• Weather icon 52ºc, New York
  • Saturday, June 3, 2023

History Deaths on March 31

Olaudah Equiano
Olaudah Equiano, Nigerian merchant, author, and activist (b.1745)


James Rosenquist
James Rosenquist, American artist (b. 1933)


Jean Moréas
Jean Moréas, Greek poet, essayist and art critic (b. 1856)


Antoine Augustin Cournot
Antoine Augustin Cournot, French mathematician and philosopher (b. 1801)


Henryk Wieniawski
Henryk Wieniawski, Polish violinist and composer (b. 1835)


Jackie McLean
Jackie McLean, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1931)


Denise Robertson
Denise Robertson, British writer and television broadcaster (b. 1932)


Anne Hyde
Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (b. 1637)


Clifford Shull
Clifford Shull, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)


Bob Clarke (illustrator)
Bob Clarke, American illustrator (b. 1926)


Ronnie Corbett
Ronnie Corbett, Scottish comedian, actor and screenwriter (b. 1930)


John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun, American lawyer and politician, 7th Vice President of the United States (b. 1782)


Enid Bagnold
Enid Bagnold, English author and playwright (b. 1889)


Nipsey Hussle
Nipsey Hussle, American rapper (b. 1985)


Anne Gwynne
Anne Gwynne, American actress (b. 1918)


Paul Strand
Paul Strand, American photographer and director (b. 1890)


Frederick, Prince of Wales
Frederick, Prince of Wales, Hanoverian-born heir to the British throne (b. 1707)[better source needed]


Gilbert Baker (artist)
Gilbert Baker, American artist and LGBT rights activist (b. 1951)


J. P. Morgan
J. P. Morgan, American banker and financier (b. 1837)


Knute Rockne
Knute Rockne, American football player and coach (b. 1888)


Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse (b. 1504)


Jules Dassin
Jules Dassin, American director, producer, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1911)


Ralph DePalma
Ralph DePalma, Italian-American race car driver and actor (b. 1884)


John Constable
John Constable, English painter and educator (b. 1776)


Tommy Seebach
Tommy Seebach, Danish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1949)


Brandon Lee
Brandon Lee, American actor and martial artist (b. 1965)


Charles Amarin Brand
Charles Amarin Brand, French archbishop (b. 1920)


Kang Youwei
Kang Youwei, Chinese scholar and political reformer (b. 1858)


Gonzalo Anes
Gonzalo Anes, Spanish economist, historian, and academic (b. 1931)


Alberto Sughi
Alberto Sughi, Italian painter (b. 1928)


George Charles Haité
George Charles Haité, English painter and illustrator (b. 1855)


Jerry Lynch
Jerry Lynch, American baseball player (b. 1930)


Franz Abt
Franz Abt, German composer and conductor (b. 1819)


Ahmad Sayyed Javadi
Ahmad Sayyed Javadi, Iranian lawyer and politician, Iranian Minister of Interior (b. 1917)


Galusha A. Grow
Galusha A. Grow, American lawyer and politician, 28th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1823)


Ernie Bridge
Ernie Bridge, Australian singer and politician (b. 1936)


Jerry Paris
Jerry Paris, American actor and director (b. 1925)


Bella Abzug
Bella Abzug, American lawyer, activist, and politician (b. 1920)


Christina Stead
Christina Stead, Australian author and academic (b. 1902)


William McMahon
William McMahon, Australian lawyer and politician, 20th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1908)


Zaha Hadid
Zaha Hadid, Iraqi-born English architect and academic, designed the Bridge Pavilion (b. 1950)


Jeffrey Lee Pierce
Jeffrey Lee Pierce, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1958)


Carlos Gaviria Díaz
Carlos Gaviria Díaz, Colombian lawyer and politician (b. 1937)


Roger Somville
Roger Somville, Belgian painter (b. 1923)


Semyon Timoshenko
Semyon Timoshenko, Soviet Commander during the Winter War and the Eastern Front of World War II (b. 1894)


Wyndham Halswelle
Wyndham Halswelle, English-Scottish runner and captain (b. 1882)


Pieter Burman the Elder
Pieter Burman the Elder, Dutch scholar and author (b. 1668)


Ivan I of Moscow
Ivan I of Moscow, Russian Grand Duke (b. 1288)


Astrid Allwyn
Astrid Allwyn, American actress (b. 1905)


Mary Greyeyes
Mary Greyeyes, the first First Nations woman to join the Canadian Armed Forces (b. 1920)


Francis I of France
Francis I, French king (b. 1494)


Hans-Dietrich Genscher
Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German politician (b. 1927)


Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon
Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, English soldier and politician, 14th Colonial Governor of New York (b. 1661)


Selena, American singer-songwriter (b. 1971)


Grover Lowdermilk
Grover Lowdermilk, American baseball player (b. 1885)


Imre Kertész
Imre Kertész, Hungarian author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1929)


Mineichi Koga
Mineichi Koga, Japanese admiral (b. 1885)


Dante Giacosa
Dante Giacosa, Italian automobile designer and engineer (b. 1905)


Emil von Behring
Emil von Behring, German physiologist and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1854)


Hans Fischer
Hans Fischer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)


Charlotte Brontë
Charlotte Brontë, English novelist and poet (b. 1816)


Vladimír Holan
Vladimír Holan, Czech poet and author (b. 1905)


John Donne
John Donne, English lawyer and poet (b. 1572)


Raúl Alfonsín
Raúl Alfonsín, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 46th President of Argentina (b. 1927)


Philip III of Spain
Philip III, Spanish king (b. 1578)


Jesse Owens
Jesse Owens, American sprinter and long jumper (b. 1913)


Dalibor Vesely, Czech-English historian, author, and academic (b. 1934)
Cocoa Fujiwara, Japanese author and illustrator (b. 1983)
Betty Churcher, Australian painter, historian, and curator (b. 1931)
Dmitri Uchaykin, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1980)
Halbert White, American economist and academic (b. 1950)
Bernard O. Gruenke, American stained glass artist (b. 1914)
Dale R. Corson, American physicist and academic (b. 1914)
Judith Adams, New Zealand-Australian nurse and politician (b. 1943)
Henry Taub, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1927)
Ishbel MacAskill, Scottish singer and actress (b. 1941)
Oddvar Hansen, Norwegian footballer and coach (b. 1921)
Alan Fitzgerald, Australian journalist and author (b. 1935)
Gil Clancy, American boxer and trainer (b. 1922)
Choor Singh, Indian-Singaporean lawyer and judge (b. 1911)
Bill Keightley, American equipment manager (b. 1926)
Paul Watzlawick, Austrian-American psychologist and philosopher (b. 1921)
Frank Perdue, American businessman (b. 1920)
Justiniano Montano, Filipino lawyer and politician (b. 1905)
Stanley J. Korsmeyer, American oncologist and academic (b. 1951)
Scott Helvenston, American soldier (b. 1965)
Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter, English-Canadian mathematician and academic (b. 1907)
Moturu Udayam, Indian activist and politician (b. 1924)
Barry Took, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
David Rocastle, English footballer (b. 1967)
Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist and ethnographer (b. 1922)
Joel Ryce-Menuhin, American pianist (b. 1933)
Tim Flock, American race car driver (b. 1924)
Mitchell Parish, Lithuanian-American songwriter (b. 1900)
Charles Herbert Best, American-Canadian physiologist and biochemist, co-discovered Insulin (b. 1899)
Percy Alliss, English golfer (b. 1897)
Wallace H. White, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1877)
Robert Natus, Estonian architect (b. 1890)
Frank Findlay, New Zealand banker and politician (b. 1884)
Ioannis Tsangaridis, Greek general (b. 1887)
Georges V. Matchabelli, Georgian-American businessman and diplomat, founded Prince Matchabelli perfume (b. 1885)
Ludwig Schüler, German politician, Mayor of Marburg (b. 1836)
Gonzalo Méndez de Canço, Royal Governor of La Florida (b. 1554)
Bonaventura Tornielli, Italian Roman Catholic priest (b. 1411)
Isidore II of Constantinople, patriarch of Constantinople
Dionigi di Borgo San Sepolcro, Italian Augustinian monk
William of Modena, Italian bishop and diplomat
Pousa, voivode of Transylvania
Ahmad ibn Muhammad, Saffarid emir (b. 906)
Xiaoming, emperor of Northern Wei (b. 510)
Titus Pomponius Atticus, Roman nobleman of the Equestrian order (b. 109 BC)