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History Events on April 25

Battle of Marks' Mills
American Civil War: The Battle of Marks' Mills.


Spanish-American War
Spanish-American War: The United States declares war on Spain.


In Israel, John Demjanjuk is sentenced to death for war crimes committed in World War II.


Governor General of Canada
The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.


Admiral Lysander and King Pausanias of Sparta blockade Athens and bring the Peloponnesian War to a successful conclusion.


Charles Fremantle
Charles Fremantle arrives in HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.


Elbe Day
Elbe Day: United States and Soviet troops meet in Torgau along the River Elbe, cutting the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany in two.


Liberation Day (Italy)
Liberation Day (Italy): The Nazi occupation army surrenders and leaves Northern Italy after a general partisan insurrection by the Italian resistance movement; the puppet fascist regime dissolves and Benito Mussolini is captured after trying to escape. This day was set as a public holiday to celebrate the Liberation of Italy.


Anzac Day
Anzac Day is commemorated for the first time on the first anniversary of the landing at ANZAC Cove.


Saint Lawrence Seaway
The Saint Lawrence Seaway, linking the North American Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean, officially opens to shipping.


Violeta Chamorro
Violeta Chamorro takes office as the President of Nicaragua, the first woman to hold the position.


Solar cell
The first practical solar cell is publicly demonstrated by Bell Telephone Laboratories.


Bulgaria and Romania sign accession treaties to join the European Union.


Mswati III
Mswati III is crowned King of Swaziland, succeeding his father Sobhuza II.


Kingdom of Imereti
The western Georgian kingdom of Imereti accepts the suzerainty of the Russian Empire.


La Marseillaise
"La Marseillaise" (the French national anthem) is composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.


Carnation Revolution
Carnation Revolution: A leftist military coup in Portugal overthrows the authoritarian-conservative Estado Novo regime and establishes a democratic government.


French Third Republic
French and Vietnamese troops clashed in Tonkin, when Commandant Henri Rivière seized the citadel of Hanoi with a small force of marine infantry.


Cold War
Cold War: American schoolgirl Samantha Smith is invited to visit the Soviet Union by its leader Yuri Andropov after he read her letter in which she expressed fears about nuclear war.


Tsuruga Nuclear Power Plant
More than 100 workers are exposed to radiation during repairs of at the Tsuruga Nuclear Power Plant in Japan.


People's Army of Vietnam
As North Vietnamese forces close in on the South Vietnamese capital Saigon, the Australian Embassy is closed and evacuated, almost ten years to the day since the first Australian troop commitment to South Vietnam.


April 2015 Nepal earthquake
Nearly 9,100 are killed after a massive 7.8 magnitude earthquake strikes Nepal.


American Civil War
American Civil War: Forces under U.S. Admiral David Farragut demand the surrender of the Confederate city of New Orleans, Louisiana.


Pioneer 10
Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto's orbit.


Battle of Almansa
A coalition of Britain, the Netherlands and Portugal is defeated by a Franco-Spanish army at Almansa (Spain) in the War of the Spanish Succession.


Lapland War
The last German troops retreat from Finland's soil in Lapland, ending the Lapland War. Military acts of Second World War end in Finland.


Francis Crick
Francis Crick and James Watson publish "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid" describing the double helix structure of DNA.


Israel completes its withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula per the Camp David Accords.


Boris Yeltsin
Boris Yeltsin's funeral: The first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.


Robert Noyce
Robert Noyce is granted a patent for an integrated circuit.


The name Zagreb was mentioned for the first time in the Felician Charter relating to the establishment of the Zagreb Bishopric around 1094.


Obelisk of Axum
The final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937.


United Nations Conference on International Organization
United Nations Conference on International Organization: Founding negotiations for the United Nations begin in San Francisco.


USS Triton (SSRN-586)
The United States Navy submarine USS Triton completes the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe.


Suez Canal
British and French engineers break ground for the Suez Canal.


After mistreatment and disfigurement by the citizens of Rome, pope Leo III flees to the Frankish court of king Charlemagne at Paderborn for protection.


Chongzhen Emperor
The Chongzhen Emperor, the last Emperor of Ming dynasty China, commits suicide during a peasant rebellion led by Li Zicheng.


Michele Alboreto
Michele Alboreto is killed while testing an Audi R8 at the Lausitzring in Germany.


Thornton Affair
Thornton Affair: Open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican-American War.


Korean War
Korean War: Assaulting Chinese forces are forced to withdraw after heavy fighting with UN forces, primarily made up of Australian and Canadian troops, at the Battle of Kapyong.


Eighty Years' War
Eighty Years' War: The Dutch fleet destroys the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar.


San Remo conference
At the San Remo conference, the principal Allied Powers of World War I adopt a resolution to determine the allocation of Class "A" League of Nations mandates for administration of the former Ottoman-ruled lands of the Middle East.


Vietnam War
Vietnam War: Nguyen Hue Offensive: The North Vietnamese 320th Division forces 5,000 South Vietnamese troops to retreat and traps about 2,500 others northwest of Kontum.


Highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier becomes the first person executed by guillotine.


The March for Women's Lives brings between 500,000 and 800,000 protesters, mostly pro-choice, to Washington D.C. to protest the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003, and other restrictions on abortion.
The United Negro College Fund is incorporated.
Merkið, the flag of the Faroe Islands is approved by the British occupation government.
U.S. Supreme Court delivers its opinion in Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins and overturns a century of federal common law.
World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli begins: The invasion of the Turkish Gallipoli Peninsula by British, French, Indian, Newfoundland, Australian and New Zealand troops, begins with landings at Anzac Cove and Cape Helles.
New York becomes the first U.S. state to require automobile license plates.
The Battle of Bagrevand puts an end to an Armenian rebellion against the Abbasid Caliphate. Muslim control over Transcaucasia is solidified and its Islamization begins, while several major Armenian nakharar families lose power and their remnants flee to the Byzantine Empire.