnistria.


Czech Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space, when he is launched aboard Soyuz 28.


Communist International
The first Communist International meets in Moscow.


Platt Amendment
The U.S. Congress passes the Platt Amendment limiting the autonomy of Cuba, as a condition of the withdrawal of American troops.


John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy announces the creation of the Peace Corps in a nationally televised broadcast.


American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War: Patriot militia units arrest the Royal Governor of Georgia James Wright and attempt to prevent capture of supply ships in the Battle of the Rice Boats.


Rhodesia declares itself a republic, breaking its last links with the British crown.


Iraq War
War in Iraq: Al-Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.


World War II
World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea: United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.


Researchers at Fermilab announce the discovery of the top quark.


Louis V of France
Louis V becomes King of the Franks.


Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, San Marino, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan join the United Nations.


Wilt Chamberlain
Wilt Chamberlain sets the single-game scoring record in the National Basketball Association by scoring 100 points.


Mendoza, Argentina
Mendoza, Argentina is founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro del Castillo.


Alexander II of Russia
Alexander II becomes Tsar of Russia.


Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela is elected deputy President of the African National Congress.


United States Air Force
The US and Republic of Vietnam Air Force begin Operation Rolling Thunder, a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam.


World War II
World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joins the Axis Pact.


Tornado outbreak of March 2-3, 2012
A tornado outbreak occurred over a large section of the Southern United States and into the Ohio Valley region, resulting in 40 tornado-related fatalities.


George of Pod?brady
George of Pod?brady is chosen as the king of Bohemia.


Texas Revolution
Texas Revolution: The Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico is adopted.


Libya becomes the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya as the General People's Congress adopted the "Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People".


Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by Roderick McLean in Windsor.


United States Congress
The U.S. Congress passes the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves, disallowing the importation of new slaves into the country.


Ho Chi Minh
Ho Chi Minh is elected the President of North Vietnam.


The Great Slave Auction
The two-day Great Slave Auction, the largest such auction in United States history, begins.


Pioneer 10
The Pioneer 10 space probe is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with a mission to explore the outer planets.


King Kong (1933 film)
The film King Kong opens at New York's Radio City Music Hall.


Battle of Adwa
The Battle of Adwa - The Italian Army defeated by the Ethiopian Army in Adwa, Tigray, Ethiopia.


In Toulouse, France, the first test flight of the Anglo-French Concorde is conducted.


Kandyan Convention
Signing of the Kandyan Convention treaty by British invaders and the leaders of the Kingdom of Kandy.


The elements Moscovium, Tennessine, and Oganesson were officially added to the periodic table at a conference in Moscow, Russia.
Data sent from the Galileo spacecraft indicates that Jupiter's moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.
Yahoo! is incorporated.
Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.
Baggeridge Colliery closes marking the end of over 300 years of coal mining in the Black Country.
Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute.
Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected Pope and takes the name Pius XII.
The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signs a collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry.
In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opens, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women.
U.S. presidential election, 1876: Just two days before inauguration, the U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876.
The U.S. Congress passes the first Reconstruction Act.
East Cape War: The Völkner Incident in New Zealand.
The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
The Bank of England issues the first one-pound and two-pound banknotes.
Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
The Loves of Mars and Venus is the first ballet performed in England.
Great Fire of Meireki: A fire in Edo (now Tokyo), Japan, caused more than 100,000 deaths; it lasted three days
Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders.
Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoth army under king Vitiges begins the siege of the capital. Belisarius conducts a delaying action outside the Flaminian Gate; he and a detachment of his bucellarii are almost cut off.