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History Events on June 30

President of the United States
U.S. President Abraham Lincoln grants Yosemite Valley to California for "public use, resort and recreation".


Jeep Cherokee
A Jeep Cherokee filled with propane canisters drives into the entrance at Glasgow Airport, Scotland in a failed terrorist attack. This was linked to the 2007 London car bombs that had taken place the day before.


United States Congress
The U.S. Congress organizes the Michigan Territory.


TWA Flight 847
Thirty-nine American hostages from the hijacked TWA Flight 847 are freed in Beirut after being held for 17 days.


1860 Oxford evolution debate
The 1860 Oxford evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History takes place.


Chevrolet Corvette
The first Chevrolet Corvette rolls off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan.


Soviet Union
The crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft are killed when their air supply escapes through a faulty valve.


Airbus A330
During a test flight of an Airbus A330-300 at Toulouse-Blagnac Airport, the aircraft crashes killing all seven people on board.


Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein sends the article On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, in which he introduces special relativity, for publication in Annalen der Physik.


Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine army of emperor Constantine V defeats the Bulgarian forces in the Battle of Anchialus.


Charles Evans Hughes
In Washington D.C., U.S. Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes and Dominican Ambassador Francisco J. Peynado sign the Hughes-Peynado agreement, which ends the United States occupation of the Dominican Republic.


World War II
World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.


Battle of Arbedo
Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons.


Emergency telephone number
The world's first emergency telephone number, 999, is introduced in London.


Warren G. Harding
U.S. President Warren G. Harding appoints former President William Howard Taft as Chief Justice of the United States.


Night of the Long Knives
The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, takes place.


Pope Paul VI
Pope Paul VI issues the Credo of the People of God.


Charles J. Guiteau
Charles J. Guiteau is hanged in Washington, D.C. for the assassination of U.S. President James Garfield.


Vietnam signed free trade agreement with European Union


Leap second
The first leap second is added to the UTC time system.


Seven Years' War
Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl takes place.


Henry II of France
King Henry II of France is mortally wounded in a jousting match against Gabriel, comte de Montgomery.


Battle of the Boar's Head
The Battle of the Boar's Head takes place in Richebourg-l'Avoué . It is known as 'The Day Sussex Died'


Kingdom of France
Spanish forces defeat a combined French and Navarrese army at the Battle of Noáin during the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre.


East Germany
East Germany and West Germany merge their economies.


Supreme Court of the United States
The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Bowers v. Hardwick that states can outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults.


Haile Selassie
Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia appeals for aid to the League of Nations against Italy's invasion of his country.


French acrobat Charles Blondin crosses Niagara Falls on a tightrope.


Yarnell Hill Fire
Nineteen firefighters die controlling a wildfire in Yarnell, Arizona.


June 2013 Egyptian protests
Protests begin around Egypt against President Mohamed Morsi and the ruling Freedom and Justice Party, leading to their overthrow during the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état.


Deluge (history)
The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising: The Battle of Berestechko ends with a Polish victory.


Lockheed C-130 Hercules
A Hercules C-130 military aircraft with 113 people on board crashes in a residential area in Medan, Indonesia, resulting in at least 116 deaths.


Due to MTV launching a new channel in Canada, Razer took over MTV Canada.


Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization disbands.


Yemenia Flight 626
Yemenia Flight 626, an Airbus A310-300, crashes into the Indian Ocean near Comoros, killing 152 of the 153 people on board. A 14-year-old girl named Bahia Bakari survives the crash.


Belgian Congo
Belgian Congo gains independence as Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville).


Regina Cyclone
The Regina Cyclone, Canada's deadliest tornado event, kills 28 people in Regina, Saskatchewan.


The United Kingdom transfers sovereignty over Hong Kong to China.
The Baltimore municipal strike of 1974 begins.
The National Organization for Women, the United States' largest feminist organization, is founded.
Ciaculli bombing: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven police officers and military personnel near Palermo.
A United States Air Force F-100 Super Sabre from Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, crashes into a nearby elementary school, killing 11 students plus six residents from the local neighborhood.
A TWA Super Constellation and a United Airlines DC-7 collide above the Grand Canyon in Arizona and crash, killing all 128 on board both airliners.
The Tunguska Event, the largest impact event on Earth in human recorded history, resulting in a massive explosion over Eastern Siberia.
The United States Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act.
The Homestead Strike begins near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The first transcontinental train trip across Canada departs from Montreal, Quebec. It arrives in Port Moody, British Columbia on July 4.
Native American forces under Blue Jacket attack Fort Recovery.
The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William, which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution.
Pope Marcellinus begins his papacy.