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History Events on March 01

Fort Neoheroka
The siege and destruction of Fort Neoheroka begins during the Tuscarora War in North Carolina, effectively opening up the colony's interior to European colonization.


Minnesota State Capitol
The first Minnesota State Capitol burns down due to a fire.


Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton
Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.


Louis the Pious
Emperor Louis the Pious is restored as sole ruler of the Frankish Empire. After his re-accession to the throne, his eldest son Lothair I flees to Burgundy.


Samuel Chase
Justice Samuel Chase is acquitted at the end of his impeachment trial by the U.S. Senate.


Continental Congress
The Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation.


Cold War
Cold War: Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union by disclosing top secret atomic bomb data.


Charles I of England
Writs issued in February by Charles I of England mandate that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.


Venera 3
Venera 3 Soviet space probe crashes on Venus becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet's surface.


Leaders of the Mamluk dynasty are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali.


Villarrica (volcano)
Villarrica Volcano begins a strombolian eruption causing lahars that destroy half of the town of Coñaripe.


Uganda becomes self-governing and holds its first elections.


President of Pakistan
President of Pakistan Yahya Khan indefinitely postpones the pending national assembly session, precipitating massive civil disobedience in East Pakistan.


Australian Army
The Australian Army is formed.


March 1st Movement
March 1st Movement begins in Korea under Japanese rule.


War in Afghanistan (2001-present)
U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan.


Friedrich Eduard Beneke
German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.


Georgetown University
Georgetown University's congressional charter is signed into law by President James Madison.


United States Census Bureau
The first United States census is authorized.


Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba.


Dutch East India Company
The Dutch East India Company is nationalized by the Batavian Republic.


Charles Lindbergh
Charles Lindbergh's son is reportedly kidnapped.


1991 uprisings in Iraq
Uprisings against Saddam Hussein begin in Iraq, leading to the death of more than 25,000 people mostly civilian.


Vetranio is asked by Constantina, sister of Constantius II, to proclaim himself Caesar.


Joseph Stalin
Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses; he dies four days later.


Nikola Tesla
Electrical engineer Nikola Tesla gives the first public demonstration of radio in St. Louis, Missouri.


International Monetary Fund
The International Monetary Fund begins financial operations.


E. Remington and Sons
E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.


Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park is established as the world's first national park.


Wellington, Washington
The worst avalanche in United States history buries a Great Northern Railway train in northeastern King County, Washington, killing 96 people.


Swedish calendar
Sweden introduces its own Swedish calendar, in an attempt to gradually merge into the Gregorian calendar, reverts to the Julian calendar on this date in 1712, and introduces the Gregorian calendar on this date in 1753.


Samuel Stritch
Samuel Alphonsus Stritch is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first U.S. member of the Roman Curia.


Nebraska becomes the 37th U.S. state; Lancaster, Nebraska is renamed Lincoln and becomes the state capital.


Hoover Dam
The Hoover Dam is completed.


Samuel de Champlain
Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.


Ba'ath Party
The Ba'ath Party takes power in Syria.


Francisco Solano López
Marshal F. S. López dies during the Battle of Cerro Corá thus marking the end of the Paraguayan War.


Indonesian Army
Indonesian Army recaptures and occupies for six hours its capital city Yogyakarta from the Dutch.


East Germany
Formation of the East German Nationale Volksarmee.


Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina declares its independence from Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.


John Tyler
United States President John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the United States to annex the Republic of Texas.


Empire of Japan
World War II: Japanese forces land on Java, the main island of the Dutch East Indies, at Merak and Banten Bay (Banten), Eretan Wetan (Indramayu) and Kragan (Rembang).


Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares.


The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 mi) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (8.5 tons).


The Thai province of Yasothon is created after being split off from the Ubon Ratchathani Province.


Imperial Japanese Army
An Imperial Japanese Army ammunition dump explodes at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.


Watergate scandal
Watergate scandal: Seven are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice.


Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine), becomes the first incorporated city in the United States.


Battle of Adwa
Battle of Adwa: An Ethiopian army defeats an outnumbered Italian force, ending the First Italo-Ethiopian War.


World War II
World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact, allying itself with the Axis powers.


Emperor Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. This is considered the beginning of the Tetrarchy, known as the Quattuor Principes Mundi ("Four Rulers of the World").


Tornadoes break out across the southern United States, killing at least 20 people, including eight at Enterprise High School.


English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station.


Nuclear weapons testing
Nuclear weapons testing: The Castle Bravo, a 15-megaton hydrogen bomb, is detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the worst radioactive contamination ever caused by the United States.


Independence movement in Puerto Rico
Armed Puerto Rican nationalists attack the United States Capitol building, injuring five Representatives.


John F. Kennedy
United States President John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.


Sarah Good
Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba are brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials.


International Criminal Court
The International Criminal Court holds its inaugural session in The Hague.


Henri Becquerel
Henri Becquerel discovers radioactive decay.


Rio de Janeiro
The city of Rio de Janeiro is founded.


International Air Transport Association
The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.


Zimmermann Telegram
The Zimmermann Telegram is reprinted in newspapers across the United States after the U.S. government releases its unencrypted text.


2014 Kunming attack
35 people are killed and 143 injured in a mass stabbing at Kunming Railway Station in China.


United States Customs Service
Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.


The Armenian police clash with peaceful opposition rally protesting against allegedly fraudulent presidential elections, as a result ten people are killed.
In Roper v. Simmons, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that the execution of juveniles found guilty of murder is unconstitutional.
Titanic became the first film to gross over $1 billion worldwide.
Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
First collection of twelve Swatch models was introduced in Zürich, Switzerland.
Provisional Irish Republican Army member Bobby Sands begins his hunger strike in HM Prison Maze.
Black September storms the Saudi embassy in Khartoum, Sudan, resulting in the assassination of three Western hostages.
The Bank of England is nationalised.
The Australian cricket team captained by Warwick Armstrong becomes the first team to complete a whitewash of The Ashes, something that would not be repeated for 86 years.
The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
The Anglo-Chinese School, Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
The Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Virginia.
A convention of delegates from 57 Texas communities convenes in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, to deliberate independence from Mexico.
French Revolutionary War: Battle of Aldenhoven during the Flanders Campaign.
Sixty-three Huguenots are massacred in Wassy, France, marking the start of the French Wars of Religion.
Forces of the Catholic Monarchs engage the combined Portuguese-Castilian armies of Afonso V and Prince John at the Battle of Toro.
The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.
Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus ending the Siege of Athens and Piraeus.
Publius Valerius Publicola celebrates the first triumph of the Roman Republic after his victory over the deposed king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus at the Battle of Silva Arsia.