History Events on February 08
General Motors sues NBC after Dateline NBC allegedly rigs two crashes intended to demonstrate that some GM pickups can easily catch fire if hit in certain places. NBC settles the lawsuit the next day.
Constantius III becomes co-Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
The NASDAQ stock market index opens for the first time.
Las Heras crosses the Andes with an army to join San Martín and liberate Chile from Spain.
Leiden University is founded, and given the motto Praesidium Libertatis.
After 84 days in space, the crew of Skylab 4, the last crew to visit American space station Skylab, returns to Earth.
Eastern Air Lines Flight 663 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean and explodes, killing everyone aboard.
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Queen Elizabeth I and the revolt is quickly crushed.
The Dawes Act authorizes the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.
A hotel fire in Medina, Saudi Arabia kills 15 Egyptian pilgrims with 130 others injured.
Independent Air Flight 1851 strikes Pico Alto mountain while on approach to Santa Maria Airport (Azores) killing all 144 passengers on board.
World War II: Japan invades Singapore.
Aceh War: Dutch Colonial Army's Marechaussee regiment led by General G.C.E. van Daalen launch military campaign to capture Gayo Highland, Alas Highland, and Batak Highland in Dutch East Indies' Northern Sumatra region, which ends with genocide to Acehnese and Bataks people.
Proceedings of the United States Senate are broadcast on radio for the first time.
Twenty-one association football spectators are trampled to death at Karaiskakis Stadium in Neo Faliro, Greece, after a football match between Olympiacos F.C. and AEK Athens F.C.
Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy administration.
The regime of Prime Minister of Iraq, Brigadier General Abd al-Karim Qasim is overthrown by the Ba'ath Party.
Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War.
Cold War: The Stasi, the secret police of East Germany, is established.
The first portion of the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, the first serious challenge to the popularity of the Authorized King James Version, is published.
The Government of Sindh, Pakistan, abolishes the Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km2) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants.
Mary, Queen of Scots, is executed on suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I.
South Vietnamese ground troops launch an incursion into Laos to try to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail and stop communist infiltration.
A freak storm in the Hindu Kush mountains of Afghanistan triggers a series of at least 36 avalanches, burying over two miles of road, killing at least 172 people and trapping over 2,000 travelers.
United States President Warren G. Harding introduces the first radio set in the White House.
World War II: The United Kingdom and Canada commence Operation Veritable to occupy the west bank of the Rhine.
The first government-approved Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii.
Richard Johnson becomes the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senate.
The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir.
The U.S. Congress passes the Communications Decency Act.
D. W. Griffith's controversial film The Birth of a Nation premieres in Los Angeles.
Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
World War II: Dutch Colonial Army General Destruction Unit (AVC, Algemene Vernielings Corps) burns Banjarmasin, South Borneo to avoid Japanese capture.
Seventh Crusade: Crusaders engage Ayyubid forces in the Battle of Al Mansurah.
Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Tamil politician and former MP A. Chandranehru dies of injuries sustained in an ambush the previous day.
Delaware refuses to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Slavery was outlawed in the United States, including Delaware, when the Amendment was ratified by the requisite number of states on December 6, 1865. Delaware ratified the Thirteenth Amendment on February 12, 1901, which was the ninety-second anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln.