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History Events on June 28

United States Court of Private Land Claims
The United States Court of Private Land Claims rules James Reavis’s claim to Barony of Arizona is "wholly fictitious and fraudulent."


Austro-Serbian Alliance of 1881
The Austro-Serbian Alliance of 1881 is secretly signed.


United States Congress
The U.S. Congress passes the Spooner Act, authorizing President Theodore Roosevelt to acquire rights from Colombia for the Panama Canal.


Slobodan Miloševi?
Slobodan Miloševi? is extradited to the ICTY in The Hague to stand trial.


Kingdom of Romania
Romania cedes Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union after facing an ultimatum.


SS Norge
The SS Norge runs aground on Hasselwood Rock in the North Atlantic 430 kilometres (270 mi) northwest of Ireland. More than 635 people die during the sinking.


Assassination of Alboin, King of the Lombards.


Labor Day
Labor Day becomes an official US holiday.


Honduran president Manuel Zelaya is ousted by a local military coup following a failed request to hold a referendum to rewrite the Honduran Constitution. This was the start of the 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis.


New England
A New England colonial army captures the French fortifications at Louisbourg (New Style).


First Crusade
Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.


Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is captured at Glenrowan.


Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V is elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.


Hafte Tir bombing
A powerful bomb explodes in Tehran, killing 73 officials of the Islamic Republican Party.


Cold War
Cold War: The Tito-Stalin Split results in the expulsion of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia from the Cominform.


Nakhla meteorite
The Nakhla meteorite, the first one to suggest signs of aqueous processes on Mars, falls to Earth, landing in Egypt.


Continental Army
American Revolutionary War: The American Continentals engage the British in the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse resulting in standstill and British withdrawal under cover of darkness.


British invasions of the River Plate
Second British invasion of the Río de la Plata; John Whitelocke lands at Ensenada on an attempt to recapture Buenos Aires and is defeated by the locals.


American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Sullivan's Island ends with the American victory, leading to the commemoration of Carolina Day.


Battle of Kosovo
On the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo, Slobodan Miloševi? delivers the Gazimestan speech at the site of the historic battle.


Supreme Court of the United States
The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke bars quota systems in college admissions.


Peter the Great
Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.


Sigma Chi
Sigma Chi fraternity is founded in North America.


Malcolm X
Malcolm X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.


Edward IV of England
Edward IV is crowned King of England.


Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending the state of war between Germany and the Allies of World War I.


Twin Shaft disaster
An explosion in the Newton Coal Company's Twin Shaft Mine in Pittston, Pennsylvania results in a massive cave-in that kills 58 miners.


Hangang Bridge bombing
Korean War: Packed with its own refugees fleeing Seoul and leaving their 5th Division stranded, South Korean forces blow up the Hangang Bridge in an attempt to slow North Korea's offensive. The city falls later that day.


Northern Ireland Assembly (1973)
Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.


Coronation of Queen Victoria
Coronation of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.


The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.


French troops disembark in Corfu, beginning the French rule in the Ionian Islands.


Korean War
Korean War: Suspected communist sympathizers (between as many as 100,000 to 200,000) are executed in the Bodo League massacre.


The Angolan court sentences US and UK mercenaries to death sentences and prison terms in the Luanda Trial.


Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo; this is the casus belli of World War I.


Irish Civil War
The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces.


in Pozna?, workers from HCP factory go to the streets, sparking one of the first major protests against communist government both in Poland and Europe.


Army of the Potomac
The Army of the Potomac is disbanded.


Greece during World War I
World War I: Greece joins the Allied powers.


Sengoku period
Sengoku period of Japan: The combined forces of Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu are victorious in the Battle of Nagashino.


Battle of Berestechko
The Battle of Berestechko between Poland and Ukraine starts.


Provisional Government of National Unity
Poland's Soviet-allied Provisional Government of National Unity is formed over a month after V-E Day.


Alexander I of Serbia
Serbian King Alexander I proclaims the new constitution of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, known thereafter as the Vidovdan Constitution.


Guadeloupe becomes a French colony.


Adolphe Sax
Adolphe Sax patents the saxophone.


Iraq War
Iraq War: Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.


World War II
World War II: Nazi Germany starts its strategic summer offensive against the Soviet Union, codenamed Case Blue.


A terrorist attack in Turkey's Istanbul Atatürk Airport kills 42 people and injures more than 230 others.
Holyfield-Tyson II: Mike Tyson is disqualified in the third round for biting a piece off Evander Holyfield's ear.
For the first time in military history, a civilian population is targeted for chemical attack when Iraqi warplanes bombed the Iranian town of Sardasht.
Stonewall riots begin in New York City, marking the start of the Gay Rights Movement.
Korean War: North Korean Army conducts the Seoul National University Hospital massacre.
Boxer Dick Turpin beats Vince Hawkins at Villa Park in Birmingham to become the first black British boxing champion in the modern era.
Mercedes-Benz is formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merging their two companies.
The Anglo-French Convention of 1882 marks the territorial boundaries between Guinea and Sierra Leone.
The first conformation dog show is held in Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
The Paris Opera Ballet premieres Giselle in the Salle Le Peletier.
American Revolutionary War: Thomas Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George Washington, is hanged for mutiny and sedition.
Muhammed VI becomes the tenth Nasrid king of Granada after killing his brother-in-law Ismail II.