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History Events on August 07

The Chechnya-based Islamic International Brigade invades neighboring Dagestan.


Indian reservation
The first federal Indian Reservation is created by the United States.


Philippe Petit
Philippe Petit performs a high wire act between the twin towers of the World Trade Center 1,368 feet (417 m) in the air.


The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the south-eastern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes of North America.


Florence Cathedral
Construction of the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore begins in Florence.


Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, sells its first transistor radios in Japan.


Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon appoints Luis R. Bruce, a Mohawk-Oglala Sioux and co-founder of the National Congress of American Indians, as the new commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.


Simón Bolívar
Simón Bolívar triumphs over Spain in the Battle of Boyacá.


Vietnam War
Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.


Kingdom of Iraq
The Kingdom of Iraq slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Simele.


Mickey Leland
U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.


George Washington
George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.


United States Department of War
The United States Department of War is established.


1998 United States embassy bombings
Bombings at United States embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya kill approximately 212 people.


IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).


Battle of Gangut
The Battle of Gangut: The first important victory of the Russian Navy.


Lincoln Memorial
The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the "sheaves of wheat" design, and was minted until 2008.


Frances Oldham Kelsey
Canadian-born American pharmacologist Frances Oldham Kelsey awarded the U.S. President's Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service for her refusal to authorize thalidomide.


Alice Huyler Ramsey
Alice Huyler Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip, taking 59 days to travel from New York, New York to San Francisco, California.


Jimmy Carter
U.S. President Jimmy Carter declares a federal emergency at Love Canal due to toxic waste that had been disposed of negligently.


Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast becomes independent from France.


World War II
World War II: Alsace-Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich.


Gulf War
First American soldiers arrive in Saudi Arabia as part of the Gulf War.


Viking program
Viking program: Viking 2 enters orbit around Mars.


Takao Doi
Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan's first astronauts.


The Washington Star
The Washington Star ceases all operations after 128 years of publication.


Ming dynasty
The Ming dynasty Chinese military general Cao Qin stages a coup against the Tianshun Emperor.


Russo-Georgian War
The start of the Russo-Georgian War over the territory of South Ossetia.


President of the United States
U.S. President George Washington invokes the Militia Acts of 1792 to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania.


Thor Heyerdahl
Thor Heyerdahl's balsa wood raft the Kon-Tiki, smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101-day, 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) journey across the Pacific Ocean in an attempt to prove that pre-historic peoples could have traveled from South America.


Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
Coronation of King Otto I of Germany.


Miami people
American troops destroy the Miami town of Kenapacomaqua near the site of present-day Logansport, Indiana in the Northwest Indian War.


Roman Emperor Majorian is beheaded near the river Iria in north-west Italy following his arrest and deposition by the magister militum Ricimer.


Australian rules football
The first Australian rules football match is played between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College.


Soviet Union
The government of the Soviet Union presented a note to its Turkish counterparts which refuted the latter's sovereignty over the Turkish Straits, thus beginning the Turkish Straits crisis.


Lynne Cox
Lynne Cox becomes first person to swim from the United States to the Soviet Union, crossing the Bering Strait from Little Diomede Island in Alaska to Big Diomede in the Soviet Union


Peace Bridge
The Peace Bridge opens between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York.


The last confirmed lynching of blacks in the Northern United States occurs in Marion, Indiana; two men, Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, are killed.


Ada Deer
Ada Deer, a Menominee activist, sworn in as the head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.


California judge Harold Haley is taken hostage in his courtroom and killed during an effort to free George Jackson from police custody.
Explorer program: Explorer 6 launches from the Atlantic Missile Range in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
The Bombay Municipal Corporation formally takes over the Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST).
World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal begins as the United States Marines initiate the first American offensive of the war with landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.
The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.
Anna Månsdotter becomes the last woman in Sweden to be executed, for the 1889 Yngsjö murder.
The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester, England.
Battle of Guinegate, French troops of King Louis XI were defeated by the Burgundians led by Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg.
The Visconti of Milan's fleet is destroyed by the Venetians on the Po River.
Pope Stephen II is elected to office, and quickly seeks Frankish protection against the Lombard threat, since the Byzantine Empire is no longer able to help.
The Avar and Slav armies leave the siege of Constantinople.
Battle of Crannon between Athens and Macedonia.