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History Events on February 11


United States Senate
First session of United States Senate opens to the public.

#United_States_Senate

Tewodros II
Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam.

#Tewodros_II

2016 Ad Dair shooting
A man shoots six people dead at an education center in Jizan Province, Saudi Arabia.

#2016_Ad_Dair_shooting

Iranian Revolution
The Iranian Revolution establishes an Islamic theocracy under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

#Iranian_Revolution

Friedrich Ebert
Friedrich Ebert (SPD), is elected President of Germany.

#Friedrich_Ebert

John de Courcy
John de Courcy's army defeats the native Dunleavey Clan in Ulster. The English establish themselves in Ulster.

#John_de_Courcy

Dick Cheney
U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney shot Harry Whittington, a 78-year-old Texas attorney, while participating in a quail hunt on a ranch in Riviera, Texas.

#Dick_Cheney

Seabed Arms Control Treaty
Cold War: Eighty-seven countries, including the United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union, sign the Seabed Arms Control Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons on the ocean floor in international waters.

#Seabed_Arms_Control_Treaty

Britannicus
Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.

#Britannicus

North Korea
North Korea test fires a ballistic missile across the Sea of Japan.

#North_Korea

Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi's opera I Lombardi alla prima crociata receives its first performance in Milan, Italy.

#Giuseppe_Verdi

General (United States)
World War II: General Dwight D. Eisenhower is selected to command the allied armies in Europe.

#General_(United_States)

Assault on Copenhagen (1659)
The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.

#Assault_on_Copenhagen_(1659)

Greece
Greeks and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus.

#Greece

Cold War
Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower denies all appeals for clemency for Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.

#Cold_War

Flint sit-down strike
The Flint sit-down strike ends when General Motors recognizes the United Auto Workers trade union.

#Flint_sit-down_strike

Pope Pius X
Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical Vehementer Nos.

#Pope_Pius_X

East Timor
Rebel East Timorese soldiers seriously wound President José Ramos-Horta. Rebel leader Alfredo Reinado is killed in the attack.

#East_Timor

Gordian III
Emperor Gordian III is murdered by mutinous soldiers in Zaitha (Mesopotamia). A mound is raised at Carchemish in his memory.

#Gordian_III

Arab Spring
Arab Spring: The first wave of the Egyptian revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests.

#Arab_Spring

2014 Algerian Air Force C-130 crash
A military transport plane crashes in a mountainous area of Oum El Bouaghi Province in eastern Algeria, killing 77 people.

#2014_Algerian_Air_Force_C-130_crash

Meiji Constitution
Meiji Constitution of Japan is adopted; the first National Diet convenes in 1890.

#Meiji_Constitution

Anton Bruckner
Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony receives its first performance in Vienna, Austria.

#Anton_Bruckner

Pluto
Pluto crosses Neptune's orbit, ending a nearly 20-year period (since 1979) when it was closer to the Sun than the gas giant; Pluto is not expected to interact with Neptune's orbit for another 228 years.

#Pluto

Amadeo I of Spain
King Amadeo I of Spain abdicates.

#Amadeo_I_of_Spain

Lockheed P-38 Lightning
A Lockheed P-38 Lightning flies from California to New York in seven hours two minutes.

#Lockheed_P-38_Lightning

Pope Benedict XVI
The Vatican confirmed that Pope Benedict XVI would resign the papacy on 28 February 2013, as a result of his advanced age.

#Pope_Benedict_XVI

Tennessee Valley Authority
Around 100,000 US gallons (380 m3) of radioactive coolant leak into the containment building of TVA Sequoyah 1 nuclear plant in Tennessee, contaminating eight workers.

#Tennessee_Valley_Authority

Awadh
The Kingdom of Awadh is annexed by the British East India Company and Wajid Ali Shah, the king of Awadh, is imprisoned and later exiled to Calcutta.

#Awadh

Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela is released from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa after 27 years as a political prisoner.

#Nelson_Mandela

Bernadette Soubirous
Bernadette Soubirous's first vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Lourdes, France.

#Bernadette_Soubirous

Saratov Airlines Flight 703
Saratov Airlines Flight 703 crashes near Moscow, Russia. All 71 people on board die.

#Saratov_Airlines_Flight_703

World War II
World War II: The Battle of Bukit Timah is fought in Singapore.

#World_War_II

Gaetano Donizetti
Gaetano Donizetti's opera La fille du régiment receives its first performance in Paris, France.

#Gaetano_Donizetti

Soviet Union
The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel.

#Soviet_Union

Quakers
The Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, petitions U.S. Congress for the abolition of slavery.

#Quakers

Federation of Arab Emirates of the South
The Federation of Arab Emirates of the South, which will later become South Yemen, is created as a protectorate of the United Kingdom.

#Federation_of_Arab_Emirates_of_the_South

Censorship
Censorship: China lifts a ban on works by Aristotle, William Shakespeare and Charles Dickens.

#Censorship

American Civil War
American Civil War: The United States House of Representatives unanimously passes a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.

#American_Civil_War

Emperor Jimmu
Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu.

#Emperor_Jimmu

Space Shuttle Discovery
Space Shuttle Discovery is launched on a mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope.

#Space_Shuttle_Discovery

Vietnam War
Vietnam War: First release of American prisoners of war from Vietnam takes place.

#Vietnam_War

Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy and the Vatican sign the Lateran Treaty.

#Kingdom_of_Italy

Carnival tragedy of 1823
Carnival tragedy of 1823: About 110 boys are killed during a stampede at the Convent of the Minori Osservanti in Valletta, Malta.

#Carnival_tragedy_of_1823

Massachusetts
Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry is accused of "gerrymandering" for the first time.

#Massachusetts

Buster Douglas
Buster Douglas, a 42:1 underdog, knocks out Mike Tyson in ten rounds at Tokyo to win boxing's world Heavyweight title.

#Buster_Douglas

A university student was murdered as she resisted an attempted rape in Turkey, sparking nationwide protests and public outcry against harassment and violence against women.
A Dutch programmer launched the Anna Kournikova virus infecting millions of emails via a trick photo of the tennis star.
BBC Television produces the world's first ever science fiction television program, an adaptation of a section of the Karel ?apek play R.U.R., that coined the term "robot".
University College London is founded as University of London.
Jesse Fell burns anthracite on an open grate as an experiment in heating homes with coal.
Emperor Susenyos I of Ethiopia and Patriarch Afonso Mendes declare the primacy of the Roman See over the Ethiopian Church, and Catholicism to be the state religion of Ethiopia.
Henry VIII of England is recognized as supreme head of the Church of England.