History Events on February 12
The current Constitution of Mongolia comes into effect.
NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touches down in the "saddle" region of 433 Eros, becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.
The Xuantong Emperor, the last Emperor of China, abdicates.
One hundred women protest in Lahore, Pakistan against military dictator Zia-ul-Haq's proposed Law of Evidence. The women were tear-gassed, baton-charged and thrown into lock-up. The women were successful in repealing the law.
The Soviet Union launches Venera 1 towards Venus.
Ecuador annexes the Galápagos Islands.
English forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orléans in the Battle of the Herrings.
Phong Nh? and Phong Nh?t massacre.
Cold War: The 1988 Black Sea bumping incident: The U.S. missile cruiser USS Yorktown (CG-48) is intentionally rammed by the Soviet frigate Bezzavetnyy in the Soviet territorial waters, while Yorktown claims innocent passage.
George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue received its premiere in a concert titled "An Experiment in Modern Music", in Aeolian Hall, New York, by Paul Whiteman and his band, with Gershwin playing the piano.
The city of San Francisco begins issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in response to a directive from Mayor Gavin Newsom.
Colgan Air Flight 3407 crashes into a house in Clarence Center, New York while on approach to Buffalo Niagara International Airport, killing all on board and one on the ground.
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970, is exiled from the Soviet Union.
Christian Dior unveils a "New Look", helping Paris regain its position as the capital of the fashion world.
Pope Francis and Patriarch Kirill sign an Ecumenical Declaration in the first such meeting between leaders of the Catholic and Russian Orthodox Churches since their split in 1054.
Isabella I issues an edict outlawing Islam in the Crown of Castile, forcing virtually all her Muslim subjects to convert to Christianity.
Construction begins on the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri.
New Zealand's worst maritime disaster of the 20th century happens when the SS Penguin, an inter-island ferry, sinks and explodes at the entrance to Wellington Harbour.
The Convention Parliament declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, constitutes an abdication.
Carmen Lawrence becomes the first female Premier in Australian history when she becomes Premier of Western Australia.
Santiago, Chile is founded by Pedro de Valdivia.
Bernardo O'Higgins formally approves the Chilean Declaration of Independence near Concepción, Chile.
United States President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial.
Bolsheviks launch a revolt in Georgia as a preliminary to the Red Army invasion of Georgia.
In Washington, D.C., the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
The largest observed iron meteorite until that time creates an impact crater in Sikhote-Alin, in the Soviet Union.
An Argentine/Chilean patriotic army, after crossing the Andes, defeats Spanish troops at the Battle of Chacabuco.
USS Macon, one of the two largest helium-filled airships ever created, crashes into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California and sinks.
Malcolm X visits Smethwick following the racial charged 1964 general election.
World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.