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History Events on August 07


Chechnya
The Chechnya-based Islamic International Brigade invades neighboring Dagestan.

#Chechnya

Indian reservation
The first federal Indian Reservation is created by the United States.

#Indian_reservation

Philippe Petit
Philippe Petit performs a high wire act between the twin towers of the World Trade Center 1,368 feet (417 m) in the air.

#Philippe_Petit

Brigantine
The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the south-eastern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes of North America.

#Brigantine

Florence Cathedral
Construction of the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore begins in Florence.

#Florence_Cathedral

Sony
Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, sells its first transistor radios in Japan.

#Sony

Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon appoints Luis R. Bruce, a Mohawk-Oglala Sioux and co-founder of the National Congress of American Indians, as the new commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

#Richard_Nixon

Simón Bolívar
Simón Bolívar triumphs over Spain in the Battle of Boyacá.

#Simón_Bolívar

Vietnam War
Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.

#Vietnam_War

Kingdom of Iraq
The Kingdom of Iraq slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Simele.

#Kingdom_of_Iraq

Mickey Leland
U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.

#Mickey_Leland

George Washington
George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.

#George_Washington

United States Department of War
The United States Department of War is established.

#United_States_Department_of_War

1998 United States embassy bombings
Bombings at United States embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya kill approximately 212 people.

#1998_United_States_embassy_bombings

IBM
IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).

#IBM

Battle of Gangut
The Battle of Gangut: The first important victory of the Russian Navy.

#Battle_of_Gangut

Lincoln Memorial
The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the "sheaves of wheat" design, and was minted until 2008.

#Lincoln_Memorial

Frances Oldham Kelsey
Canadian-born American pharmacologist Frances Oldham Kelsey awarded the U.S. President's Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service for her refusal to authorize thalidomide.

#Frances_Oldham_Kelsey

Alice Huyler Ramsey
Alice Huyler Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip, taking 59 days to travel from New York, New York to San Francisco, California.

#Alice_Huyler_Ramsey

Jimmy Carter
U.S. President Jimmy Carter declares a federal emergency at Love Canal due to toxic waste that had been disposed of negligently.

#Jimmy_Carter

Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast becomes independent from France.

#Ivory_Coast

World War II
World War II: Alsace-Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich.

#World_War_II

Gulf War
First American soldiers arrive in Saudi Arabia as part of the Gulf War.

#Gulf_War

Viking program
Viking program: Viking 2 enters orbit around Mars.

#Viking_program

Takao Doi
Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan's first astronauts.

#Takao_Doi

The Washington Star
The Washington Star ceases all operations after 128 years of publication.

#The_Washington_Star

Ming dynasty
The Ming dynasty Chinese military general Cao Qin stages a coup against the Tianshun Emperor.

#Ming_dynasty

Russo-Georgian War
The start of the Russo-Georgian War over the territory of South Ossetia.

#Russo-Georgian_War

President of the United States
U.S. President George Washington invokes the Militia Acts of 1792 to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania.

#President_of_the_United_States

Thor Heyerdahl
Thor Heyerdahl's balsa wood raft the Kon-Tiki, smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101-day, 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) journey across the Pacific Ocean in an attempt to prove that pre-historic peoples could have traveled from South America.

#Thor_Heyerdahl

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
Coronation of King Otto I of Germany.

#Otto_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

Miami people
American troops destroy the Miami town of Kenapacomaqua near the site of present-day Logansport, Indiana in the Northwest Indian War.

#Miami_people

Majorian
Roman Emperor Majorian is beheaded near the river Iria in north-west Italy following his arrest and deposition by the magister militum Ricimer.

#Majorian

Australian rules football
The first Australian rules football match is played between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College.

#Australian_rules_football

Soviet Union
The government of the Soviet Union presented a note to its Turkish counterparts which refuted the latter's sovereignty over the Turkish Straits, thus beginning the Turkish Straits crisis.

#Soviet_Union

Lynne Cox
Lynne Cox becomes first person to swim from the United States to the Soviet Union, crossing the Bering Strait from Little Diomede Island in Alaska to Big Diomede in the Soviet Union

#Lynne_Cox

Peace Bridge
The Peace Bridge opens between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York.

#Peace_Bridge

Lynching
The last confirmed lynching of blacks in the Northern United States occurs in Marion, Indiana; two men, Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, are killed.

#Lynching

Ada Deer
Ada Deer, a Menominee activist, sworn in as the head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

#Ada_Deer

California judge Harold Haley is taken hostage in his courtroom and killed during an effort to free George Jackson from police custody.
Explorer program: Explorer 6 launches from the Atlantic Missile Range in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
The Bombay Municipal Corporation formally takes over the Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST).
World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal begins as the United States Marines initiate the first American offensive of the war with landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.
The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.
Anna Månsdotter becomes the last woman in Sweden to be executed, for the 1889 Yngsjö murder.
The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester, England.
Battle of Guinegate, French troops of King Louis XI were defeated by the Burgundians led by Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg.
The Visconti of Milan's fleet is destroyed by the Venetians on the Po River.
Pope Stephen II is elected to office, and quickly seeks Frankish protection against the Lombard threat, since the Byzantine Empire is no longer able to help.
The Avar and Slav armies leave the siege of Constantinople.
Battle of Crannon between Athens and Macedonia.