History Events on February 11
First session of United States Senate opens to the public.
Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam.
A man shoots six people dead at an education center in Jizan Province, Saudi Arabia.
The Iranian Revolution establishes an Islamic theocracy under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
Friedrich Ebert (SPD), is elected President of Germany.
John de Courcy's army defeats the native Dunleavey Clan in Ulster. The English establish themselves in Ulster.
U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney shot Harry Whittington, a 78-year-old Texas attorney, while participating in a quail hunt on a ranch in Riviera, Texas.
Cold War: Eighty-seven countries, including the United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union, sign the Seabed Arms Control Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons on the ocean floor in international waters.
Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.
North Korea test fires a ballistic missile across the Sea of Japan.
Giuseppe Verdi's opera I Lombardi alla prima crociata receives its first performance in Milan, Italy.
World War II: General Dwight D. Eisenhower is selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.
Greeks and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus.
Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower denies all appeals for clemency for Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
The Flint sit-down strike ends when General Motors recognizes the United Auto Workers trade union.
Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical Vehementer Nos.
Rebel East Timorese soldiers seriously wound President José Ramos-Horta. Rebel leader Alfredo Reinado is killed in the attack.
Emperor Gordian III is murdered by mutinous soldiers in Zaitha (Mesopotamia). A mound is raised at Carchemish in his memory.
Arab Spring: The first wave of the Egyptian revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests.
A military transport plane crashes in a mountainous area of Oum El Bouaghi Province in eastern Algeria, killing 77 people.
Meiji Constitution of Japan is adopted; the first National Diet convenes in 1890.
Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony receives its first performance in Vienna, Austria.
Pluto crosses Neptune's orbit, ending a nearly 20-year period (since 1979) when it was closer to the Sun than the gas giant; Pluto is not expected to interact with Neptune's orbit for another 228 years.
King Amadeo I of Spain abdicates.
A Lockheed P-38 Lightning flies from California to New York in seven hours two minutes.
The Vatican confirmed that Pope Benedict XVI would resign the papacy on 28 February 2013, as a result of his advanced age.
Around 100,000 US gallons (380 m3) of radioactive coolant leak into the containment building of TVA Sequoyah 1 nuclear plant in Tennessee, contaminating eight workers.
The Kingdom of Awadh is annexed by the British East India Company and Wajid Ali Shah, the king of Awadh, is imprisoned and later exiled to Calcutta.
Nelson Mandela is released from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa after 27 years as a political prisoner.
Bernadette Soubirous's first vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Lourdes, France.
Saratov Airlines Flight 703 crashes near Moscow, Russia. All 71 people on board die.
World War II: The Battle of Bukit Timah is fought in Singapore.
Gaetano Donizetti's opera La fille du régiment receives its first performance in Paris, France.
The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel.
The Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, petitions U.S. Congress for the abolition of slavery.
The Federation of Arab Emirates of the South, which will later become South Yemen, is created as a protectorate of the United Kingdom.
Censorship: China lifts a ban on works by Aristotle, William Shakespeare and Charles Dickens.
American Civil War: The United States House of Representatives unanimously passes a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.
Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu.
Space Shuttle Discovery is launched on a mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope.
Vietnam War: First release of American prisoners of war from Vietnam takes place.
Kingdom of Italy and the Vatican sign the Lateran Treaty.
Carnival tragedy of 1823: About 110 boys are killed during a stampede at the Convent of the Minori Osservanti in Valletta, Malta.
Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry is accused of "gerrymandering" for the first time.
Buster Douglas, a 42:1 underdog, knocks out Mike Tyson in ten rounds at Tokyo to win boxing's world Heavyweight title.