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History Events on December 07


Winecoff Hotel fire
A fire at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, Georgia kills 119 people, the deadliest hotel fire in U.S. history.

#Winecoff_Hotel_fire

Royal Opera House
The Royal Opera House opens at Covent Garden, London, England.

#Royal_Opera_House

Battle of Montgomery's Tavern
The Battle of Montgomery's Tavern, the only battle of the Upper Canada Rebellion, takes place in Toronto, where the rebels are quickly defeated.

#Battle_of_Montgomery's_Tavern

Cricket
Australian cricketer Jack Fingleton becomes the first player to score centuries in four consecutive Test innings.

#Cricket

Cicero
Marcus Tullius Cicero is assassinated in Formia.

#Cicero

Delaware
Delaware becomes the first state to ratify the United States Constitution.

#Delaware

Pakistan International Airlines Flight 661
Pakistan International Airlines Flight 661, a domestic passenger flight from Chitral to Islamabad, operated by ATR-42-500 crashes near Havelian, killing all 47 on board.

#Pakistan_International_Airlines_Flight_661

Parliament of Northern Ireland
The Parliament of Northern Ireland votes to remain a part of the United Kingdom and not unify with Southern Ireland.

#Parliament_of_Northern_Ireland

1988 Armenian earthquake
The 6.8 Ms? Armenian earthquake shakes the northern part of the country with a maximum MSK intensity of X (Devastating), killing 25,000-50,000 and injuring 31,000-130,000.

#1988_Armenian_earthquake

Jesse James
American outlaw Jesse James commits his first confirmed bank robbery in Gallatin, Missouri.

#Jesse_James

World War I
World War I: The United States declares war on Austria-Hungary.

#World_War_I

Tumult of Thorn (Toru?)
Tumult of Thorn: Religious unrest is followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toru?) by Polish authorities.

#Tumult_of_Thorn_(Toru?)

Great Storm of 1703
The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the southern part of Great Britain, makes landfall. Winds gust up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people die.

#Great_Storm_of_1703

New York Philharmonic
First concert of the New York Philharmonic, founded by Ureli Corelli Hill.

#New_York_Philharmonic

Apollo 17
Apollo 17, the last Apollo moon mission, is launched. The crew takes the photograph known as The Blue Marble as they leave the Earth.

#Apollo_17

Galileo (spacecraft)
The Galileo spacecraft arrives at Jupiter, a little more than six years after it was launched by Space Shuttle Atlantis during Mission STS-34.

#Galileo_(spacecraft)

Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771
Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771, a British Aerospace 146-200A, crashes near Paso Robles, California, killing all 43 on board, after a disgruntled passenger shoots his ex-boss traveling on the flight, then shoots both pilots and steers the plane into the ground.

#Pacific_Southwest_Airlines_Flight_1771

Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War: The Government of the Republic of China moves from Nanking to Taipei, Taiwan.

#Chinese_Civil_War

Texas
In Texas, Charles Brooks, Jr., becomes the first person to be executed by lethal injection in the United States.

#Texas

Pakistan
Pakistan President Yahya Khan announces the formation of a coalition government with Nurul Amin as Prime Minister and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto as Deputy Prime Minister.

#Pakistan

Rainier III, Prince of Monaco
Prince Rainier III of Monaco revises the principality's constitution, devolving some of his power to advisory and legislative councils.

#Rainier_III,_Prince_of_Monaco

JAXA
The JAXA probe Akatsuki successfully enters orbit around Venus five years after the first attempt.

#JAXA

1993 Long Island Rail Road shooting
Long Island Rail Road shooting: Passenger Colin Ferguson murders six people and injures 19 others on the LIRR in Nassau County, New York.

#1993_Long_Island_Rail_Road_shooting

Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, arranges to enter the American military as a major general.

#Gilbert_du_Motier,_Marquis_de_Lafayette

Pope Paul VI
Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras I simultaneously revoke mutual excommunications that had been in place since 1054.

#Pope_Paul_VI

Conservative Party of Canada
The Conservative Party of Canada is officially registered, following the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada.

#Conservative_Party_of_Canada

Warship
Comparative fuel trials begin between warships HMS Spiteful and HMS Peterel: Spiteful was the first warship powered solely by fuel oil, and the trials led to the obsolescence of coal in ships of the Royal Navy.

#Warship

Justin II
Byzantine Emperor Justin II retires due to recurring seizures of insanity. He abdicates the throne in favor of his general Tiberius, proclaiming him Caesar.

#Justin_II

Physicist
German-born Swiss physicist Albert Einstein is granted an American visa.

#Physicist

World War II
World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Imperial Japanese Navy carries out a surprise attack on the United States Pacific Fleet and its defending Army and Marine air forces at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. (For Japan's near-simultaneous attacks on Eastern Hemisphere targets, see December 8.)

#World_War_II

Syrian Army
Syrian Army continues large-scale attack and controls the revival (Sheikh Lutfi, Marja, Bab al-Nairab, Maadi, Al-Salhin) in the east of Aleppo backed by Russian Air Force and Iranian militias.

#Syrian_Army

Marriage Amendment Bill to recognize same-sex marriage passes in Australia.
Rigoberto Alpizar, a passenger on American Airlines Flight 924 who allegedly claimed to have a bomb, is shot and killed by a team of U.S. federal air marshals at Miami International Airport.
A&M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc.: The Recording Industry Association of America sues the peer-to-peer file-sharing service Napster, alleging copyright infringement.
An Iberia Airlines Boeing 727 collides with an Aviaco DC-9 in dense fog while the two airliners are taxiing down the runway at Madrid-Barajas Airport, killing 93 people.
Battle of Sylhet rages between the Pakistani military and the Mukti Bahini.
Instant replay makes its debut during the Army-Navy football game in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
World War II: British commandos conduct Operation Frankton, a raid on shipping in Bordeaux harbour.
W1XAV in Boston, Massachusetts telecasts video from the CBS radio orchestra program, The Fox Trappers. The telecast also includes the first television commercial in the United States, an advertisement for I.J. Fox Furriers, who sponsored the radio show.