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History Events on December 02


Great Depression
Great Depression: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President Herbert Hoover proposes a $150 million (equivalent to $2,250,000,000 in 2018) public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.

#Great_Depression

Emirate of Abu Dhabi
Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, and Umm al-Quwain form the United Arab Emirates.

#Emirate_of_Abu_Dhabi

Korean War
Korean War: Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River ended, with decisive Chinese victory, UN forces were completely expelled from North Korea.

#Korean_War

McCarthyism
Cold War: The United States Senate votes 65 to 22 to censure Joseph McCarthy for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute".

#McCarthyism

Napoleon III
French President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte overthrows the Second Republic.

#Napoleon_III

Tremont Temple
At Tremont Temple in Boston, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.

#Tremont_Temple

Enron
Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

#Enron

World War I
World War I: Russia and the Central Powers sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk, and peace talks leading to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk begin.

#World_War_I

Puyi
Puyi becomes Emperor of China at the age of two.

#Puyi

Manifest destiny
Manifest destiny: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James K. Polk proposes that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.

#Manifest_destiny

Salvadoran Civil War
Salvadoran Civil War: Four American missionaries are raped and murdered by a death squad.

#Salvadoran_Civil_War

Space Shuttle program
Space Shuttle program: STS-61: NASA launches the Space Shuttle Endeavour on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.

#Space_Shuttle_program

2015 San Bernardino attack
San Bernardino attack: Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik kill 14 people and wound 22 at the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, California.

#2015_San_Bernardino_attack

Pope Innocent IV
Pope Innocent IV arrives at Lyon for the First Council of Lyon

#Pope_Innocent_IV

Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty
The Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty, between the United States and Taiwan, is signed in Washington, D.C.

#Sino-American_Mutual_Defense_Treaty

Ukraine
Canada and Poland become the first nations to recognize the independence of Ukraine from the Soviet Union.

#Ukraine

Ford Model T
Following 19 years of Ford Model T production, the Ford Motor Company unveils the Ford Model A as its new automobile.

#Ford_Model_T

Franz Joseph I of Austria
Franz Joseph I becomes Emperor of Austria.

#Franz_Joseph_I_of_Austria

St Paul's Cathedral
St Paul's Cathedral is consecrated in London.

#St_Paul's_Cathedral

Philippine-American War
Philippine-American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.

#Philippine-American_War

Laotian Civil War
Laotian Civil War: The Pathet Lao seizes the Laotian capital of Vientiane, forces the abdication of King Sisavang Vatthana, and proclaims the Lao People's Democratic Republic.

#Laotian_Civil_War

Monroe Doctrine
Monroe Doctrine: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James Monroe proclaims American neutrality in future European conflicts, and warns European powers not to interfere in the Americas.

#Monroe_Doctrine

World War II
World War II: During the Manhattan Project, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiates the first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction.

#World_War_II

LaGuardia Airport
New York City's LaGuardia Airport opens.

#LaGuardia_Airport

Napoleon III
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte becomes Emperor of the French as Napoleon III.

#Napoleon_III

Air raid on Bari
World War II: A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks numerous cargo and transport ships, including the American SS John Harvey, which is carrying a stockpile of World War I-era mustard gas.

#Air_raid_on_Bari

Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro becomes President of Cuba, replacing Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado.

#Fidel_Castro

Alabama
Alabama ratifies 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, followed by North Carolina then Georgia, and U.S. slaves were legally free within two weeks

#Alabama

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others
Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others is adopted.

#Convention_for_the_Suppression_of_the_Traffic_in_Persons_and_of_the_Exploitation_of_the_Prostitution_of_Others

Cuba
In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro declares that he is a Marxist-Leninist and that Cuba is going to adopt Communism.

#Cuba

Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first woman to head the government of an Islam-dominated state.

#Benazir_Bhutto

Granma (yacht)
The Granma reaches the shores of Cuba's Oriente Province. Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and 80 other members of the 26th of July Movement disembark to initiate the Cuban Revolution.

#Granma_(yacht)

Touro Synagogue
Dedication of the Touro Synagogue, in Newport, Rhode Island, the first synagogue in what will become the United States.

#Touro_Synagogue

Colombia
Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar is shot and killed in Medellín.

#Colombia

Abolitionism in the United States
Militant abolitionist leader John Brown is hanged for his October 16 raid on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.

#Abolitionism_in_the_United_States

United States Environmental Protection Agency
The United States Environmental Protection Agency begins operations.

#United_States_Environmental_Protection_Agency

Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive following the Good Friday Agreement.

#Northern_Ireland

Vietnam War
Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official to comment adversely on the war's progress.

#Vietnam_War

War of the Third Coalition
War of the Third Coalition: Battle of Austerlitz: French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte decisively defeat a joint Russo-Austrian force.

#War_of_the_Third_Coalition

Thirty-six people die in a fire at a converted Oakland, California, warehouse serving as an artist collective.
The Communist insurgency in Malaysia was ended by peace agreement signed and ratified by the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) - Malaysian and Thai governments.
At the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 126 relating to Kashmir conflict is adopted.
Jerusalem Riots of 1947: Riots break out in Jerusalem in response to the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine.
At Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor of the French.
The University of Leipzig opens.