History Events on January 30
The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened.
The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales, is opened.
In the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States, Richard Lawrence attempts to shoot president Andrew Jackson, but fails and is subdued by a crowd, including several congressmen as well as Jackson himself.
The first Hallé concert is given in Manchester, England, marking the official founding of The Hallé orchestra as a full-time, professional orchestra.
The first Anglo-Japanese Alliance is signed in London.
Off the coast of Ivory Coast, Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
Tây S?n forces emerge victorious against Qing armies and liberate the capital Th?ng Long.
The Forty-seven r?nin, under the command of ?ishi Kuranosuke, avenge the death of their master, by killing Kira Yoshinaka.
World War II: Raid at Cabanatuan: One hundred twenty-six American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied prisoners from the Japanese-controlled Cabanatuan POW camp.
Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, is ritually executed more than two years after his death, on the 12th anniversary of the execution of the monarch he himself deposed.
The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched.
Poland and the Holy Roman Empire conclude the Peace of Bautzen.
Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco, California.
An estimated 200 square miles (51,800 ha) along the coasts of the Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary in England are destroyed by massive flooding, resulting in an estimated 2,000 deaths.
Eighty Years' War: The Treaty of Münster and Osnabrück is signed, ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain.
The Monitor National Marine Sanctuary is established as the first United States National Marine Sanctuary.
Indian pacifist and leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is released from prison by Jan C. Smuts after being tried and sentenced to two months in jail earlier in the month.
The Politburo of the Soviet Union orders the extermination of the Kulaks.
The destroyer USS Terry makes the first airplane rescue at sea saving the life of Douglas McCurdy ten miles from Havana, Cuba.
The Troubles: Bloody Sunday: British paratroopers open fire on anti-internment marchers in Derry, Northern Ireland, killing 13 people; another person later dies of injuries sustained.
Vietnam War: Tet Offensive launch by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army against South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies.
Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.
Pakistan leaves the Commonwealth of Nations in protest of its recognition of breakaway Bangladesh.
Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
In a bloodless coup, General Nguy?n Khánh overthrows General D??ng V?n Minh's military junta in South Vietnam.
The Beatles' last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police.
Naro-1 becomes the first carrier rocket launched by South Korea.
World War II: Battle of Ambon. Japanese forces invade the island of Ambon in the Dutch East Indies. Some 300 captured Allied troops are massacred at Laha airfield. Three-fourths of remaining POWs did not survive at the end of the war, including 250 men who were shipped to Hainan Island in South China Sea and never returned.
Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in the Mayerling.
The Government of Turkey expels Patriarch Constantine VI from Istanbul.
Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.