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History Events on December 01

Pedro I of Brazil
Peter I is crowned Emperor of Brazil.


Northwest Airlines Flight 6231
Northwest Airlines Flight 6231, another Boeing 727, crashes northwest of John F. Kennedy International Airport.


World AIDS Day
World AIDS Day was proclaimed worldwide by the UN member states.


Transylvania unites with Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia (March 27) and Bukovina (November 28), thus concluding the Great Union.


Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney and Pete Best are arrested (and later deported) from Hamburg, West Germany, after accusations of attempted arson.


In the Indian state of Bihar, Ranvir Sena attacked the CPI(ML) Party Unity stronghold Lakshmanpur-Bathe, killing 63 lower caste people.


Cold War
Cold War: Opening date for signature of the Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent.


Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 metres beneath the seabed.


Henry V of England
Henry V of England enters Paris.


Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.


Vietnam War
Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam.


NASA conducts the Controlled Impact Demonstration, wherein an airliner is deliberately crashed in order to test technologies and gather data to help improve survivability of crashes.


Vicente Fox
Vicente Fox Quesada is inaugurated as the president of Mexico, marking the first peaceful transfer of executive federal power to an opposing political party following a free and democratic election in Mexico's history.


Ecatepec de Morelos
Ecatepec, State of Mexico, Mexico, becomes a city.


Juan Lavalle
Argentine general Juan Lavalle makes a coup against governor Manuel Dorrego, beginning the Decembrist revolution.


Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the First Balkan War, is annexed by Greece.


Kingdom of Yugoslavia
The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is proclaimed.


Our Lady of the Angels School fire
The Our Lady of the Angels School fire in Chicago kills 92 children and three nuns.


Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308
Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308, a McDonnell Douglas MD-80, crashes in Corsica, killing all 180 people on board.


Central African Republic
The Central African Republic attains self-rule within the French Union.


Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea gains self-governance from Australia.


Francis Walsingham
Francis Walsingham is knighted.


World War II
World War II: Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives the final approval to initiate war against the United States.


Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.


Cambodian Civil War
Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.


Cape Colony
Slavery is abolished in the Cape Colony in accordance with the Slavery Abolition Act 1833.


Cold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union.


Draft lottery (1969)
Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.


1989 Philippine coup attempt
Philippine coup attempt: The right-wing military rebel Reform the Armed Forces Movement attempts to oust Philippine President Corazon Aquino in a failed bloody coup d'état.


Kingdom of Iceland
Iceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of the Danish kingdom.


Iberian Union
End of the Iberian Union: Portugal acclaims as King João IV of Portugal, ending 59 years of personal union of the crowns of Portugal and Spain and the end of the rule of the Philippine Dynasty.


Shaw University
Shaw University, the first historically black university in the southern United States, is founded in Raleigh, North Carolina.


Slave ship
The former slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøya in Norway.


Cold War
Cold War: East Germany's parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the Communist Party the leading role in the state.


Fiorello La Guardia
World War II: Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, signs Administrative Order 9, creating the Civil Air Patrol.


1824 United States presidential election
1824 United States presidential election: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task of deciding the winner in accordance with the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.


TWA Flight 514
TWA Flight 514, a Boeing 727, crashes northwest of Dulles International Airport, killing all 92 people on board.


Pinwheel is launched, which is now Nickelodeon.
American Civil Rights Movement: In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city's racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to that city's bus boycott.
The New York Daily News reports the news of Christine Jorgensen, the first notable case of sex reassignment surgery.
In the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergey Kirov is assassinated. Stalin uses the incident as a pretext to initiate the Great Purge.
The National Hockey League's first United States-based franchise, the Boston Bruins, played their first game in league play at home, at the still-extant Boston Arena indoor hockey facility.
Lady Astor becomes the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. (She had been elected to that position on November 28.)
The Buenos Aires Metro, the first underground railway system in the Southern Hemisphere and in Latin America, begins operation.
In his State of the Union Address President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.