History Events on December 02
Great Depression: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President Herbert Hoover proposes a $150 million (equivalent to $2,250,000,000 in 2018) public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.
Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, and Umm al-Quwain form the United Arab Emirates.
Korean War: Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River ended, with decisive Chinese victory, UN forces were completely expelled from North Korea.
Cold War: The United States Senate votes 65 to 22 to censure Joseph McCarthy for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute".
French President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte overthrows the Second Republic.
At Tremont Temple in Boston, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.
Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
World War I: Russia and the Central Powers sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk, and peace talks leading to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk begin.
Puyi becomes Emperor of China at the age of two.
Manifest destiny: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James K. Polk proposes that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.
Salvadoran Civil War: Four American missionaries are raped and murdered by a death squad.
Space Shuttle program: STS-61: NASA launches the Space Shuttle Endeavour on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.
San Bernardino attack: Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik kill 14 people and wound 22 at the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, California.
Pope Innocent IV arrives at Lyon for the First Council of Lyon
The Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty, between the United States and Taiwan, is signed in Washington, D.C.
Canada and Poland become the first nations to recognize the independence of Ukraine from the Soviet Union.
Following 19 years of Ford Model T production, the Ford Motor Company unveils the Ford Model A as its new automobile.
Franz Joseph I becomes Emperor of Austria.
St Paul's Cathedral is consecrated in London.
Philippine-American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.
Laotian Civil War: The Pathet Lao seizes the Laotian capital of Vientiane, forces the abdication of King Sisavang Vatthana, and proclaims the Lao People's Democratic Republic.
Monroe Doctrine: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James Monroe proclaims American neutrality in future European conflicts, and warns European powers not to interfere in the Americas.
World War II: During the Manhattan Project, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiates the first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction.
New York City's LaGuardia Airport opens.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte becomes Emperor of the French as Napoleon III.
World War II: A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks numerous cargo and transport ships, including the American SS John Harvey, which is carrying a stockpile of World War I-era mustard gas.
Fidel Castro becomes President of Cuba, replacing Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado.
Alabama ratifies 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, followed by North Carolina then Georgia, and U.S. slaves were legally free within two weeks
Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others is adopted.
In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro declares that he is a Marxist-Leninist and that Cuba is going to adopt Communism.
Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first woman to head the government of an Islam-dominated state.
The Granma reaches the shores of Cuba's Oriente Province. Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and 80 other members of the 26th of July Movement disembark to initiate the Cuban Revolution.
Dedication of the Touro Synagogue, in Newport, Rhode Island, the first synagogue in what will become the United States.
Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar is shot and killed in Medellín.
Militant abolitionist leader John Brown is hanged for his October 16 raid on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency begins operations.
The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive following the Good Friday Agreement.
Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official to comment adversely on the war's progress.
War of the Third Coalition: Battle of Austerlitz: French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte decisively defeat a joint Russo-Austrian force.