History Events on August 07
The Chechnya-based Islamic International Brigade invades neighboring Dagestan.
The first federal Indian Reservation is created by the United States.
Philippe Petit performs a high wire act between the twin towers of the World Trade Center 1,368 feet (417 m) in the air.
The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the south-eastern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes of North America.
Construction of the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore begins in Florence.
Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, sells its first transistor radios in Japan.
Richard Nixon appoints Luis R. Bruce, a Mohawk-Oglala Sioux and co-founder of the National Congress of American Indians, as the new commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Simón Bolívar triumphs over Spain in the Battle of Boyacá.
Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.
The Kingdom of Iraq slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Simele.
U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.
George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.
The United States Department of War is established.
Bombings at United States embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya kill approximately 212 people.
IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
The Battle of Gangut: The first important victory of the Russian Navy.
The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the "sheaves of wheat" design, and was minted until 2008.
Canadian-born American pharmacologist Frances Oldham Kelsey awarded the U.S. President's Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service for her refusal to authorize thalidomide.
Alice Huyler Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip, taking 59 days to travel from New York, New York to San Francisco, California.
U.S. President Jimmy Carter declares a federal emergency at Love Canal due to toxic waste that had been disposed of negligently.
Ivory Coast becomes independent from France.
World War II: Alsace-Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich.
First American soldiers arrive in Saudi Arabia as part of the Gulf War.
Viking program: Viking 2 enters orbit around Mars.
Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan's first astronauts.
The Washington Star ceases all operations after 128 years of publication.
The Ming dynasty Chinese military general Cao Qin stages a coup against the Tianshun Emperor.
The start of the Russo-Georgian War over the territory of South Ossetia.
U.S. President George Washington invokes the Militia Acts of 1792 to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania.
Thor Heyerdahl's balsa wood raft the Kon-Tiki, smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101-day, 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) journey across the Pacific Ocean in an attempt to prove that pre-historic peoples could have traveled from South America.
Coronation of King Otto I of Germany.
American troops destroy the Miami town of Kenapacomaqua near the site of present-day Logansport, Indiana in the Northwest Indian War.
Roman Emperor Majorian is beheaded near the river Iria in north-west Italy following his arrest and deposition by the magister militum Ricimer.
The first Australian rules football match is played between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College.
The government of the Soviet Union presented a note to its Turkish counterparts which refuted the latter's sovereignty over the Turkish Straits, thus beginning the Turkish Straits crisis.
Lynne Cox becomes first person to swim from the United States to the Soviet Union, crossing the Bering Strait from Little Diomede Island in Alaska to Big Diomede in the Soviet Union
The Peace Bridge opens between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York.
The last confirmed lynching of blacks in the Northern United States occurs in Marion, Indiana; two men, Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, are killed.
Ada Deer, a Menominee activist, sworn in as the head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.