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History Events on June 04


Charles VI of France
King Charles VI granted a monopoly for the ripening of Roquefort cheese to the people of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon as they had been doing for centuries.

#Charles_VI_of_France

Battle of Midway
World War II: The Battle of Midway begins. The Japanese Admiral Ch?ichi Nagumo orders a strike on Midway Island by much of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

#Battle_of_Midway

Hungary
Hungary loses 71% of its territory and 63% of its population when the Treaty of Trianon is signed in Paris.

#Hungary

Marmaduke Grove
Marmaduke Grove and other Chilean military officers lead a coup d'état establishing the short-lived Socialist Republic of Chile.

#Marmaduke_Grove

Captain (Royal Navy)
Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for the Kingdom of Great Britain.

#Captain_(Royal_Navy)

Allies of World War II
World War II: Rome falls to the Allies, the first Axis capital to fall.

#Allies_of_World_War_II

Cold War
Cold War: In the Vienna summit, the Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev sparks the Berlin Crisis by threatening to sign a separate peace treaty with East Germany and ending American, British and French access to East Berlin.

#Cold_War

World War II
World War II: The Dunkirk evacuation ends: British forces complete evacuation of 338,000 troops from Dunkirk in France. To rally the morale of the country, Winston Churchill delivers, only to the House of Commons, his famous "We shall fight on the beaches" speech.

#World_War_II

Henry C. Wayne
Major Henry C. Wayne departs New York aboard the USS Supply to procure camels to establish the U.S. Camel Corps.

#Henry_C._Wayne

Jonathan Pollard
Jonathan Pollard pleads guilty to espionage for selling top secret United States military intelligence to Israel.

#Jonathan_Pollard

Siege of Osaka
Siege of Osaka: Forces under Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle in Japan.

#Siege_of_Osaka

Massachusetts
Massachusetts becomes the first state of the United States to set a minimum wage.

#Massachusetts

The Holocaust
The Holocaust: The MS St. Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida, in the United States, after already being turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, more than 200 of its passengers later die in Nazi concentration camps.

#The_Holocaust

American Civil War
American Civil War: Confederate troops evacuate Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River, leaving the way clear for Union troops to take Memphis, Tennessee.

#American_Civil_War

President of the Republic of China
The President of the Republic of China, Zhang Zuolin, is assassinated by Japanese agents.

#President_of_the_Republic_of_China

Montgolfier brothers
The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their montgolfière (hot air balloon).

#Montgolfier_brothers

Ariane 5
The first flight of Ariane 5 explodes after roughly 37 seconds. It was a Cluster mission.

#Ariane_5

Train
An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after leaving New York City.

#Train

Emily Davison
Emily Davison, a suffragette, runs out in front of King George V's horse at The Derby. She is trampled, never regains consciousness, and dies four days later.

#Emily_Davison

Steeple
The steeple of St Paul's, the medieval cathedral of London, is destroyed in a fire caused by lightning and is never rebuilt.

#Steeple

Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette
General Lafayette, a French officer in the American Revolutionary War, speaks at what would become Lafayette Square, Buffalo, during his visit to the United States.

#Gilbert_du_Motier,_Marquis_de_Lafayette

Henry Ford
Henry Ford completes the Ford Quadricycle, his first gasoline-powered automobile, and gives it a successful test run.

#Henry_Ford

1943 Argentine coup d'état
A military coup in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.

#1943_Argentine_coup_d'état

Pulitzer Prize
The first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded: Laura E. Richards, Maude H. Elliott, and Florence Hall receive the first Pulitzer for biography (for Julia Ward Howe). Jean Jules Jusserand receives the first Pulitzer for history for his work With Americans of Past and Present Days. Herbert B. Swope receives the first Pulitzer for journalism for his work for the New York World.

#Pulitzer_Prize

England
England: Seventy-two people are killed when a Canadair C-4 Argonaut crashes at Stockport.

#England

Ali Khamenei
Ali Khamenei is elected as the new Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran by the Assembly of Experts after the death and funeral of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

#Ali_Khamenei

Solidarity (Polish trade union)
Solidarity's victory in the first (somewhat) free parliamentary elections in post-war Poland sparks off a succession of peaceful anti-communist revolutions in Eastern Europe, leads to the creation of the so-called Contract Sejm and begins the Autumn of Nations.

#Solidarity_(Polish_trade_union)

Louisiana
Following Louisiana's admittance as a U.S. state, the Louisiana Territory is renamed the Missouri Territory.

#Louisiana

German submarine U-505
World War II: A hunter-killer group of the United States Navy captures the German submarine U-505: The first time a U.S. Navy vessel had captured an enemy vessel at sea since the 19th century.

#German_submarine_U-505

Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia
King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia abdicates his throne in favor of his brother, Victor Emmanuel.

#Charles_Emmanuel_IV_of_Sardinia

Governor of California
The Governor of California Jerry Brown signs the California Agricultural Labor Relations Act into law, the first law in the U.S. giving farmworkers collective bargaining rights.

#Governor_of_California

Women's rights
Women's rights: The U.S. Congress approves the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guarantees suffrage to women, and sends it to the U.S. states for ratification.

#Women's_rights

Second Italian War of Independence
Italian Independence wars: In the Battle of Magenta, the French army, under Louis-Napoleon, defeat the Austrian army.

#Second_Italian_War_of_Independence

Battle of Hohenfriedberg
Battle of Hohenfriedberg: Frederick the Great's Prussian army decisively defeated an Austrian army under Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine during the War of the Austrian Succession.

#Battle_of_Hohenfriedberg

Tonga
Tonga gains independence from the United Kingdom.

#Tonga

World War I
World War I: Russia opens the Brusilov Offensive with an artillery barrage of Austro-Hungarian lines in Galicia.

#World_War_I

Falcon 9 Flight 1 is the maiden flight of the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, which launches from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 40.
Terry Nichols is sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
Ufa train disaster: A natural gas explosion near Ufa, Russia, kills 575 as two trains passing each other throw sparks near a leaky pipeline.
The Tiananmen Square protests are suppressed in Beijing by the People's Liberation Army, with between 241 and 1,000 dead (an unofficial estimate).
Three cars on a train carrying hexogen to Kazakhstan explode in Arzamas, Gorky Oblast, USSR, killing 91 and injuring about 1,500.
Gordon Kahl, who killed two US Marshals in Medina, North Dakota on February 13, is killed in a shootout in Smithville, Arkansas, along with a local sheriff, after a four-month manhunt.
Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings takes power in Ghana after a military coup in which General Fred Akuffo is overthrown.
Cyprus Convention: The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to the United Kingdom but retains nominal title.
Élisabeth Thible becomes the first woman to fly in an untethered hot air balloon. Her flight covers four kilometres in 45 minutes, and reached 1,500 metres altitude (estimated).
Great Upheaval: New England planters arrive to claim land in Nova Scotia, Canada, taken from the Acadians.