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History Deaths on August 12


DJ Arafat
DJ Arafat, Ivoirian DJ and singer (b. 1986)

#DJ_Arafat

Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon
Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon, English soldier and politician, 56th Governor General of Canada (b. 1866)

#Freeman_Freeman-Thomas,_1st_Marquess_of_Willingdon

Thomas Smith (diplomat)
Thomas Smith, English scholar and diplomat (b. 1513)

#Thomas_Smith_(diplomat)

Louis II of Italy
Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 825)

#Louis_II_of_Italy

Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann, German author and critic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1875)

#Thomas_Mann

Giovanni Gabrieli
Giovanni Gabrieli, Italian organist and composer (b. 1557)

#Giovanni_Gabrieli

Arthur Griffith
Arthur Griffith, Irish journalist and politician, 3rd President of Dáil Éireann (b. 1871)

#Arthur_Griffith

Pauline Maier
Pauline Maier, American historian and academic (b. 1938)

#Pauline_Maier

Les Paul
Les Paul, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1915)

#Les_Paul

Jaakko Hintikka
Jaakko Hintikka, Finnish philosopher and academic (b. 1929)

#Jaakko_Hintikka

Albert Gallatin
Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, and politician, 4th United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1761)

#Albert_Gallatin

Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld
Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish botanist, geologist, mineralogist, and explorer (b. 1832)

#Adolf_Erik_Nordenskiöld

Futatsury? Jun'ichi
Futatsury? Jun'ichi, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1950)

#Futatsury?_Jun'ichi

Philippe de Champaigne
Philippe de Champaigne, Belgian-French painter and educator (b. 1602)

#Philippe_de_Champaigne

Francisco de Vitoria
Francisco de Vitoria, Spanish theologian (b. 1492)

#Francisco_de_Vitoria

Eliphalet Remington
Eliphalet Remington, American inventor and businessman, founded Remington Arms (b. 1793)

#Eliphalet_Remington

Richie Hayward
Richie Hayward, American drummer and songwriter (b. 1946)

#Richie_Hayward

Bobby Peel
Bobby Peel, English cricketer and umpire (b. 1857)

#Bobby_Peel

Yongle Emperor
Yongle, emperor of the Ming Empire (b. 1360)

#Yongle_Emperor

John Cage
John Cage, American composer and theorist (b. 1912)

#John_Cage

Pope Sixtus IV
Sixtus IV, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1414)

#Pope_Sixtus_IV

William Shockley
William Shockley, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)

#William_Shockley

Isaac Bonewits
Isaac Bonewits, American Druid, author, and activist; founded Ár nDraíocht Féin (b. 1949)

#Isaac_Bonewits

John Philip Holland
John Philip Holland, Irish engineer, designed HMS Holland 1 (b. 1840)

#John_Philip_Holland

Friedrich Schottky
Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician and academic (b. 1851)

#Friedrich_Schottky

Wilhelm Steinitz
Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian chess player and theoretician (b. 1836)

#Wilhelm_Steinitz

Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven
Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire (b. 1714)

#Peregrine_Bertie,_3rd_Duke_of_Ancaster_and_Kesteven

Dorothy Mackaill
Dorothy Mackaill, English-American actress (b. 1903)

#Dorothy_Mackaill

Jack Delano
Jack Delano, American photographer and composer (b. 1914)

#Jack_Delano

Merv Griffin
Merv Griffin, American actor, singer, and producer, created Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune (b. 1925)

#Merv_Griffin

Manfred Winkelhock
Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver (b. 1951)

#Manfred_Winkelhock

Sándor Bródy (writer)
Sándor Bródy, Hungarian journalist and author (b. 1863)

#Sándor_Bródy_(writer)

André Kim
André Kim, South Korean fashion designer (b. 1935)

#André_Kim

Prince Moriyoshi
Prince Moriyoshi, Japanese sh?gun (b. 1308)

#Prince_Moriyoshi

Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1915)

#Joseph_P._Kennedy_Jr.

Enos Slaughter
Enos Slaughter, American baseball player and manager (b. 1916)

#Enos_Slaughter

Karl Ziegler
Karl Ziegler, German chemist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1898)

#Karl_Ziegler

Mikhail Kamensky
Mikhail Kamensky, Russian field marshal (b. 1738)

#Mikhail_Kamensky

James B. Sumner
James B. Sumner, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)

#James_B._Sumner

Jean Drapeau
Jean Drapeau, Canadian lawyer and politician, 37th Mayor of Montreal (b. 1916)

#Jean_Drapeau

Leoš Janá?ek
Leoš Janá?ek, Czech composer and educator (b. 1854)

#Leoš_Janá?ek

Pope Innocent XI
Pope Innocent XI (b. 1611)

#Pope_Innocent_XI

Mark Gruenwald
Mark Gruenwald, American author and illustrator (b. 1953)

#Mark_Gruenwald

Guido de Marco
Guido de Marco, Maltese lawyer and politician, 6th President of Malta (b. 1931)

#Guido_de_Marco

Theodor Burchardi
Theodor Burchardi, German admiral (b. 1892)

#Theodor_Burchardi

Johannes Althusius
Johannes Althusius, German jurist and philosopher (b. 1557)

#Johannes_Althusius

Vladislaus III, Duke of Bohemia
Vladislaus III, duke of Bohemia

#Vladislaus_III,_Duke_of_Bohemia

Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick
Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, English nobleman

#Guy_de_Beauchamp,_10th_Earl_of_Warwick

Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh
Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, Irish-English politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (b. 1769)

#Robert_Stewart,_Viscount_Castlereagh

Charles Martel of Anjou
Charles Martel, king of Hungary (b. 1271)

#Charles_Martel_of_Anjou

George Stephenson
George Stephenson, English engineer and academic (b. 1781)

#George_Stephenson

David McLetchie
David McLetchie, Scottish lawyer and politician (b. 1952)

#David_McLetchie

Hendrik Petrus Berlage
Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Dutch architect, designed the Beurs van Berlage (b. 1856)

#Hendrik_Petrus_Berlage

Pyotr Boborykin
Pyotr Boborykin, Russian playwright and journalist (b. 1836)

#Pyotr_Boborykin

Helge Hagerup
Helge Hagerup, Norwegian playwright, poet and novelist (b. 1933)

#Helge_Hagerup

Godfrey Hounsfield
Godfrey Hounsfield, English biophysicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1919)

#Godfrey_Hounsfield

Sakuma Sh?zan
Sakuma Sh?zan, Japanese scholar and politician (b. 1811)

#Sakuma_Sh?zan

Meshulim Feish Lowy
Meshulim Feish Lowy, Hungarian-Canadian rabbi and author (b. 1921)

#Meshulim_Feish_Lowy

Rudolf I, Duke of Bavaria
Rudolf I, duke of Bavaria (b. 1274)

#Rudolf_I,_Duke_of_Bavaria

Thomas Chamberlain (soldier)
Thomas Chamberlain, American colonel (b. 1841)

#Thomas_Chamberlain_(soldier)

William Renshaw
William Renshaw, English tennis player (b. 1861)

#William_Renshaw

James Russell Lowell
James Russell Lowell, American poet and critic (b. 1819)

#James_Russell_Lowell

Nikolai Triik
Nikolai Triik, Estonian painter, illustrator, and academic (b. 1884)

#Nikolai_Triik

Joe Kubert
Joe Kubert, Polish-American illustrator, founded The Kubert School (b. 1926)

#Joe_Kubert

William Thompson (archer)
William Thompson, American archer (b. 1848)

#William_Thompson_(archer)

Loretta Young
Loretta Young, American actress (b. 1913)

#Loretta_Young

Kyu Sakamoto
Kyu Sakamoto, Japanese singer-songwriter (b. 1941)

#Kyu_Sakamoto

Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak
Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, Mughal vizier and historian (b. 1551)

#Abu'l-Fazl_ibn_Mubarak

Charles Sapinaud de La Rairie
Charles Sapinaud de La Rairie, French general (b. 1760)

#Charles_Sapinaud_de_La_Rairie

William Jackson Hooker
William Jackson Hooker, English botanist and academic (b. 1785)

#William_Jackson_Hooker

William Blake
William Blake, English poet and painter (b. 1757)

#William_Blake

Bryan Murray (ice hockey)
Bryan Murray, Canadian ice hockey coach (b. 1942)

#Bryan_Murray_(ice_hockey)

Walter Rudolf Hess
Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)

#Walter_Rudolf_Hess

Li Jing (Southern Tang)
Yuan Zong, emperor of Southern Tang (b. 916)

#Li_Jing_(Southern_Tang)

Étienne Louis Geoffroy
Étienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (b. 1725)

#Étienne_Louis_Geoffroy

Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda, American actor (b. 1905)

#Henry_Fonda

Vittorio Sella
Vittorio Sella, Italian photographer and mountaineer (b. 1859)

#Vittorio_Sella

David Bergelson
David Bergelson, Ukrainian author and playwright (b. 1884)

#David_Bergelson

Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall, American model, actress, and singer (b. 1924)

#Lauren_Bacall

Juan Pedro de Miguel, Spanish handball player (b. 1958)
John Scott, English organist and conductor (b. 1956)
Stephen Lewis, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1926)
Kong? Masahiro, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1948)
Vasiliy Mihaylovich Peskov, Russian ecologist and journalist (b. 1930)
Hans-Ekkehard Bob, German soldier and pilot (b. 1917)
Tereza de Arriaga, Portuguese painter (b. 1915)
Alf Morris, English politician and activist (b. 1928)
Édgar Morales Pérez, Mexican engineer and politician
Jerry Grant, American race car driver (b. 1935)
Jimmy Carr, American football player and coach (b. 1933)
Robert Robinson, English journalist and author (b. 1927)
Christie Allen, English-Australian singer (b. 1954)
Mike Wieringo, American author and illustrator (b. 1963)
Victoria Gray Adams, American civil rights activist (b. 1926)
John Loder, English sound engineer and producer, founded Southern Studios (b. 1946)
Gennady Lyachin, Russian captain (b. 1955)
Victor Ambartsumian, Georgian-Armenian astrophysicist and academic (b. 1908)
Jean-Michel Basquiat, American painter (b. 1960)
Evaline Ness, American author and illustrator (b. 1911)
Ladi Kwali, Nigerian potter (b. 1925)
Salvador Sánchez, Mexican boxer (b. 1959)
Ernst Boris Chain, German-Irish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
John Williams, English motorcycle racer (b. 1946)
Esther Forbes, American historian and author (b. 1891)
Artur Alliksaar, Estonian poet and author (b. 1923)
Ian Fleming, English spy, journalist, and author (b. 1908)
Mike O'Neill, Irish-American baseball player and manager (b. 1877)
Alfonso Ferrabosco the elder, Italian-English composer (b. 1543)
Demetrius I Starshy, Prince of Trubczewsk (in battle) (b. 1327)
Li Gu, chancellor of Later Zhou (b. 903)
Jænberht, archbishop of Canterbury