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History Events on December 03


Moons of Jupiter
The Jovian moon Himalia is discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine at California's Lick Observatory.

#Moons_of_Jupiter

James Soong
Taiwan held the first full local elections; James Soong elected as the first and only direct elected Governor of Taiwan, Chen Shui-bian became the first direct elected Mayor of Taipei, Wu Den-yih became the first directed Mayor of Kaohsiung.

#James_Soong

Quebec Bridge
After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, including two collapses causing 89 deaths, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic.

#Quebec_Bridge

Battle of Hohenlinden
War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Hohenlinden: French General Moreau decisively defeats the Archduke John of Austria near Munich. Coupled with First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte's earlier victory at Marengo, this will force the Austrians to sign an armistice and end the war.

#Battle_of_Hohenlinden

Cold War
Cold War: In a meeting off the coast of Malta, U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev release statements indicating that the Cold War between NATO and the Soviet Union may be coming to an end.

#Cold_War

Flag of Singapore
The current flag of Singapore is adopted, six months after Singapore became self-governing within the British Empire.

#Flag_of_Singapore

Cincinnati
In Cincinnati, 11 fans are suffocated in a crush for seats on the concourse outside Riverfront Coliseum before a Who concert.

#Cincinnati

2009 Hotel Shamo bombing
A suicide bombing at a hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia, kills 25 people, including three ministers of the Transitional Federal Government.

#2009_Hotel_Shamo_bombing

Typhoon Bopha
At least 475 people are killed after Typhoon Bopha makes landfall in the Philippines.

#Typhoon_Bopha

War of the Second Coalition
War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Wiesloch: Austrian Lieutenant Field Marshal Anton Sztáray defeats the French at Wiesloch.

#War_of_the_Second_Coalition

Free Speech Movement
Free Speech Movement: Police arrest over 800 students at the University of California, Berkeley, following their takeover and sit-in at the administration building in protest of the UC Regents' decision to forbid protests on UC property.

#Free_Speech_Movement

Illinois
Illinois becomes the 21st U.S. state.

#Illinois

Bob Marley
An assassination attempt is made on Bob Marley in Kingston, Jamaica just two days before the "Smile Jamaica", a free concert.

#Bob_Marley

Chehalis River (Washington)
Winter storms cause the Chehalis River to flood many cities in Lewis County, Washington, and close a 20-mile portion of Interstate 5 for several days. At least eight deaths and billions of dollars in damages are blamed on the floods.

#Chehalis_River_(Washington)

Ottawa
In Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, representatives from 121 countries sign the Ottawa Treaty prohibiting manufacture and deployment of anti-personnel landmines. The United States, People's Republic of China, and Russia do not sign the treaty, however.

#Ottawa

Ruhollah Khomeini
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini becomes the first Supreme Leader of Iran.

#Ruhollah_Khomeini

NASA
NASA loses radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander moments before the spacecraft enters the Martian atmosphere.

#NASA

1800 United States presidential election
1800 United States presidential election The Electoral College casts votes for President and Vice President that resulted in a tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr.

#1800_United_States_presidential_election

Oil tanker
The Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea, carrying 80,000 tonnes of crude oil, runs aground in a storm while approaching A Coruña, Spain, and spills much of its cargo.

#Oil_tanker

JAXA
The Japanese space agency, JAXA, launches the space explorer Hayabusa2 from the Tanegashima Space Center on a six-year round trip mission to an asteroid to collect rock samples.

#JAXA

Neon lighting
Modern neon lighting is first demonstrated by Georges Claude at the Paris Motor Show.

#Neon_lighting

Zollverein
The Zollverein (German Customs Union) begins the first regular census in Germany.

#Zollverein

Pioneer program
Pioneer program: Pioneer 10 sends back the first close-up images of Jupiter.

#Pioneer_program

Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: Pakistan launches a pre-emptive strike against India and a full-scale war begins claiming hundreds of lives.

#Indo-Pakistani_War_of_1971

Greek Civil War
Greek Civil War: Fighting breaks out in Athens between the ELAS and government forces supported by the British Army.

#Greek_Civil_War

Bhopal disaster
Bhopal disaster: A methyl isocyanate leak from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, kills more than 3,800 people outright and injures 150,000-600,000 others (some 6,000 of whom would later die from their injuries) in one of the worst industrial disasters in history.

#Bhopal_disaster

Groote Schuur Hospital
At Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa, a transplant team headed by Christiaan Barnard carries out the first heart transplant on a human (53-year-old Louis Washkansky).

#Groote_Schuur_Hospital

Cameroon Airlines Flight 3701
Cameroon Airlines Flight 3701 crashes on approach to Douala International Airport in Douala, Cameroon, killing 71 of the 76 people on board.

#Cameroon_Airlines_Flight_3701

Times Beach, Missouri
A soil sample is taken from Times Beach, Missouri, that will be found to contain 300 times the safe level of dioxin.

#Times_Beach,_Missouri

Bulgaria
Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with the Ottoman Empire, temporarily halting the First Balkan War. (The armistice will expire on February 3, 1913, and hostilities will resume.)

#Bulgaria

PlayStation (console)
The PlayStation developed and marketed by Sony Computer Entertainment was released in Japan

#PlayStation_(console)

Turkish-Armenian War
Following more than a month of Turkish-Armenian War, the Turkish dictated Treaty of Alexandropol is concluded.

#Turkish-Armenian_War

XCOR Aerospace makes the first manned rocket aircraft delivery of U.S. Mail in Kern County, California.
A test engineer for Sema Group uses a personal computer to send the world's first text message via the Vodafone network to the phone of a colleague.
The musical Camelot debuts at the Majestic Theatre on Broadway. It will become associated with the Kennedy administration.
Putting Pants on Philip, the first Laurel and Hardy film, is released.
In a State of the Union message, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt delivers a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives asking Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits".
The Duquesne Country and Athletic Club defeated an all-star collection of early football players 16-0, in what is considered to be the very first all-star game for professional American football.
Battle of the Eureka Stockade: More than 20 gold miners at Ballarat, Victoria, are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences.
The USS Alfred becomes the first vessel to fly the Grand Union Flag (the precursor to the Stars and Stripes); the flag is hoisted by John Paul Jones.
Pope John X crowned Berengar I of Italy as Holy Roman Emperor.