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  • Tuesday, June 28, 2022

History Events on June 23

Catherine the Great
Empress Catherine II of Russia grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev.


Mexican Revolution
Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa takes Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta.


First War of Scottish Independence
First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn (south of Stirling) begins.


John Jacob Astor
John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company.


United States Senate
The United States Senate follows the United States House of Representatives in overriding U.S. President Harry S. Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.


1946 Vancouver Island earthquake
The 1946 Vancouver Island earthquake strikes Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.


William Penn
William Penn signs a friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.


Nik Wallenda
Nik Wallenda becomes the first man to successfully walk across the Grand Canyon on a tight rope.


Battle of Moclín (1280)
The Battle of Moclín takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Castile against the Emirate of Granada. The battle resulted in a Granadian victory.


Seven Years' War
Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld: British, Hanoverian, and Prussian forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany.


International Olympic Committee
The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne in Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.


A peace treaty between the Flemish and the French is signed at Athis-sur-Orge.


Nintendo 64
The Nintendo 64 home video game console is released in Japan, ultimately selling 32.93 million units worldwide.


Battle of Landeshut (1760)
Seven Years' War: Battle of Landeshut: Austria defeats Prussia.


Kingston upon Hull
A fire at a house in Hull, England, which kills a six-year-old boy is passed off as an accident; it later emerges as the first of 26 deaths by fire caused over the next seven years by serial arsonist Peter Dinsdale.


The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada.


Food and Drug Administration
The United States Food and Drug Administration declares Enovid to be the first officially approved combined oral contraceptive pill in the world.


Second Balkan War
Second Balkan War: The Greeks defeat the Bulgarians in the Battle of Doiran.


Title IX
Title IX of the United States Civil Rights Act of 1964 is amended to prohibit sexual discrimination to any educational program receiving federal funds.


Henry Larsen (explorer)
Henry Larsen begins the first successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.


War of 1812
War of 1812: Great Britain revokes the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war.


Manhattan Project
Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany where he resumes a scientific career.


United Kingdom
The United Kingdom votes in a referendum to leave the European Union, by 52% to 48%.


2001 southern Peru earthquake
The 8.4 Mw? southern Peru earthquake shakes coastal Peru with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). A destructive tsunami followed, leaving at least 74 people dead, and 2,687 injured.


Watergate scandal
Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation's investigation into the Watergate break-ins.


Texas Rangers (baseball)
In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retires 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire.


World War II
World War II: Germany's latest fighter aircraft, a Focke-Wulf Fw 190, is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.


Warren E. Burger
Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren.


Action of Faial
The Action of Faial, Azores. The Portuguese carrack Cinco Chagas, loaded with slaves and treasure, is attacked and sunk by English ships with only 13 survivors out of over 700 on board.


Nanga Parbat
Militants stormed a high-altitude mountaineering base camp near Nanga Parbat in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan killing ten climbers, and a local guide.


Henry Hudson
The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson's fourth voyage sets Henry, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay; they are never heard from again.


Sun Quan
Sun Quan proclaims himself emperor of Eastern Wu.


Lyndon B. Johnson
Cold War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey for the three-day Glassboro Summit Conference.


Dragut, commander of the Ottoman navy, dies during the Great Siege of Malta.


Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler goes on a three-hour tour of the architecture of Paris with architect Albert Speer and sculptor Arno Breker in his only visit to the city.


Estonian War of Independence
Estonian War of Independence: The decisive defeat of the Baltische Landeswehr in the Battle of C?sis; this date is celebrated as Victory Day in Estonia.


Battle of Plassey
Battle of Plassey: Three thousand British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000-strong Indian army under Siraj ud-Daulah at Plassey.


American Revolution
American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township).


United States Congress
The United States Congress establishes the Government Printing Office.


Wiley Post
Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island in an attempt to circumnavigate the world in a single-engine plane.


American Civil War
American Civil War: At Fort Towson in the Oklahoma Territory, Confederate, Brigadier General Stand Watie surrenders the last significant Confederate army.


1985 Narita International Airport bombing
A terrorist bomb explodes at Narita International Airport near Tokyo. An hour later, the same group detonates a second bomb aboard Air India Flight 182, bringing the Boeing 747 down off the coast of Ireland killing all 329 aboard.


Ashton Eaton
Ashton Eaton breaks the decathlon world record at the United States Olympic Trials.


Cold War
Cold War: The Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent, comes into force 18 months after the opening date for signature was set for December 1, 1959.


SS United States
The ocean liner, SS United States, is christened and launched.


Typewriter: Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention he called the "Type-Writer."


A series of terrorist attacks took place in Pakistan resulting in 96 deaths and wounded 200 others.
The last of Syria's declared chemical weapons are shipped out for destruction.
Sonic the Hedgehog is released to American audiences, then to PAL and Japanese audiences a month later, kickstarting the successful Sonic franchise.
IBM announces that effective January 1970 it will price its software and services separately from hardware thus creating the modern software industry.
The French National Assembly takes the first step in creating the French Community by passing the Loi Cadre, transferring a number of powers from Paris to elected territorial governments in French West Africa.
The Lithuanian Activist Front declares independence from the Soviet Union and forms the Provisional Government of Lithuania; it lasts only briefly as the Nazis will occupy Lithuania a few weeks later.
The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States.
The College Board administers the first SAT exam.
The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada creating the nation's first national park, Banff National Park.
Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France sign a secret treaty against Emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
War of Saint Sabas: In the Battle of Trapani, the Venetians defeat a larger Genoese fleet, capturing all its ships.