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  • Thursday, April 25, 2024

History Events on April 01

Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years imprisonment for his participation in the "Beer Hall Putsch" but spends only nine months in jail.


Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal)
Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal) cadres attack a number of police stations in Kathmandu, seeking to incite a popular rebellion.


Apple Inc.
Apple Inc. is formed by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne in Cupertino, California, USA.


Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War: The Chinese Communist Party holds unsuccessful peace talks with the Nationalist Party in Beijing, after three years of fighting.


Emperor Diocletian elevates his general Maximian to co-emperor with the rank of Augustus and gives him control over the Western regions of the Roman Empire.


Robert II of France
Robert II of France is married to Rozala of Italy. The marriage is arranged by his father, King Hugh Capet.


Singapore becomes a British crown colony.


World War II
World War II: The Tenth United States Army attacks the Thirty-Second Japanese Army on Okinawa.


Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher's new local government tax, the Community Charge (commonly known as the "poll tax"), is introduced in Scotland.


Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.


Wrigley Company
The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.


Bangladesh Liberation War
Bangladesh Liberation War: The Pakistan Army massacre over 1,000 people in Keraniganj Upazila, Bangladesh.


Royal Air Force
The Royal Air Force is created by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.


Cold War
Cold War: Communist forces respond to the introduction of the Deutsche Mark by attempting to force the western powers to withdraw from Berlin.


Nova Scotia
The government of Nova Scotia amalgamated the City of Halifax and the over 200 communities around the area to create the Halifax Regional Municipality.


Hawker Siddeley Harrier
The Hawker Siddeley Harrier, the first operational fighter aircraft with Vertical/Short Takeoff and Landing capabilities, entered service with the Royal Air Force.


White Star Line
The White Star steamer RMS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, killing 547 in one of the worst marine disasters of the 19th century.


Aden becomes a British crown colony.


Royal Canadian Air Force
The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.


New York City
In New York City, the United States House of Representatives achieves its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first Speaker.


Dwight D. Eisenhower
United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado.


Project Tiger
Project Tiger, a tiger conservation project, is launched in the Jim Corbett National Park, India.


President of Yugoslavia
Former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Miloševi? surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on war crimes charges.


Comet Hale-Bopp
Comet Hale-Bopp is seen passing at perihelion.


Television Infrared Observation Satellite
The TIROS-1 satellite transmits the first television picture from space.


Potosí, Bolivia, is founded after the discovery of huge silver deposits in the area.


English cricketer Wally Hammond set a record for the highest individual Test innings of 336 not out, during a Test match against New Zealand.


Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens' novel Hard Times begins serialisation in his magazine Household Words.


The EOKA rebellion against the British Empire begins in Cyprus, with the goal of unifying with Greece.


Local Government Act 1972
The Local Government Act 1972 of England and Wales comes into effect.


1946 Aleutian Islands earthquake
The 8.6 Mw? Aleutian Islands earthquake shakes the Aleutian Islands with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). A destructive tsunami reaches the Hawaiian Islands resulting in dozens of deaths, mostly in Hilo, Hawaii.


Google announces Gmail to the public.


Royal New Zealand Air Force
The Royal New Zealand Air Force is formed as an independent service.


Territorial Force
The Territorial Force (renamed Territorial Army in 1920) is formed as a volunteer reserve component of the British Army.


Richard Nixon
President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, requiring the Surgeon General's warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertising on television and radio in the United States, effective 1 January 1971.


Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War: Jaén, Spain is bombed by German fascist forces, supporting Francoist Nationalists.


Chief petty officer (United States)
The rank of Chief Petty Officer in the United States Navy is established.


Majorian is acclaimed emperor by the Roman army after defeating 900 Alemanni near Lake Maggiore (Italy).


Eighty Years' War
In the Eighty Years' War, the Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Seventeen Provinces, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.


Navigation errors lead to an accidental American bombing of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen.


Niels Ebbesen
Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.


AMC Gremlin
The first of over 670,000 AMC Gremlins were released into North America to compete with foreign imported cars.


Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands gain autonomy from Denmark.


Reserve Bank of India
India's central banking institution, The Reserve Bank of India is formed.


Samuel Morey
Samuel Morey received a patent for a compressionless "Gas or Vapor Engine".


Iran becomes an Islamic republic by a 99% vote, officially overthrowing the Shah.


Serious Organised Crime Agency
Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) of the Government of the United Kingdom is enforced, but later merged into National Crime Agency on 7 October 2013.


Portuguese Empire
A combined Spanish and Portuguese fleet of 52 ships commences the recapture of Bahia from the Dutch during the Dutch-Portuguese War.


American Civil War
American Civil War: Union troops led by Philip Sheridan decisively defeat Confederate troops led by George Pickett, cutting the Army of Northern Virginia's last supply line.


1941 Iraqi coup d'état
A military coup in Iraq overthrows the regime of 'Abd al-Ilah and installs Rashid Ali al-Gaylani as Prime Minister.


Nagorno-Karabakh clashes: The Four Day War or April War, began along the Nagorno-Karabakh line of contact on April 1.
After protests against the burning of the Quran turn violent, a mob attacks a United Nations compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan, resulting in the deaths of thirteen people, including eight foreign workers.
Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the Netherlands, the first contemporary country to allow it.
An EP-3E United States Navy surveillance aircraft collides with a Chinese People's Liberation Army Shenyang J-8 fighter jet. The Navy crew makes an emergency landing in Hainan, China and is detained.
The Philippine College of Commerce, through a presidential decree, becomes the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
The Government of Canada repeals Japanese-Canadian internment after seven years.
The only mutiny in the history of the Royal New Zealand Navy begins.
Fântâna Alb? massacre: Between 200 and 2,000 Romanian civilians are killed by Soviet Border Troops.
Spanish Civil War: Generalísimo Francisco Franco of the Spanish State announces the end of the Spanish Civil War, when the last of the Republican forces surrender.
The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany, ushering in a series of anti-Semitic acts.
The University of Northern Colorado was established, as the Colorado State Normal School.
The 3rd Duke of Buckingham opened the Brill Tramway, a short railway line to transport goods between his lands and the national rail network.
The Convention of 1833, a political gathering of settlers in Mexican Texas to help draft a series of petitions to the Mexican government, begins in San Felipe de Austin
Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by Scotland from England.
Robert Winchelsey leaves England for Rome, to be consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.
Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, was defeated by knights loyal to King Henry III of England in the Battle of the Curragh in Ireland.
The daughter of Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei was made the "Emperor" as a male heir of the late emperor by Empress Dowager Hu. Deposed and replaced by Yuan Zhao the next day, she was the first female monarch in the History of China, but is not widely recognised.
Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne.
Crown Prince Jin Chengdi, age 4, succeeds his father Jin Mingdi as emperor of the Eastern Jin dynasty.
According to one historian's account, Jesus Christ's Last Supper is held.