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History Events on December 01


Pedro I of Brazil
Peter I is crowned Emperor of Brazil.

#Pedro_I_of_Brazil

Northwest Airlines Flight 6231
Northwest Airlines Flight 6231, another Boeing 727, crashes northwest of John F. Kennedy International Airport.

#Northwest_Airlines_Flight_6231

World AIDS Day
World AIDS Day was proclaimed worldwide by the UN member states.

#World_AIDS_Day

Transylvania
Transylvania unites with Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia (March 27) and Bukovina (November 28), thus concluding the Great Union.

#Transylvania

Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney and Pete Best are arrested (and later deported) from Hamburg, West Germany, after accusations of attempted arson.

#Paul_McCartney

Bihar
In the Indian state of Bihar, Ranvir Sena attacked the CPI(ML) Party Unity stronghold Lakshmanpur-Bathe, killing 63 lower caste people.

#Bihar

Cold War
Cold War: Opening date for signature of the Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent.

#Cold_War

Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 metres beneath the seabed.

#Channel_Tunnel

Henry V of England
Henry V of England enters Paris.

#Henry_V_of_England

Charlemagne
Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

#Charlemagne

Vietnam War
Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam.

#Vietnam_War

NASA
NASA conducts the Controlled Impact Demonstration, wherein an airliner is deliberately crashed in order to test technologies and gather data to help improve survivability of crashes.

#NASA

Vicente Fox
Vicente Fox Quesada is inaugurated as the president of Mexico, marking the first peaceful transfer of executive federal power to an opposing political party following a free and democratic election in Mexico's history.

#Vicente_Fox

Ecatepec de Morelos
Ecatepec, State of Mexico, Mexico, becomes a city.

#Ecatepec_de_Morelos

Juan Lavalle
Argentine general Juan Lavalle makes a coup against governor Manuel Dorrego, beginning the Decembrist revolution.

#Juan_Lavalle

Crete
Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the First Balkan War, is annexed by Greece.

#Crete

Kingdom of Yugoslavia
The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is proclaimed.

#Kingdom_of_Yugoslavia

Our Lady of the Angels School fire
The Our Lady of the Angels School fire in Chicago kills 92 children and three nuns.

#Our_Lady_of_the_Angels_School_fire

Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308
Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308, a McDonnell Douglas MD-80, crashes in Corsica, killing all 180 people on board.

#Inex-Adria_Aviopromet_Flight_1308

Central African Republic
The Central African Republic attains self-rule within the French Union.

#Central_African_Republic

Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea gains self-governance from Australia.

#Papua_New_Guinea

Francis Walsingham
Francis Walsingham is knighted.

#Francis_Walsingham

World War II
World War II: Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives the final approval to initiate war against the United States.

#World_War_II

Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.

#Ford_Motor_Company

Cambodian Civil War
Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.

#Cambodian_Civil_War

Cape Colony
Slavery is abolished in the Cape Colony in accordance with the Slavery Abolition Act 1833.

#Cape_Colony

Ukraine
Cold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union.

#Ukraine

Draft lottery (1969)
Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.

#Draft_lottery_(1969)

1989 Philippine coup attempt
Philippine coup attempt: The right-wing military rebel Reform the Armed Forces Movement attempts to oust Philippine President Corazon Aquino in a failed bloody coup d'état.

#1989_Philippine_coup_attempt

Kingdom of Iceland
Iceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of the Danish kingdom.

#Kingdom_of_Iceland

Iberian Union
End of the Iberian Union: Portugal acclaims as King João IV of Portugal, ending 59 years of personal union of the crowns of Portugal and Spain and the end of the rule of the Philippine Dynasty.

#Iberian_Union

Shaw University
Shaw University, the first historically black university in the southern United States, is founded in Raleigh, North Carolina.

#Shaw_University

Slave ship
The former slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøya in Norway.

#Slave_ship

Cold War
Cold War: East Germany's parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the Communist Party the leading role in the state.

#Cold_War

Fiorello La Guardia
World War II: Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, signs Administrative Order 9, creating the Civil Air Patrol.

#Fiorello_La_Guardia

1824 United States presidential election
1824 United States presidential election: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task of deciding the winner in accordance with the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

#1824_United_States_presidential_election

TWA Flight 514
TWA Flight 514, a Boeing 727, crashes northwest of Dulles International Airport, killing all 92 people on board.

#TWA_Flight_514

Pinwheel is launched, which is now Nickelodeon.
American Civil Rights Movement: In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city's racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to that city's bus boycott.
The New York Daily News reports the news of Christine Jorgensen, the first notable case of sex reassignment surgery.
In the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergey Kirov is assassinated. Stalin uses the incident as a pretext to initiate the Great Purge.
The National Hockey League's first United States-based franchise, the Boston Bruins, played their first game in league play at home, at the still-extant Boston Arena indoor hockey facility.
Lady Astor becomes the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. (She had been elected to that position on November 28.)
The Buenos Aires Metro, the first underground railway system in the Southern Hemisphere and in Latin America, begins operation.
In his State of the Union Address President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.